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Inherited metabolic diseases 

Inherited metabolic diseases
Chapter:
Inherited metabolic diseases
Source:
Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology (4 ed.)
Author(s):

Bernhard Manger

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199642489.003.0170

A variety of hereditary disorders can present with structural or functional alterations of the musculoskeletal system. In particular, genetic defects within enzymatic pathways involved in the lysosomal degradation of various substrates can manifest with bone or joint symptoms. Because musculoskeletal complaints are frequently the first reason for the patient to seek medical advice, the rheumatologist may play a crucial role in the early diagnosis of these diseases. Lysosomal storage diseases are a heterogeneous group of individually very rare disorders, but taken together they have a prevalence of more than 1 in 8000 live births. Some of these lysosomal storage diseases can nowadays be treated very effectively by enzyme replacement therapies; however, a timely start of treatment is essential to avoid irreversible organ damage and deterioration of the quality of life. Therefore, the rheumatologist should be able to recognize signs and symptoms of the most frequent treatable lysosomal storage diseases.

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