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Peripheral musculoskeletal involvement in axial spondyloarthritis 

Peripheral musculoskeletal involvement in axial spondyloarthritis
Chapter:
Peripheral musculoskeletal involvement in axial spondyloarthritis
Source:
Axial Spondyloarthritis (Oxford Rheumatology Library)
Author(s):

Stefan Siebert

, Sengupta Raj

, and Alexander Tsoukas

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198755296.003.0007

In addition to the axial diseases that characterizes axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), many patients also develop peripheral musculoskeletal involvement. This can include peripheral joint synovitis, enthesitis, and dactylitis. Peripheral musculoskeletal involvement is an important component of the disease with significant impact on function and quality of life. Many of the features may also be subtle and overlooked, unless specifically evaluated and examined. In particular, hip disease is a bad prognostic feature and, if present, may require more aggressive therapy or surgical intervention. On occasion, further imaging may be required to detect enthesitis or subtle joint inflammation in order to inform treatment decisions.

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