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Forearm, hand, and wrist 

Forearm, hand, and wrist
Forearm, hand, and wrist
Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology (4 ed.)

Karen Walker-Bone

and Benjamin Ellis


The forearm, hand, and wrist is a functionally vital part of the musculoskeletal system and in consequence, is highly sophisticated and complex in its anatomical development. Frequently, the hand and wrist may be the site of onset of symptoms of a polyarthropathy such as rheumatoid arthritis or of osteoarthritis, so that the physician should always seek to screen for such conditions before making a local diagnosis. Tenosynovitis, de Quervain’s disease, trigger digit, Dupuytren’s, and carpal tunnel syndrome are local soft tissue pathologies which can usually be discriminated on clinical grounds with or without the use of simple diagnostic tests and are satisfying to treat for the most part. Non-specific forearm pain is more complex, with much controversy surrounding not only its aetiopathogenesis but also its existence. It can be difficult to diagnose and difficult to treat.

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