Figure 6.3 Quarantine administration, Commonwealth of Australia, at the end of the First
World War. Australia’s principal and secondary quarantine stations are marked,
along with other ports of entry at which quarantine officers were stationed. The
photograph is of J.H.L. Cumpston (1880–1954), Australia’s first Commonwealth
Director-General of Health, 1921–45. Cumpston oversaw the health of Australia and
the troops she put in arms in two world wars. He produced a number of service
handbooks on diseases in Australia from 1788 to 1920. The findings were summarised
in a book, Health and Disease in Australia, completed in 1928. This was not
published until 1989, when the work was edited and introduced by Milton Lewis as
part of Australia’s bicentennial celebrations.
Sources: (Map) drawn from The Quarantine Annual, 1930, Office
International d’Hygiène Publique, League of Nations; (photograph) National
Library of Australia.