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The premature newborn 

The premature newborn
Chapter:
The premature newborn
Source:
Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Paediatrics) (1 ed.)
Author(s):

R. Mark Beattie

, Anil Dhawan

, and John W.L. Puntis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198569862.003.0004

General principles 38

Parenteral nutrition 39

Enteral feeding 40

Developments in care for the premature newborn have lead to increasing survival (50% of infants born at 24 weeks gestation) and an increased awareness of the importance of nutrtional support. Many have difficulty tolerating enteral nutrition in the early weeks of life until gastrointestinal motility has matured. Some develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) which carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality, and may be regarded as a failure of adaptation to postnatal life. Optimum nutrition should allow adequate growth in the short term, free of metabolic and other complications, with long-term fulfilment of both genetic growth and developmental potential....

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