Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders

Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders

Roger M Kurlan, Paul E Greene, and Kevin M Biglan

Print publication date: May 2015

ISBN: 9780199925643

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract

This online resource covers the signs, the pathophysiology, the genetics (where applicable), and the treatment options of each form of hyperkinetic movement disorder. There is a presentation of clinically-focused information regarding the full spectrum of neurological and psychiatric conditions characterized by involuntary movements. With Parkinson's disease as the most common hypokinetic movement disorder, this title expands on other hyperkinetic movement disorders where substantial progress has been made in the understanding of the role of the basal ganglia in the pathophysiology of these hyperkinesia disorders and in motor control, muscle tone, posture, and cognitive processes. Although therapies that target pathogenesis are still lacking, effective management of hyperkinetic movement disorders demands that physicians are knowledgeable about current and novel pharmacological and surgical approaches. Following background information about how to approach hyperkinetic movement disorders and the neural circuitry underlying them, individual chapters cover tremor, dystonia, Huntington's disease (and other choreas, athetosis, ballism), Tourette's syndrome (and other tic disorders), habits, mannerisms, compulsions, stereotypies, myoclonus, drug-induced disorders, Wilson's disease, hyperkinetic movement disorders with a peripheral trigger and those of unclear origin, and psychogenic movement disorders. It also includes sections on clinical phenomenology, etiology, and pathogenesis and therapy.