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Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis 

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Chapter:
Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Author(s):

Su Min Cho

and Ali Al-Khafaji

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199768899.003.0001
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date: 18 August 2018

Chapter 1 discusses how patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) have significant immune dysfunction, higher rates of infection, and sepsis. Any infection likely worsens liver function per se, including contributing to risk of variceal bleeding. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most common infection in patients with ESLD and can precipitate decompensation. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis can present with no or vague symptoms, and clinical examination alone cannot exclude SBP.

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