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Glossary of terms used in this book 

Glossary of terms used in this book
Source:
Drugs in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care (5 ed.)

  • %

    percent

  • <

    less than

  • less than or equal to

  • >

    greater than

  • greater than or equal to

  • ±

    plus or minus

  • °C

    degree Celsius

  • ®

    registered

  • A2RA

    angiotensin II receptor antagonist

  • ACEI

    angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

  • ACT

    activated coagulation time

  • ACTH

    adrenocorticotrophic hormone

  • ADH

    antidiuretic hormone

  • ADHD

    attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

  • ADP

    adenosine diphosphate

  • ALT

    alanine transaminase

  • AMP

    adenosine monophosphate

  • ANC

    absolute neutrophil count

  • APTT

    activated partial thromboplastin time

  • ARDS

    acute respiratory distress syndrome

  • AS

    abdominal system

  • AST

    aspartate transaminase

  • ATIII

    antithrombin III

  • ATP

    adenosine triphosphate

  • AUC

    area under curve

  • AV

    atrioventricular

  • BRCP

    breast cancer resistance protein

  • Ca2+

    calcium ion

  • cal

    calorie

  • cAMP

    cyclic adenosine monophosphate

  • cf.

    confer (compare with)

  • cGMP

    cyclic guanosine monophosphate

  • cmH2O

    centimetre of water

  • CNS

    central nervous system

  • CO2

    carbon dioxide

  • COX

    cyclo-oxygenase

  • C-reactive protein

  • CSF

    cerebrospinal fluid

  • CVS

    cardiovascular system

  • CYP

    cytochrome

  • DIC

    disseminated intravascular coagulation

  • DNA

    deoxyribonucleic acid

  • DVT

    deep vein thrombosis

  • ECG

    electrocardiogram

  • EEG

    electroencephalogram

  • e.g.

    exempli gratia (for example)

  • EMLA®

    Eutectic Mixture of Local Anaesthetics

  • ESBL

    extended-spectrum beta-lactamase

  • ESR

    erythrocyte sedimentation rate

  • FEV1

    forced expiratory volume in first second

  • FiO2

    partial pressure of oxygen in inspired air

  • FVC

    forced vital capacity

  • g

    gram

  • GABA

    gamma-amino-butyric acid

  • GU

    genitourinary

  • HAFOE

    high airflow oxygen enrichment

  • HAS

    human albumin solution

  • HDL

    high-density lipoprotein

  • HepBsAg

    hepatitis B surface antigen

  • HFIP

    hexafluoroisopropanol

  • HIT

    heparin-induced thrombocytopenia

  • HITT

    heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis

  • HIV

    human immunodeficiency virus

  • HMGCoA

    3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase

  • 5HT

    5-hydroxytryptamine

  • Hz

    hertz

  • i.e.

    id est (that is)

  • IgG

    immunoglobulin G

  • IL-1

    interleukin-1

  • IL-6

    interleukin-6

  • IL-8

    interleukin-8

  • INR

    international normalized ratio

  • ITU

    intensive treatment unit

  • IU

    international unit

  • K+

    potassium ion

  • kcal

    kilocalorie

  • kilogram

  • KIU

    kallikrein inhibitory unit

  • kPa

    kilopascal

  • l

    litre

  • LMA

    laryngeal mask airway

  • LMWH

    low-molecular-weight heparin

  • MAC

    minimal alveolar concentration

  • MAOI

    monoamine oxidase inhibitor

  • mb

    millibar

  • MDMA

    3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine

  • mEq

    milliequivalent

  • mg

    milligram

  • MIC

    minimal alveolar concentration

  • min

    minute

  • ml

    millilitre

  • mmHg

    millimetre of mercury

  • mmol

    millimole

  • MOP

    mu-opioid

  • mOsm

    milliosmole

  • MRI

    magnetic resonance imaging

  • mRNA

    messenger ribonucleic acid

  • MRSA

    meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

  • Na+

    sodium ion

  • NAC

    N-acetylcysteine

  • NAPQI

    N-acetyl-p-benzo-quinoneimine

  • ng

    nanogram

  • nm

    nanometre

  • NMB

    neuromuscular-blocking

  • NMDA

    N-methyl-D-aspartate

  • NO

    nitric oxide

  • N2O

    nitrous oxide

  • NSAID

    non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

  • PaCO2

    partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood

  • PaO2

    partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood

  • PBP

    penicillin-binding protein

  • PCO2

    partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood

  • PEFR

    peak expiratory flow rate

  • PIFE

    pentafluoroisopropenyl fluoromethyl ether

  • PMFE

    pentafluoromethoxy isopropyl fluoromethyl ether

  • PONV

    post-operative nausea and vomiting

  • part per million

  • PVR

    pulmonary vascular resistance

  • RDS

    respiratory distress syndrome

  • REM

    rapid eye movement

  • RNA

    ribonucleic acid

  • RS

    respiratory system

  • rtPA

    recombinant tissue plasminogen activator

  • spp.

    species

  • SSRI

    selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

  • STP

    standard temperature and pressure

  • TCI

    target-controlled infusion

  • TNF

    tumour necrosis factor

  • TPN

    total parenteral nutrition

  • tRNA

    transfer ribonucleic acid

  • UK

    United Kingdom

  • USA

    United States of America

  • VD

    volume of distribution

  • VDSS

    volume of distribution at steady state

  • VIE

    vacuum-insulated evaporator

  • VMA

    vanillylmandelic acid

  • vpm

    volume per million

  • VRE

    vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus

  • vWF

    von Willebrand factor

  • w/v

    weight per volume

  • w/w

    weight per weight

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