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Cognitive Enhancement in Schizophrenia 

Cognitive Enhancement in Schizophrenia
Chapter:
Cognitive Enhancement in Schizophrenia
Source:
Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond
Author(s):

James Gilleen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190214401.003.0009

Schizophrenia is characterized by a constellation of heterogeneous symptoms including hallucinations and delusions, motivational and social deficits, and cognitive impairments. Although positive symptoms have historically been the target for drug development, in recent years, attention has turned to cognitive and negative symptoms. Cognitive deficits in schizophrenia are associated with significant impairments in functional, social, and employment outcomes, and although they are widely researched and relatively well understood, there are no currently approved compounds to treat them. This chapter provides a selective review of the current status of approaches developed to improve cognition in schizophrenia. It covers pharmacological approaches as well as cognitive training and cognitive remediation techniques. It also explores the various study design issues and challenges that contribute to the difficulties in discovering reliable ways to improve the cognitive deficits present in schizophrenia.

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