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PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury 

PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury
Chapter:
PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury
Source:
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Author(s):

Richard A. Bryant

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190259440.003.0004

One of the more hotly debated issues in the field of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the role of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and particularly mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). This topic became increasingly the focus of attention in the context of recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, where many troops suffered PTSD and mTBIs. Over three-quarters of injuries sustained in these conflicts arose from encounters with explosive devices, and accordingly it was often claimed that the “signature injuries” of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were both PTSD and mTBI. Clinicians and researchers have thus given renewed attention to the interplay of these two conditions. This chapter reviews definitional issues of PTSD and mTBI, how PTSD can develop after mTBI, the impact mTBI may have on stress responses, the distinctive role of postconcussive syndrome, and how to manage PTSD following mTBI.

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