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Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Cognitive Enhancement 

Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Cognitive Enhancement
Chapter:
Autism, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Cognitive Enhancement
Source:
Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond
Author(s):

Iulia Dud

, Louise Brennan

, and Dene Robertson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190214401.003.0012

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are common neurodevelopmental disorders. Impairments in attention and executive functions are core characteristics of ADHD. ASD is primarily characterized by severe deficits in social communication, but cognitive impairments are common, including in attention and executive functions. Currently, there is only limited evidence for efficacy of either pharmacological or behavioral interventions for the treatment of the cognitive deficits associated with the disorders. This chapter presents the current evidence base for cognitive enhancements for ADHD and ASD. It summarizes evidence from available and experimental pharmacological interventions, as well as behavioral, cognitive, and psychosocial interventions. The chapter also discusses the limitations of current tools and future directions.

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