Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

Neuroprotection in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine

David L. Reich, Stephan A. Mayer, and Suzan Uysal

Print publication date: Oct 2017

ISBN: 9780190280253

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract

Clinicians caring for patients are challenged by the task of protecting the brain and spinal cord in high-risk situations. These include following cardiac arrest, in critical care settings, and during complex procedural and surgical care. This book provides a comprehensive overview of various types of neural injury commonly encountered in critical care and perioperative contexts and the neuroprotective strategies used to optimize clinical outcomes. In addition to introductory chapters on the physiologic modulators of neural injury and pharmacologic neuroprotectants, the topics covered include: imaging assessment; tissue biomarker identification; monitoring; assessment of functional outcomes and postoperative cognitive decline; traumatic brain injury; cardiac arrest and heart-related issues such as valvular and coronary artery bypass surgery, aortic surgery and stenting, and vascular and endovascular surgery; stroke; intracerebral hemorrhage; mechanical circulatory support; sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome; neonatal issues; spinal cord injury and spinal surgery; and issues related to general, orthopedic, peripheral vascular, and ear, nose and throat surgeries.