Figure 6.3 Quarantine administration, Commonwealth of Australia, at the end of the First World War. Australia’s principal and secondary quarantine stations are marked, along with other ports of entry at which quarantine officers were stationed. The photograph is of J.H.L. Cumpston (1880–1954), Australia’s first Commonwealth Director-General of Health, 1921–45. Cumpston oversaw the health of Australia and the troops she put in arms in two world wars. He produced a number of service handbooks on diseases in Australia from 1788 to 1920. The findings were summarised in a book, Health and Disease in Australia, completed in 1928. This was not published until 1989, when the work was edited and introduced by Milton Lewis as part of Australia’s bicentennial celebrations.

Sources: (Map) drawn from The Quarantine Annual, 1930, Office International d’Hygiène Publique, League of Nations; (photograph) National Library of Australia.