Figure 2.13 Edmund Halley (1656–1742). English scientist and author of the first known modern life table. The life table was based on the bills of mortality for the city of Breslau (in present-day Poland), 1687–91, and published in Philosophical Transactions in 1693. (A) Mezzotint of Halley, 1722. (B) Title page to Halley’s 1693 contribution to Philosophical Transactions. (C) Halley’s population table for Breslau. (D) Halley’s worked example of the likelihood of a 30-year-old living to the age of 57–58 years.