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Fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain syndromes—adult onset 

Fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain syndromes—adult onset
Chapter:
Fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain syndromes—adult onset
Source:
Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology (4 ed.)
Author(s):

Anoop Kuttikat

, Nicholas Shenker

, and Maliha Shaikh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199642489.003.0160_update_001
Previous versions of this chapter are available. To view earlier versions of this chapter view the full site here.

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by chronic widespread pain, excessive fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, and other associated somatic symptoms. FMS is common in the general population with an estimated prevalence of 2-4% and is about six times more common in females than males. FMS causes significant individual and societal costs. The precise aetiology of FMS remains unclear. Dysfunctional pain processing within the central nervous system is the primary abnormality. FMS is a clinical diagnosis based on pattern recognition and it can coexist with other conditions. A multidisciplinary approach, incorporating patient education, physical therapies, psychological therapies, and pharmacotherapy, is effective in managing these patients.

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