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Childhood regional conditions 

Childhood regional conditions
Childhood regional conditions
Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology (4 ed.)

Kristin Houghton

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Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are common in childhood. The majority of causes are benign and self-limiting, but MSK symptoms may be the presenting feature of serious life-threatening illness or chronic disease. Pain is often attributed to minor trauma, and atraumatic causes including infectious, inflammatory, and oncologic conditions, amplified musculoskeletal pain syndromes, and normal skeletal growth variants need to be considered. The age of the child helps identify the possible developmental conditions unique to the growing paediatric skeleton. Evaluation and management requires a thorough history and physical examination, and understanding of normal development. This chapter reviews common MSK regional conditions in childhood.

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