Paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition encompass a wide range of paediatric practice with conditions being managed in a wide variety of settings, dependent upon their complexity. This includes primary care, secondary services, and specialist paediatric practice. Conditions such as abdominal pain and constipation can be assessed in any of these settings. Conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal failure, and liver failure require specialist assessment but still shared care within the wider healthcare environment. Nutritional problems are seen by us all in everyday practice with nutritional support being an integral part of the management of any chronic disease. The handbook is intended as a practical reference for practitioners who commonly see such conditions both in training and in clinical practice. The idea is that the clinician can dip in for information on practical management but also background information on specific conditions. The chapters reflect common situations encountered in practice. The handbook includes bullet points, lists, and management guidelines where possible. The references have been limited as much of this is available through the Internet, and websites have been listed where helpful. Only limited information has been included about drug dosing and readers are referred to the British National Formulary for Children for further information.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract Chapter 2 Growth and nutritional requirements Chapter 3 Nutritional assessment Chapter 4 Breastfeeding Chapter 5 Formula and complementary feeding Chapter 6 The premature newborn Chapter 7 Necrotizing enterocolitis Chapter 8 Growth faltering (failure to thrive) Chapter 9 Iron deficiency Chapter 10 Micronutrients and minerals Chapter 11 Nutrition support teams Chapter 12 Enteral nutritional support Chapter 13 Refeeding syndrome Chapter 14 Parenteral nutrition Chapter 15 Intestinal failure Chapter 16 Intestinal transplantation Chapter 17 Eating disorders Chapter 18 Difficult eating behaviour in the young child Chapter 19 Food allergy Chapter 20 Carbohydrate intolerance Chapter 21 Nutritional problems in the child with neurodisability Chapter 22 Obesity Chapter 23 Gastrointestinal manifestations of cystic fibrosis Chapter 24 Nutritional management of cystic fibrosis Chapter 25 Cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease Chapter 26 Vomiting Chapter 27 Achalasia Chapter 28 Acute gastroenteritis Chapter 29 Gastro-oesophageal reflux Chapter 30 Helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulceration Chapter 31 Cyclical vomiting syndrome Chapter 32 Pyloric stenosis Chapter 33 Gastrointestinal endoscopy Chapter 34 Gastrointestinal bleeding Chapter 35 Gastrointestinal polyposis Chapter 36 Intractable diarrhoea of infancy Chapter 37 Chronic diarrhoea Chapter 38 Coeliac disease Chapter 39 Nutritional management of Coeliac disease Chapter 40 Bacterial overgrowth Chapter 41 Acute abdominal pain Chapter 42 Recurrent abdominal pain Chapter 43 Chronic constipation Chapter 44 Perianal disorders Chapter 45 Inflammatory bowel disease: introduction Chapter 46 Crohn’s disease Chapter 47 Nutritional management of Crohn’s disease Chapter 48 Ulcerative colitis Chapter 49 Eosinophilic disorders Chapter 50 The pancreas Chapter 51 Liver function tests Chapter 52 Liver biopsy Chapter 53 Neonatal jaundice Chapter 54 Biliary atresia Chapter 55 Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency Chapter 56 Alagille syndrome Chapter 57 Familial and inherited intrahepatic cholestatic syndromes Chapter 58 Drug-induced liver injury Chapter 59 Autoimmune liver disease Chapter 60 Metabolic liver disease Chapter 61 Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Chapter 62 Wilson disease Chapter 63 Hepatitis B Chapter 64 Hepatitis C Chapter 65 Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections of the liver Chapter 66 Liver tumours Chapter 67 Complications of chronic liver disease Chapter 68 Nutritional management of liver disease Chapter 69 Acute liver failure Chapter 70 Portal hypertension Chapter 71 Paediatric liver transplantation