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When to Place an Intracranial Pressure Monitor 

When to Place an Intracranial Pressure Monitor
Chapter:
When to Place an Intracranial Pressure Monitor
Source:
Neurocritical Care (2 ed.)
Author(s):

Eelco F. M. Wijdicks

, Alejandro A. Rabinstein

, Sara E. Hocker

, and Jennifer E. Fugate

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190602659.003.0024

The monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure is fundamental to the care of acutely brain-injured patients with altered consciousness. Improving technology should benefit the physician, but it is not known for sure if it benefits the patient. Indications for placement of a monitoring device are discussed. An ICP monitor should be placed in comatose traumatic brain-injured patients with abnormal head computed tomography (CT) or with normal CT and two of the following: age over 40 years, posturing, or hypotension. ICP monitors may be needed in patients with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, fulminant hepatic failure, and acute bacterial meningitis.

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