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Intestinal failure 

Intestinal failure
Chapter:
Intestinal failure
Source:
Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (Oxford Specialist Handbooks in Paediatrics) (1 ed.)
Author(s):

R. Mark Beattie

, Anil Dhawan

, and John W.L. Puntis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198569862.003.0013

Short-bowel syndrome 98

Excessive diarrhoea 100

Motility disorders 101

Mucosal disorders 102

The term intestinal failure (IF) refers to a functionally impaired gastrointestinal tract unable to maintain biochemical homeostasis and support normal growth. Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is a common cause of IF and usually defined as a severe reduction in functional gut mass below the minimal amount necessary for digestion and absorption adequate to satisfy the nutrient and fluid requirements for growth. Other causes of IF include mucosal abnormalities giving rise to protracted diarrhoea, and neuromuscular disorders resulting in chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction syndrome (CIIPS). See ...

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