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Cellular Processes 

Cellular Processes
Chapter:
Cellular Processes
Source:
Mayo Clinic Neurology Board Review
Author(s):

Nathan P. Staff

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190214883.003.0025

Although cells in the nervous system contain all the cellular machinery that exists in other cells throughout the body, nervous system cells have many specialized functions that present unique challenges in the maintenance of cell functionality and homeostasis. The unique morphology of neurons demands elaborate cytoarchitecture, energy production, and cellular processing machinery that are unparalleled in other parts of the body. In this chapter, a broad overview of cellular processes related to cytoskeleton, axonal transport, protein processing, and energy metabolism within the nervous system are discussed. Foreshadowing subsequent chapters, many diseases of the nervous system are due to breakdowns of the intricate processes that are outlined in this chapter.

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