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Classification of Neuropathic Pain 

Classification of Neuropathic Pain
Chapter:
Classification of Neuropathic Pain
Source:
Neuropathic Pain: A Case-Based Approach to Practical Management
Author(s):

Abdullah Kandil

, and Danielle Perret

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190298357.003.0002

Neuropathic pain encompasses a category of chronic pain conditions that are caused by disease or lesion of the somatosensory nervous system. Depending on the location of the lesion or disease, neuropathic pain can be categorized as peripheral, central, or mixed. Peripheral neuropathic pain includes such common pain conditions as painful diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, radiculopathies, post-amputation stump pain, various nerve entrapment syndromes, and neuropathies due to immune, hereditary, metabolic, and toxic factors. Central neuropathic pain is pain caused by stroke, spinal cord injury, spinal infarction, syringomyelia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, and phantom limb pain. In contrast, some conditions may cause pain through both central and peripheral mechanisms, such spinal stenosis, complex regional pain syndrome type II, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, fibromyalgia, and cancer pain. Classification of neuropathic may not only help guide the diagnosis and treatment of these chronic pain conditions but may also provide the framework for research of the mechanisms of generation of neuropathic pain.

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