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PTSD in Low- and Middle-Income Countries 

PTSD in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
PTSD in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Soraya Seedat

, and Sharain Suliman


The burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is high. In addition to trauma type and sociodemographic correlates, cultural and social drivers of the disorder are critical to consider in diagnosis and treatment provision. Sociocultural factors may underpin the cognitive and affective neural mechanisms of PTSD and its phenotypic presentation. Although steps have been taken to evaluate and disseminate empirically supported interventions for PTSD in LMIC that are feasible, affordable, and potentially sustainable despite the limited resources that exist in these countries, well-designed quantitative and qualitative randomized controlled trials are needed in order to gain a more nuanced understanding of the cultural expressions of PTSD.

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