Population health science is the study of the conditions that shape distributions of health within and across populations, and of the mechanisms through which these conditions manifest as the health of individuals. It is an emerging discipline, in the process of solidifying a theoretical framework and cannon of methods. In this textbook, nine principles of population health science are articulated. In addition, across 13 chapters, a detailed examination of these principles and their implications for the formation of theory, hypotheses, and data analysis to frame and inform the values with which population scientists conduct work are provided. The health challenges that place burdens on populations and individuals continue to require rigorous scientific effort; this book is a tool for both educators and researchers to use as a foundation for conducting research that will improve communities and shape health in the coming decades.
Table of Contents
- 1 An Introduction to Population Health Science
- 2 Conceptualizing and Evaluating Causes for Population Health Science
- 3 The Causes of Cases Versus Causes of Incidence
- 4 Population Health Across Levels, Systems, and the Life Course
- 5 Ubiquity and the Macrosocial Determinants of Population Health
- 6 Causal Architecture to Understand What Matters Most: Theory
- 7 Causal Architecture and What Matters Most: Quantitative Examples
- 8 Valuing Population Health Interventions: Measuring Return on Investment
- 9 Equity and Efficiency in Population Health Science
- 10 Prediction in Population Health Science
- 11 Case Study: Can We Reduce Obesity by Encouraging People to Eat Healthy Food?
- 12 Case Study: Simulating the Impact of High-Risk and Population Intervention Strategies for the Prevention of Disease
- 13 Tensions in Population Health Science