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Trauma and PTSD in Europe 

Trauma and PTSD in Europe
Trauma and PTSD in Europe
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Sebastian Trautmann

, and Hans-Ulrich Wittchen


The chapter gives an overview about the epidemiological studies of traumatic events and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in European countries with a focus on data from recent cross-national research initiatives. About two-thirds of the European population have experienced at least one traumatic event in their lifetime. Between 1% and 3% of the European population, however, have developed PTSD suffering from symptoms during the past year; this corresponds to about 7.7 million people. The PTSD prevalence varies considerably between European countries, with differences regarding trauma exposure, exposure to war and combat events, cultural factors, and health care utilization. The chapter highlights significant research gaps, the need for more complete and nationally representative data for many European countries, and in-depth examination of reasons for the apparent large prevalence differences.

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