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Multiple Sclerosis 

Multiple Sclerosis
Chapter:
Multiple Sclerosis
Source:
Neuropathic Pain: A Case-Based Approach to Practical Management
Author(s):

Samuel W. Samuel

, and Jianguo Cheng

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190298357.003.0024

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The diagnosis is based on evidence of at lease two different lesions in the CNS, at least two different episodes in the disease course, and chronic inflammation of the CNS as determined by analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid. Central neuropathic pain is the most common form of pain in patients with MS, with an estimated prevalence of about 50%. Along with the classical neuropathic pain features, such as spontaneous pain (dysesthesia and burning) and evoked pain (allodynia and hyperalgesia), patients with MS may also suffer from intermittent neuropathic pain, such as trigeminal neuralgia, Lhermitte sign, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. In addition to disease-modifying therapies of MS, multiple treatments are available to manage neuropathic pain secondary to MS, including medical, interventional, and surgical treatments with varying levels of evidence.

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