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The Neurologic Examination 

The Neurologic Examination
Chapter:
The Neurologic Examination
Source:
Introduction to Clinical Neurology (5 ed.)
Author(s):

Douglas J. Gelb

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190467197.003.0002

A careful history can elicit most of the information necessary to localize a patient’s lesion, especially if you follow up open-ended questions with questions that focus on specific nervous system pathways. No matter how accurate and detailed the history, however, you will need to perform a neurologic examination. This is the most reliable way to identify certain abnormalities, such as subtle weakness, eye movement abnormalities, sensory deficits, and asymmetric reflexes. This examination will include patient consent and rely on patient observations. Key areas of a neurologic examination include mental status examination, cranial nerve examination, motor examination, reflex examination, sensory examination

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