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Electromagnetic Fields 

Electromagnetic Fields
Chapter:
Electromagnetic Fields
Author(s):

Neela Guha

, Robert A. Baan

, and Kurt Straif

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199929573.003.0041
Page of

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date: 14 December 2018

Electric and magnetic fields (EMF) arise wherever electricity is generated, transmitted, or distributed. EMF exposures can occur at extremely low frequencies (ELF) from personal electric appliances such as hair dryers and shavers. EMF exposures can also occur at radiofrequencies from radar installations, smart meters, base-station antennas, and mobile phones. Children appear to be particularly vulnerable to EMF. Mobile phone use in children is associated with exposures to radiofrequency energy in the brain at levels that are two times higher than those associated with mobile phone use by adults. Mobile phone use in children is associated additionally with exposures in the bone marrow of the skull that are up to 10 times higher than those experienced by adults. The mechanisms by which EMFs interact with the human body are not fully understood.

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