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Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing and Screening in Children 

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing and Screening in Children
Chapter:
Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing and Screening in Children
Source:
Pediatric Ethics: Protecting the Interests of Children
Author(s):

Alan R. Fleischman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199354474.003.0005

This chapter describes genetic testing and screening in children and presents the many ethical issues associated with these practices. It examines the unique ethical concerns in genetic testing in children with particular emphasis on screening for adult-onset diseases, newborn screening, and whole exome or genome testing. Whole genome testing is now available as a clinical tool for patients with undefined disorders, and has also been offered directly to the public as a way of exploring risk of future disease. In the first decades of the 21st century the ability to examine single-gene disorders has exploded as technology has allowed for more rapid and less expensive analysis of individual gene loci. The chapter also deals with ethical concerns in genetic research, biobanking, and revealing research findings to patients and families.

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