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A
abdominal:
aortic aneurysm or dissection, ruptured[link], [link], [link]
aortic dissection[link]
bruising[link]
bruit[link]
movement, poor[link]
pain
acute, in children[link]
acute central[link]
acute lateral[link]
acute lower central (hypogastric)[link]
acute pain in upper abdomen[link]
recurrent, in children[link]
severe upper abdominal pain[link]
striae[link]
veins, distended[link]
abducent (6th cranial nerve) paresis[link]
abscess[link]
dental[link]
subcutaneous[link]
tuberculoid (‘cold’)[link], [link]
acanthosis nigricans[link], [link], [link]
ACE inhibitors[link]
achalasia[link], [link]
progressive[link]
acne[link], [link]
vulgaris[link]
acromegaly[link], [link], [link]
acromio-clavicular joint[link]
ACTH deficiency[link]
actinic prurigo[link]
activities of daily living:
history taking[link]
inability to carry out the[link]
acuity, loss of[link]
acute coronary syndrome[link]
acute respiratory distress syndrome[link], [link]
Addison’s disease[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
adenosis, sclerosing[link]
adhesive capsulitis[link]
adrenal:
adenoma[link], [link]
carcinoma[link], [link]
disease, primary[link]
failure[link]
hyperplasia[link]
aerotitis[link]
agoraphobia[link]
agranulocytosis[link], [link]
clinical opinion[link]
investigations[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link]
AIDS[link]
albinism[link]
albumin states, low[link], [link], [link]
alcohol:
abuse[link]
intake, high[link]
withdrawal[link], [link], [link], [link]
alcoholism[link], [link]
aldosteronism[link]
alimentary:
symptoms[link]
system[link]
alkaline phosphatase, raised[link]
allergic contact dermatitis[link], [link]
allergy[link]
conjunctivitis[link]
alopecia:
areata[link]
totalis[link]
alveolar cell carcinoma[link]
alveolitis, fibrosing[link]
Alzheimer’s disease[link]
amenorrhoea, secondary[link]
amyloidosis[link], [link], [link]
anaemia[link], [link]
acquired haemolytic[link]
of chronic disease[link]
clinical[link]
haemolytic[link]
hereditary haemolytic[link]
hypoplastic or aplastic[link], [link]
iron deficiency[link]
macrocytic[link], [link], [link], [link]
microcytic[link], [link], [link], [link]
normocytic[link], [link], [link], [link]
of pregnancy[link]
severe[link], [link]
sideroblastic[link]
anal:
fissure[link], [link], [link]
acute[link]
swelling[link]
anarthria[link]
aneurysm[link]
anterior communicating artery[link]
aortic[link], [link]
dissecting thoracic aortic[link], [link]
femoral artery[link]
subclavian cavity[link]
ventricular[link]
angina[link]
angiodysplasia[link]
angioedema, hereditary[link]
angle-closure glaucoma, acute[link], [link]
anisocoria[link]
ankle swelling:
bilateral[link], [link]
unilateral[link]
ankylosing spondylitis[link]
anomalies, congenital[link]
anorectal pain[link]
anorexia nervosa[link], [link]
anterior cruciate ligament tears[link]
antibiotic-induced bacterial opportunists[link]
antifolate drugs[link]
anxiety[link]
acute[link]
disorder, generalized[link]
hyperventilation[link]
with semi-voluntary resistance[link]
state[link]
aorta:
coarctation[link]
dissecting[link]
aortic:
arch syndrome[link]
incompetence[link], [link]
sclerosis[link]
stenosis[link], [link], [link]
supravalvular[link]
apex:
impulse, abnormal[link]
and palpating hand, fat, fluid, or air between[link]
aphasia[link]
aphonia[link]
aphthous ulcers, local[link]
appendicitis[link], [link]
‘common cause’[link]
elimination, reasoning by[link], [link]
likelihood ratios[link], [link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
statistical independence versus statistical dependence[link]
appendix mass[link]
Argyll Robinson pupil[link]
Aristotle’s syllogism[link], [link]
arterial obstruction[link]
arteriosclerosis[link]
arthritis:
acute[link]
acute septic[link]
reactive[link]
septic[link]
tuberculous[link]
ascites[link]
asthma[link], [link]
chronic[link]
exacerbation[link], [link], [link]
precipitated by allergens[link]
severe[link]
athletic heart[link]
atrial:
ectopics[link]
fibrillation[link], [link], [link]
with cerebral embolus[link]
flutter with variable heart block[link]
septal defect[link], [link]
auditory canal trauma[link]
auscultation[link], [link]
autoimmune diseases[link], [link]


B
B12 deficiency[link]
Bacillus cereus[link]
bacteraemia[link]
bacterial:
endocarditis[link]
infection:
conjunctivitis[link]
severe[link]
Baker’s cyst, ruptured[link], [link]
barotrauma[link]
Bartholin’s cyst[link]
basal cell carcinoma[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Bayes’ rule[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Bazin’s disease[link]
Beau’s lines[link]
Becker’s melanocytic naevus[link]
Bell’s palsy[link]
benign:
essential tremor[link], [link]
positional vertigo[link]
tumours[link]
berloque dermatitis[link]
β-agonist treatment[link]
biceps, rupture of long head of[link]
bigemini, ventricular or supraventricular[link]
bile duct stones, common[link], [link]
biochemistry[link]
bipolar disorder[link]
bites, insect[link], [link]
bladder:
calculus[link]
distension[link], [link]
acute[link]
‘neurogenic’[link]
‘spastic’, due to upper motor neurone lesion[link]
tumour[link]
blisters[link]
blood:
gas disturbance, appearance suggestive of[link]
passage of rectally[link]
tests[link]
transfusion, recent[link]
volume, low circulating[link], [link]
bone:
disease, adjacent[link]
marrow failure[link]
metastases[link], [link]
botulism[link]
bowel:
chronic infection of[link]
habit, change in[link]
infarction[link]
sounds, high-pitched[link]
Bowen’s disease[link]
brachial plexus lesion[link]
bradycardia[link], [link]
brain:
injury[link]
stem dysfunction, severe[link]
stem ischaemia or infarction[link]
tumour[link]
branchial cyst[link]
breast lump(s)[link]
breath sounds, reduced[link]
breathing, bronchial[link]
breathlessness:
acute[link]
with wheeze ± cough[link]
chronic[link]
sudden, onset over seconds[link], [link]
Briquet’s syndrome[link]
bronchial carcinoma[link], [link], [link], [link]
bronchiectasis[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
bronchitis:
acute bacterial[link]
acute viral[link]
bacterial[link], [link], [link]
chronic[link], [link]
wheezy[link]
bronchoconstriction[link]
bronchopneumonia, bilateral[link]
bronchus carcinoma[link], [link], [link]
buccal mucosa[link]
bulbar palsy[link]
bulimia nervosa[link]
bullous:
drug eruption[link]
impetigo[link]
myringitis[link]
burns:
chemical[link], [link]
sunburn[link]
thermal[link], [link]
bursitis[link]
post-calcaneal[link]
prepatellar[link]


C
C5 posterior root lesion[link]
C5/6 prolapsed disc[link]
C5/6 root lesion[link]
posterior[link]
C6 posterior root lesion[link]
C6/7 prolapsed disc[link]
C7 root lesion[link]
anterior[link]
posterior[link]
C7/8 posterior root lesion[link]
C8/T1 root lesion[link]
C-reactive protein, very high[link]
cachectic[link]
caecum carcinoma[link]
café-au-lait spot[link]
calcaneal tendon tear[link]
calcaneum disease[link]
calf, unilateral swelling[link]
calorie intake:
excessive[link]
Campbell-de-Morgan spots[link], [link]
Campylobacter enteritis[link]
cancer somewhere[link]
Candida albicans[link]
candidiasis[link], [link], [link], [link]
investigations[link]
capsule cerebral lesion, internal[link]
capsulitis, adhesive[link]
carbon dioxide:
narcosis[link]
retention[link], [link]
carcinoid syndrome[link]
carcinoma rectum[link]
carcinomatosis[link]
carcinomatous neuromyopathy[link]
cardiac:
arrhythmia[link], [link]
contractility, poor[link]
failure, congestive[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
output:
examination[link]
silhouette, abnormal[link]
cardiogenic low output[link], [link]
cardiomyopathy[link], [link]
cardiovascular symptoms and physical signs:
acute breathlessness, wheeze ± cough[link]
ankle swelling, bilateral[link]
apex impulse, abnormal[link]
blood pressure:
high—hypertension[link]
postural fall in[link]
very low[link]
blood pressure/pulse:
difference between arms[link]
difference between arm and legs[link]
bradycardia[link]
calf or leg swelling, unilateral[link]
chest pain—alarming and increasing over minutes to hours[link]
cough and pink frothy sputum[link]
cyanosis:
central[link]
peripheral[link]
heart sounds, extra[link]
interpreting cardiovascular signs[link]
jugular venous pressure, raised[link]
leg and ankle swelling:
bilateral[link]
unilateral[link]
leg pain:
on standing—relieved by lying down[link]
on walking—intermittent claudication[link]
leg veins, prominent, ± unilateral leg swelling[link]
lower chest or upper abdominal pain, severe[link]
murmurs:
diastolic[link]
mid-systolic[link]
not entirely in systole or diastole[link]
pansystolic[link]
orthopnoea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea[link]
palpitations[link]
pulse:
high volume[link]
irregular[link]
low volume[link]
rate >120bpm[link]
sudden breathlessness, onset over seconds[link]
syncope[link]
systems enquiry[link]
cardiovascular system[link]
carious teeth[link]
carotenaemia[link], [link]
carotid:
body tumour[link]
sinus hypersensitivity[link]
sinus syncope[link]
carotinaemia:
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
carpal tunnel syndrome[link], [link]
case[link]
case history[link]
cataract[link], [link]
diabetic[link]
‘cauliflower ear’[link]
cellulitis[link], [link], [link]
bilateral[link]
orbital[link]
central nervous system diseases[link]
cerebellar:
disease[link], [link]
lesion[link], [link], [link]
ipsilateral[link]
stroke[link]
cerebello-pontine lesion[link], [link]
cerebral:
artery:
anterior infarction[link]
posterior infarction[link]
embolus[link]
haemorrhage[link]
infarction[link]
ischaemic attack, transient[link]
lesion[link]
cerebrovascular accident[link]
cerumen[link]
cervical:
carcinoma[link], [link], [link]
cord trauma[link]
dystonia[link]
ectropion[link]
erosions[link]
intraepithelial neoplasia[link]
nerve root lesion[link]
polyps[link]
root pain, referred[link]
spondylitis:
acute[link]
with osteophytes, chronic[link]
spondylosis[link], [link]
compressing nerve root[link]
ulcers and lumps[link]
cervicitis[link], [link]
chair, difficulty in rising from[link]
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease[link]
chemodectoma[link]
chest:
expansion:
bilateral poor[link]
unilateral poor[link]
infections[link]
inspection[link]
pain:
alarming and increasing over minutes to hours[link]
severe[link]
sharp and aggravated by breathing or movement[link]
wall:
abnormalities[link]
bone structure, absence of part of[link]
X-rayssee radiology
chickenpox[link]
past[link]
chlamydia:
cervicitis[link]
peritonitis[link]
chloasma[link], [link]
cholangitis, acute[link]
cholecystitis:
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
cholestasis[link]
cholesteatoma[link], [link]
chondrodermatitis nodularis[link]
chronica helicis[link]
helicis externa[link]
chondromalacia patellae[link]
choroiditis[link]
choroidoretinitis[link], [link], [link]
Christmas disease[link]
chronic fatigue syndrome[link]
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
exacerbation[link], [link]
cirrhosis[link], [link], [link]
alcoholic[link], [link]
primary biliary[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
shifting dullness[link]
claudication[link]
intermittent[link]
claw toes[link]
clinical opinions[link]
clinical trial:
ideal[link]
stratifying diagnostic and treatment criteria by analysis of[link]
closed-angle glaucoma, acute[link], [link]
Clostridium difficile[link]
Clostridium perfringens[link]
clotting disorder[link]
clubbing[link], [link]
coagulopathy:
acquired[link]
congenital[link]
coccydynia[link]
coeliac disease[link]
cognitive impairment[link]
colic:
biliary[link]
infantile[link]
colitis
infective[link]
colon/colonic:
carcinoma[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
of descending or sigmoid[link]
descending, tumour of[link]
colorectal carcinoma[link]
‘common cause’[link]
common peroneal nerve lesion[link]
communicating artery aneurysm, anterior[link]
condylomata acuminata[link]
confirmatory evidencesee evidence: that confirms a diagnosis
confusion:
acute[link]
chronic[link]
congenital:
anomalies[link]
enzyme defect:
diagnostic table[link]
diagnostic pathway[link]
heart disease[link]
ptosis[link]
vasculopathy[link]
congestive cardiac failure[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
conjunctivitis[link]
Conn’s syndrome[link], [link], [link]
consciousness, disturbed[link]
consent[link]
consolidation[link], [link]
due to bacterial infection[link], [link], [link], [link]
extensive[link], [link]
constipation[link], [link]
contact, prolonged[link]
context information, faulty[link]
contralateral:
cortical lesion[link], [link]
pyramidal tract lesion[link], [link]
cor pulmonale[link], [link]
corneal:
opacity in quiet eye[link]
ulcer[link]
coronary syndrome, acute[link]
corrosives, ingestion of[link], [link]
cortical lesion[link]
contralateral[link], [link]
cortico-cavernous fistula[link]
coryza[link]
cough[link], [link]
breathlessness, acute[link]
persistent dry, with no sputum[link]
with sputum[link]
syncope[link]
cow’s milk protein intolerance[link]
coxa vara[link]
crackles:
coarse[link]
fine inspiratory[link]
cranial:
arteritis[link], [link]
nerve lesions[link]
nerves[link]
C-reactive protein, very high[link]
creatinine, raised[link]
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease[link]
Crigler–Najjar syndrome[link]
Crohn’s disease:
acute central abdominal pain[link]
clubbing[link]
passage of blood rectally[link], [link]
polyarthritis[link]
recurrent diarrhoea[link]
Crohn’s granuloma[link]
croup[link]
CSF:
low pressure[link]
otorrhoea[link]
Curtis–Fitz-Hugh syndrome[link]
Cushing’s syndrome:
abdominal striae[link]
difficulty in rising from chair or squatting position[link]
hirsutism[link]
hyperpigmentation[link]
hypertension[link]
obesity[link]
pigmented creases and flexures[link]
striking facial appearance[link]
weight gain[link]
cyanosis:
central[link]
peripheral[link]
cystic fibrosis[link]
cystic hygroma[link], [link]
cystitis[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
due to bacterial infection[link]
cystocoele[link]
cysts[link]
epidermal[link]
sebaceous[link]
cytotoxic drugs[link]


D
Darier’s disease[link]
De Quervain’s syndrome[link]
deafness[link]
decision analysis[link]
proportion syllogism[link]
decision trees[link]
deep vein thrombosis[link], [link], [link], [link]
dehydration:
clinical opinion[link]
problem-structuring note[link]
delusions[link]
dementia[link]
dental abscess[link]
depression[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
agitated[link]
major[link]
psychotic[link]
manic[link]
mild to moderate[link]
secondary[link]
severe[link]
dermatitis:
allergic contact[link], [link]
atopic[link]
berloque[link]
contact[link]
herpetiformis associated with gluten enteropathy[link], [link], [link]
seborrhoeic[link], [link]
dermatofibroma[link], [link]
dermatomyositis[link]
dermatosis, juvenile plantar[link]
developmental history[link]
dextrocardia[link]
diabetes:
insipidus with hypovolaemia[link]
mellitus[link], [link]
clinical opinion[link]
confirmatory findings based on general evidence[link]
diagnostic criteria[link]
gastroparesis[link]
hyponatraemia[link]
laboratory tests[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link]
undiagnosed or uncontrolled[link]
diabetic:
amyotrophy[link]
autonomic neuropathy[link]
hard exudates[link]
ketoacidosis[link], [link]
macular exudates[link]
microalbuminuria[link], [link], [link], [link]
micro-aneurysm[link]
nephropathy[link]
new vessel[link]
ophthalmoscopy[link]
soft exudates[link]
diagnosis:
in dermatology[link]
dynamic[link]
explaining to patients[link]
and hypotheses and theories[link]
ruled in[link]
ruled out[link]
writing the[link]
diagnostic classifications[link]
diagnostic criteria[link]
stratified[link][link]
diagnostic cut-off points[link]
diagnostic errors:
faulty context information[link]
faulty information gathering and processing[link]
faulty triggering[link]
faulty verification[link]
minimizing[link]
no fault errors[link]
diagnostic leads:
changing[link]
differentiating between diagnoses[link]
‘transparent’ reasoning[link]
useful[link]
diagnostic pathways[link]
jaundice[link]
diagnostic process:
changing diagnostic leads[link]
confirmatory findings based on general evidence[link]
confirming a diagnosis[link]
diagnoses, hypotheses, and theories[link]
diagnostic classifications, pathways, and tables[link]
differentiating between diagnoses[link]
dynamic diagnoses[link]
evidence-based diagnosis and plan[link]
evidence that ‘suggests’ a diagnosis[link]
explaining a diagnostic thought process[link]
explaining diagnoses to patients[link]
findings that suggest diagnoses based on general evidence[link]
imagining an ideal clinical trial[link]
informed consent[link]
medical and surgical sieves[link]
minimizing diagnostic errors[link]
purpose of this book[link]
reasoning:
‘intuitive’[link]
‘transparent’[link]
understanding others’ reasoning[link]
using this book[link]
diagnostic reasoning:
checking[link]
transparent[link]
understanding others’ reasoning[link]
diagnostic tables[link]
jaundice[link]
diarrhoea:
chronic[link]
in children[link]
traveller’s[link]
diastolic murmurs[link]
diathesis, bleeding[link], [link], [link], [link]
diet, change in[link], [link]
differential likelihood ratio[link], [link], [link][link], [link], [link]
diffuse oesophageal spasm (intermittent)[link]
diffuse poorly defined hazy opacification[link]
digoxin[link]
diplopia[link]
disc:
prolapse[link], [link]
protrusion[link], [link]
dissecting:
abdominal aortic aneurysm[link], [link], [link], [link]
aorta[link]
thoracic aortic aneurysm[link], [link]
disseminated intravascular coagulation[link]
diuretic therapy[link]
diverticular abscess[link]
diverticular disease[link]
diverticulitis[link], [link], [link], [link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
dizziness[link]
dorsal column loss[link], [link]
drug/drug effects:
bullous drug eruption[link]
confusion, acute[link]
constipation[link]
dizziness[link]
dysarthria[link]
eczema[link]
eruptions[link]
fatigue[link]
gait abnormality[link]
headache[link]
hepatitis[link]
hyperkalaemia[link]
hyperkeratosis, scales and plaques[link]
hyperpigmentation[link]
hypertension[link]
large pupil with no ptosis[link]
lymphadenopathy:
axillary[link]
generalized[link]
photosensitivity[link]
phototoxicity[link]
purpura[link]
purpura and petechiae[link]
pustules[link]
small pupil with no ptosis[link]
thrombocytopenia[link]
vomiting[link]
weight gain[link]
drug/drugs:
abuse[link]
bradycardia[link]
galactorrhoea[link]
history[link], [link]
-induced symptoms:
ankle swelling, bilateral[link]
blood pressure fall[link]
bowel habit[link]
diarrhoea[link]
jaundice[link]
ototoxicity[link]
overdose[link]
pulse rate[link]
radiology[link]
reactions and allergies[link]
polyarthritis[link]
respiratory rate[link]
Dubin–Johnson syndrome[link], [link]
duct:
ectasia[link]
papilloma[link]
ductal cancer[link]
ductus arteriosus, patent[link]
dullness:
central[link]
shifting[link]
duodenal ulcer[link], [link]
bleeding[link], [link]
perforated[link]
Dupuytren’s contracture[link]
dynamic diagnoses[link]
dysarthria[link], [link]
dysentery:
amoebic[link]
bacillary[link]
dysphagia:
for fluids and solids[link]
for fluids and solids which do not stick[link]
for solids which stick[link]
dysphonia[link]
dysplasia, developmental[link]
dystrophia myotonica[link]
dystrophy, hereditary[link]
dysuria[link], [link]


E
ear:
discharging[link]
external abnormalities[link]
foreign bodies[link]
painful[link]
swimmer’s[link]
echinococcus[link]
ectopic:
ACTH secretion[link]
parathyroid hormone[link]
thyroid tissue[link]
ectropion:
cervical[link]
cervical erosions[link]
eczema:
acute[link]
asteatotic[link]
atopic[link]
contact[link]
discoid[link]
drug-induced[link]
herpeticum[link]
seborrhoeic[link]
varicose[link]
elbow:
lumps around[link]
pain or limitation of movement at the[link]
electrolyte disturbance[link], [link]
severe[link]
elimination, reasoning by[link]
evidence for a finding’s role in[link]
example[link]
probability of replication estimation[link]
proof of theorem[link]
‘stratified’ diagnostic criteria[link]
using very low frequencies or probability densities[link]
encephalitis[link]
endobronchial:
carcinoma[link]
obstruction[link]
endocarditis[link]
bacterial[link], [link], [link]
endocervicitis[link]
endocrine findingssee general and endocrine findings
endocrine symptoms[link]
endometrial:
carcinoma[link], [link]
polyp[link]
proliferation[link]
tuberculosis[link]
endometriosis[link]
endometritis[link]
Entamoeba histolytica[link]
enterocoele[link]
environment, change in[link]
enzyme defect, congenital:
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
ependymoma in spinal cord[link]
epicondylitis[link]
epidermolysis bullosa[link]
epididymal cyst[link]
epididymitis:
acute[link]
chronic[link]
epigastrium:
localized tenderness[link]
masses in[link]
epiglottitis[link]
epilepsy[link], [link], [link]
due to meningitis[link]
due to old brain scar tissue[link]
idiopathic epilepsy—new presentation[link]
known idiopathic[link]
temporal lobe[link]
epileptic fits[link]
episcleritis[link]
episodic heart block[link]
Erb’s palsy[link]
erythema[link]
ab igne[link]
chronicum migrans[link]
induratum[link]
multiforme[link]
due to sarcoidosis[link]
nodosum[link], [link]
palmar[link]
viral toxic[link]
erythrocyte sedimentation rate, very high[link]
erythroderma[link]
Escherichia coli:
enteroinvasive[link]
enterotoxigenic[link]
type 0157 (enterohaemorrhagic)[link]
essential tremor, benign[link], [link]
euthyroid goitre[link]
evidence[link]
general[link], [link][link]
particular[link]
that confirms a diagnosis[link], [link], [link]
that suggests a diagnosis[link], [link]
evidence-based diagnosis and plan[link]
Bayes’ and other rules[link]
clinical trials analysis to ‘stratify’ diagnostic and treatment criteria[link]
‘common cause’, findings that lead to a[link]
decisions[link]
‘differential’ and ‘overall’ likelihood ratios, things that affect[link]
differential likelihood ratios make use of ‘complementing’ differentiation[link]
elimination, reasoning by[link]
evidence for a finding’s role in[link]
example[link]
probability of replication estimation[link]
‘stratified’ diagnostic criteria[link]
using very low frequencies or probability densities[link]
hypotheses, reasoning with[link]
improving treatments by better patient selection or ‘stratification’[link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
probabilities:
grappling with[link]
picturing[link]
probability elimination theorem, proof for reasoning by[link]
statistical independence versus statistical dependence[link]
treatment indication and diagnostic cut-off points, studies to establish[link]
examination:
alimentary and genitourinary systems[link]
blood and urine test results[link]
cardiovascular system[link]
chest X-ray appearances, abnormal[link]
general[link][link]
investigations, interpreting the[link]
mental state[link]
motor function[link]
nervous system[link], [link]
neurological system[link]
physical[link], [link][link]
problem-structuring note[link]
respiratory system[link]
‘routine’ physical[link][link]
sensation[link]
exanthema, viral[link]
exercise, strenuous, normal response to[link]
exophthalmos[link]
exostosis[link]
explaining a diagnostic thought process[link]
extension injuries, neck[link]
extradural haemorrhage[link]
extrapyramidal dysarthria[link]
exudates[link]
eye:
exophthalmos[link]
general examination[link]
iritis (anterior uveitis)[link]
opening[link]
proptosis[link]
strain[link]


F
face[link]
see also facial
facial:
appearance, striking[link]
canal lesion[link]
lump[link]
muscle weakness[link]
nerve palsy[link]
from brain stem ischaemia[link]
from parotid swelling[link]
nerve swelling, from demyelination[link]
sensation, loss of[link]
faecal impaction[link], [link], [link]
with overflow[link], [link]
Fallopian tubes[link]
falsifying facts[link]
family history[link]
plan for writing out the history[link]
fat necrosis[link]
fatigue—‘tired all the time’[link]
faulty:
context information[link]
information gathering and processing[link]
triggering[link]
verification[link]
febrile convulsion[link]
febrile illness, non-specific[link]
femoral:
artery aneurysm[link]
epiphysis, slipped[link]
hernia[link]
nervesee L1/2; L3/4
nerve lesion[link]
fibroadenoma[link]
fibroids[link], [link], [link]
fibromyalgia[link]
fibrosis, severe[link]
finger:
melaena[link]
vasculitic nodules[link]
fingernail:
abnormalities[link][link]
clubbing[link]
fold infarcts[link], [link]
pitting[link]
Terry’s lines[link]
fit[link]
epileptic[link]
flail segment following trauma[link]
flank, resonance in[link]
flatus (gas)[link]
fluid:
intake, poor[link]
overload[link]
volume overload[link]
foetus[link]
folate deficiency[link]
folliculitis[link]
food poisoning[link], [link]
foot:
movements, bilateral weakness of all[link]
pain or limitation of movement[link]
foreign bodies[link]
in ear[link]
frank haemoptysis (sputum streaking)[link]
freckles[link], [link], [link]
Hutchinson’s[link]
frontal lobe:
lesion[link]
tumour[link]
frozen shoulder[link]
‘functional’ fit[link]
fungal infection[link], [link]
furunculosis[link]


G
gait:
abnormality[link]
arms, legs, spine (GALS) system[link]
galactorrhoea[link]
gallbladder, distended[link]
gallstone colic[link]
ganglion[link]
gastric:
erosion[link], [link]
outlet obstruction[link]
ulcer[link], [link], [link]
bleeding[link]
gastroenteritis[link], [link], [link]
viral[link]
gastrointestinal bleed, massive upper[link]
gastrointestinal symptoms and physical signs:
abdomen:
central, acute pain in[link]
central, localized tenderness in[link]
children, acute pain in[link]
children, recurrent pain in[link]
distended[link]
lateral, acute pain in[link]
lower, acute pain in[link]
silent, with no bowel sounds[link]
upper, acute pain in[link]
abdominal:
bruising[link]
/loin bruit[link]
movement, poor[link]
veins, distended[link]
anal swelling[link]
anorectal pain[link]
bilateral mass in upper abdomen[link]
blood, passage of rectally[link]
bowel habit, change in[link]
bowel sounds, high-pitched[link]
constipation[link]
diarrhoea:
acute bloody, ± mucus—‘dysentery’[link]
chronic, in children[link]
recurrent, with blood ± mucus—bloody flux[link]
recurrent, with no blood in the stools, no fever[link]
sudden, with fever and vomiting[link]
watery[link]
dullness:
central, resonance in flank[link]
shifting[link]
dysphagia:
for fluids and solids[link]
for fluids and solids that do not stick[link]
for solids that stick[link]
epigastrium:
localized tenderness in[link]
mass in (umbilical area)[link]
groin, lump in the[link]
haematemesis ± melaena[link]
hepatomegaly:
irregular, not tender[link]
smooth and tender[link]
smooth but not tender[link]
hypogastrium, localized tenderness in[link]
jaundice[link]
hepatic, due to congenital enzyme defect[link]
hepatocellular[link]
obstructive[link]
pre-hepatic, due to haemolysis[link]
left upper quadrant, localized tenderness in[link]
loin, localized tenderness in[link]
mass:
in hypogastrium[link]
in lower quadrant[link], [link]
in upper quadrant[link]
melaena on finger[link]
prostate enlargement[link]
quadrant, lower, localized tenderness in[link]
rectal examination, fresh blood on finger in[link]
right upper quadrant, localized tenderness in[link]
scrotal swelling[link]
splenomegaly:
massive[link]
moderate[link]
slight[link]
tenesmus[link]
throat, sore[link]
vomiting[link]
alone[link]
shortly after food[link]
with abdominal pain alone—non-metabolic causes[link]
with abdominal pain alone—metabolic causes[link]
with abdominal pain and fever[link]
with headache[link]
with weight loss[link]
without weight loss[link]
weight gain[link]
weight loss, unintentional, over weeks or months[link]
gastro-oesophageal reflux[link], [link], [link], [link]
gastroparesis[link]
Gaussian distribution[link]
general and endocrine findings:
abdominal striae[link]
anaemia, clinical[link]
anterior triangle, lump in[link]
body temperature, low[link]
breast lump(s)[link]
clubbing[link]
ear:
abnormalities, external[link]
discharging[link]
painful[link]
elbow, lumps around the[link]
eye:
proptosis or exophthalmos[link]
facial:
appearance, striking[link]
lump[link]
fever[link]
fingernail abnormality[link]
galactorrhoea[link]
general principles[link]
groin lymphadenopathy, localized[link]
gynaecomastia[link]
hair loss:
diffuse[link]
in specific area[link]
hand arthropathy[link]
hirsutism in female[link]
iritis[link]
lymphadenopathy[link]
axillary[link]
mouth lesions[link]
neck lump:
anterior[link]
bilateral[link]
moving with swallowing but not with tongue[link]
neck stiffness[link]
nipple abnormality[link]
obesity[link]
parotid swelling[link]
pharynx and tonsils, red[link]
pigmented creases and flexures[link]
posterior triangle of neck, lump in[link]
pressure sores[link]
purpura[link]
spider naevi[link]
submandibular lump[link]
supraclavicular lump(s)[link]
Terry’s lines[link]
thin, wasted, cachectic[link]
thyroid nodule, solitary[link]
vasculitic nodules on fingers[link]
general examination[link][link]
giant cell arteritis[link], [link], [link]
giant papillary conjunctivitis[link]
Gilbert’s syndrome[link]
gingivitis[link]
glandular fever[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical opinion[link]
investigations[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Glasgow Coma Scale[link], [link]
glaucoma[link], [link]
acute[link]
acute closed-angle[link], [link]
diabetic[link]
glenohumeral joint, osteoarthritis[link]
glioma in spinal cord[link]
globus pharyngeus[link]
glomerulonephritis[link], [link]
glossopharyngeal (9th cranial) nerve lesion[link]
glucocorticoid steroid therapy[link], [link]
glycosuria[link]
goitre[link], [link]
retrosternal[link], [link]
gonococcal cervicitis[link]
gouty tophi[link], [link]
Gradenigo’s syndrome[link]
granulomas[link], [link]
Graves’ disease[link], [link], [link], [link]
groin:
lump[link]
lymphadenopathy, localized[link]
Guillain–Barré syndrome[link], [link], [link]
guttate psoriasis[link], [link]
gynaecomastia[link]


H
haemarthrosis, traumatic[link]
haematemesis[link]
haematocoele[link]
haematology[link]
haematometra[link]
haematuria:
microscopic[link]
painful[link]
painless[link]
haemochromatosis[link]
haemoglobin:
abnormalities[link]
haemolysis[link], [link]
septicaemic[link]
in specimen bottle, spurious result due to[link]
haemolytic uraemic syndrome[link]
haemophilia[link]
haemorrhage[link], [link]
retroperitoneal[link]
haemorrhagic:
stroke[link]
telangiectasia, hereditary[link]
haemorrhoids[link], [link], [link]
bleeding[link]
prolapsed internal[link]
hair loss:
diffuse[link]
in specific area[link]
hallux:
rigidus[link]
valgus[link]
halo melanocytic naevus[link]
hammer toes[link]
hand:
arthropathy[link]
coarse tremor[link]
diminished sensation[link]
fine tremor[link]
general examination[link]
pain or limitation of movement[link]
at rest, odd posture of[link]
tapping[link]
wasting of small muscles[link]
hand, foot, and mouth disease[link]
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis[link]
head:
general examination[link]
injury[link]
with cerebral contusion[link]
lice[link]
hearing loss[link]
see also deafness
heart:
athletic[link]
block:
complete[link]
episodic[link]
variable, with atrial flutter[link]
Wenkenbach[link]
disease, cyanotic congenital[link]
examination[link]
failure[link], [link]
congestive[link]
normal young[link]
sounds, extra[link]
Heberden’s nodes[link]
hemidiaphragm, elevated[link]
hemiparesis[link]
Henoch–Schönlein purpura[link]
hepatic:
carcinoma[link]
failure[link]
jaundice due to congenital enzyme defect:
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
hepatitis[link]
acute alcoholic[link]
drug-induced[link], [link]
infectious[link]
hepatoma[link]
primary[link], [link]
hernia:
femoral[link]
inguinal[link]
descended into scrotum[link]
strangulated[link]
hernial orifice strangulation[link]
herpes:
herpetic whitlow[link]
hiatus hernia[link], [link], [link], [link]
sliding[link]
hilar shadowing, abnormal:
homogeneous[link]
streaky[link]
hip:
congenital dislocation[link]
pain or limitation of movement of the[link]
replacement, problems[link]
hirsutism in a female[link]
histoplasmosis[link]
history of presenting complaints[link]
history taking skills:
case history, interpreting the[link]
completed history[link]
drug history[link]
past medical history[link]
problem-structuring note[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
sore throat[link]
systems enquiry[link]
thoughtful[link]
HIV infection[link], [link]
hoarseness[link]
functional[link]
Hodgkin’s or non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Hoffa’s fat pad syndrome[link]
Holmes–Adie pupil[link]
Horner’s syndrome[link]
housemaid’s knee[link]
Huntington’s chorea[link], [link]
Hutchinson’s freckle[link]
hydatid cyst[link], [link]
hydranitis suppurativa[link]
hydrocoele[link]
hydronephroses:
bilateral[link]
unilateral[link]
hyperaldosteronism, primary[link], [link]
hypercalcaemia[link], [link], [link]
hyperemesis gravidarum[link]
hyperhidrosis[link]
hyperkalaemia[link]
hyperkeratosis[link]
hyperkinetic circulation[link]
hypernatraemia[link]
hyperparathyroidism[link], [link]
hyperphoto-sensitivity, plant chemical[link], [link]
hyperpigmentation[link]
hyperprolactinaemia[link], [link]
hypertension[link]
essential[link]
portal[link], [link]
of pregnancy[link]
pulmonary[link]
renal[link]
severe[link]
temporary[link]
vascular[link]
hypertensive:
ophthalmoscopy appearance[link]
retinopathy[link]
hyperthyroidism[link]
hypertonic plasma with hypervolaemia or hypovolaemia[link]
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy[link], [link], [link]
hypertrophy, prostatic[link], [link], [link]
benign[link]
hyperventilation[link]
hypervolaemia[link]
hypoalbuminaemia[link]
hypocalcaemia[link]
hypocapnia[link]
hypogastrium:
localized tenderness[link]
mass[link]
hypoglossal (12th cranial) nerve lesion[link]
hypoglycaemia[link], [link], [link]
hypoglycaemic episode[link]
hypogonadism[link], [link]
hypokalaemia[link], [link]
hypomania[link]
hyponatraemia[link], [link]
hypoparathyroidism[link]
hypopigmentation[link]
post-inflammatory[link]
hypotension:
idiopathic orthostatic[link]
severe[link]
sudden severe[link]
transient[link]
hypothermia[link], [link]
severe[link]
hypotheses[link]
reasoning with[link]
hypothyroid[link]
goitre[link]
hypotonic hyponatraemia[link]
hypovolaemia[link], [link]


I
ichthyosis[link]
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura[link]
ileotibial band syndrome[link]
illness:
prolonged systemic[link]
severe[link]
immobility[link], [link], [link], [link]
impetigo[link]
bullous[link]
impingement syndrome[link]
inattention[link]
incontinence:
of urine alone[link]
of urine and faeces[link]
incoordination[link]
infective:
infiltration[link], [link]
space-occupying lesion[link]
inflammatory bowel disease[link], [link]
information gathering and processing, faulty[link]
informed consent[link]
infraspinatus tendon[link]
insect bite[link], [link]
inspection:
alimentary and genitourinary systems[link], [link]
respiratory system[link]
intermenstrual bleeding[link]
internal capsule:
bleed, infarct, or tumour[link]
cerebral lesion[link]
internuclear ophthalmoplegia[link]
interstitial:
intestinal:
fistula[link]
malabsorption[link]
tumour, small[link], [link]
intracerebral space-occupying lesion[link]
intracranial:
haemorrhage[link]
pressure, raised[link], [link], [link]
intrauterine contraceptive device[link]
‘intuitive’ reasoning[link]
explaining[link]
intussusception[link], [link]
in children or elderly[link]
inverse probability circuit rule[link]
investigations:
interpretation[link]
problem-structuring note[link]
iridoplegia, traumatic[link]
iritis[link], [link]
iron deficiency[link], [link]
irritable bowel syndrome[link], [link]
ischaemic colitis[link]
itchy scalp[link]
itchy skin:
with lesions but no wheals[link]
with no lesions[link]
with wheals[link]


J
jaundice[link]
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
drug-induced[link]
hepatic, due to congenital enzyme defect[link], [link]
hepatocellular[link], [link], [link], [link]
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
obstructive[link], [link], [link], [link]
pre-hepatic, due to haemolysis[link], [link]
jaw muscle weakness[link]
joint lesion[link]
joint, limb, and back symptoms and signs:
back, pain or limitation of movement of:
with sudden onset over seconds to hours originally[link]
with onset over days to months originally[link]
with onset over years[link]
elbow, pain of limitation of movement of[link]
foot, pain or limitation of movement of[link]
hand, pain or limitation of movement in[link]
hip, pain or limitation of movement of[link]
knee, pain or limitation of movement of[link]
monoarthritis[link]
muscle stiffness or pain[link]
neck, pain or limitation of movement of[link]
polyarthritis[link]
shoulder, pain or limitation of movement in[link]
jugular:
foramen syndrome[link]
vein obstruction[link]
venous pressure, raised[link]
jumper’s knee[link]
junctional naevus[link]
juvenile plantar dermatosis[link]


kala-azar[link]
Kallman’s syndrome[link]
keloid[link]
keratoacanthoma[link], [link]
keratoderma[link]
keratosis pilaris[link]
kidney:
calculus[link]
transplanted[link]
tumour[link]
Klebsiella pneumonia[link]
Klinefelter’s syndrome[link]
Klumpke’s paralysis[link]
knee, pain or limitation of movement of[link]
koilonychia[link]
kyphosis[link]
kyphotic pain[link]


L
L1 posterior root lesion[link]
L1/2 root lesion[link]
L2/3 posterior root lesion[link]
L2/3 root lesion[link]
L3/4 posterior root lesion[link]
L3/4 root lesion[link]
L4/5 posterior root lesion[link]
L4/5 root lesion[link]
L5/S1 root lesion[link]
laboratory tests:
alkaline phosphatase, raised[link]
anaemia:
macrocytic[link]
microcytic[link]
normocytic[link]
C-reactive protein, very high[link]
erythrocyte sedimentation rate, very high[link]
glycosuria[link]
haemoglobin, low[link]
hypercalcaemia[link]
hyperkalaemia[link]
hypernatraemia[link]
hypocalcaemia[link]
hypokalaemia[link]
hyponatraemia[link]
jaundice:
hepatocellular[link]
obstructive[link]
microscopic haematuria[link]
plasma viscosity, very high[link]
proteinuria, asymptomatic[link]
serum urea and creatinine, raised[link]
urine or serum bilirubin, raised[link]
labyrinthitis, acute viral[link]
lactose intolerance[link]
large bowel obstruction[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
laryngeal:
carcinoma,[link]
oedema[link]
papillomas[link]
laryngitis, chronic[link]
laryngomalacia, rapidly progressive[link]
lateral:
collateral ligament tear[link]
medullary syndrome[link]
popliteal nerve palsy[link]
lead poisoning[link], [link]
leads, diagnosticsee diagnostic leads
leg:
arterial disease[link]
examination[link], [link]
oedema[link]
pain:
on standing—relieved by lying down[link]
on walking—intermittent claudication[link]
sensation[link]
swelling:
bilateral[link]
unilateral[link], [link], [link]
veins, prominent[link]
leishmaniasis, visceral[link]
lentigines[link], [link]
leprosy[link]
Leriche’s syndrome[link]
leukaemia[link], [link]
acute lymphoblastic[link]
acute myeloid[link]
chronic[link]
chronic lymphocytic[link]
chronic myeloid[link], [link]
leukaemic joint deposits[link]
leukoplakia[link]
Lewy body dementia[link]
lichen:
sclerosus[link], [link]
simplex chronicus[link], [link], [link]
lifestyle, change in[link]
ligament tears[link]
likelihood[link]
likelihood ratios[link]
elimination, reasoning by[link]
overall[link], [link]
limb:
lower:
disturbed sensation[link]
weakness[link], [link]
see also leg
upper:
disturbed sensation in[link]
examination[link]
sensation[link]
weakness[link]
see also arm
linear IgA disease[link]
linear markings, increased[link]
lipoma[link], [link]
livedo reticularis[link]
liver:
abscess[link]
congestion, acute[link]
disease[link], [link]
chronic[link]
failure[link]
lobar:
cancer, invasive[link]
pneumonia[link], [link]
lobe, collapsed[link], [link], [link]
with no consolidation[link]
locomotor symptoms[link]
loin:
bruit[link]
localized tenderness[link]
longitudinal lines[link]
loose bodies[link]
lumbar:
disc prolapse[link]
spinal stenosis[link]
lung:
carcinoma[link], [link], [link]
cavity[link]
collapse, complete[link]
disease, interstitial[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
haemorrhage[link], [link]
single area of dark[link]
symmetrically dark[link]
lupus:
erythematosus, systemic[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
scleritis[link]
vulgaris[link]
Lyme disease[link]
lymph node:
inflammation[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
pre-auricular[link]
malignancy[link]
metastasis in[link]
secondary to gastric or lung carcinoma[link]
systems enquiry[link]
lymphadenopathy:
axillary[link]
generalized[link]
localized groin[link]
lymphangitis carcinomatosis[link]
lymphatic:
obstruction[link], [link]
lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute[link]


M
macular degeneration[link]
age-related[link]
macule:
brown[link]
pale[link]
malabsorption[link]
malignancy[link], [link]
advanced[link]
mallet toes[link]
Mallory–Weiss tear[link], [link]
mammary dysplasia, benign fibrous[link]
mammillary fistula[link]
management[link]
sieves[link], [link]
mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve lesion[link]
mania[link]
manic depression[link]
March fracture[link]
mastectomy[link]
maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve lesion[link]
measles[link]
mechanical pain[link]
Meckel’s diverticulum[link], [link], [link], [link]
medial:
collateral ligament tear[link]
shelf syndrome[link]
median:
nerve lesion[link]
nerve palsy[link]
mediastinal:
emphysema[link]
masses, extrinsic compression by[link], [link]
medical diagnostic sieves[link], [link]
Mee’s lines[link]
melaena[link]
on finger[link]
melanoma, malignant[link], [link], [link], [link]
Ménière’s disease[link], [link]
meningism due to viral infection[link]
meningitis[link]
bacterial[link], [link]
epilepsy due to[link]
meniscal:
cyst[link]
tears[link]
menopause[link], [link]
menorrhagia[link]
menstruation[link]
mental state examination[link]
mesenteric:
adenitis[link], [link], [link]
artery occlusion[link], [link]
infarction[link]
mesothelioma[link], [link], [link]
metabolic:
acidosis[link]
disturbances[link]
metastases[link], [link]
metastatic:
carcinoma[link]
cells[link]
lymphadenopathy[link], [link], [link]
metatarsalgia[link]
micro-aneurysm, diabetic[link]
micturition syncope[link]
middle:
cerebral artery[link]
ear disease[link]
mid-systolic murmur[link]
migraine[link], [link], [link], [link]
bilateral[link]
miliary:
mottling[link]
tuberculosis[link], [link]
Milroy’s syndrome[link], [link], [link]
miosis, age-related[link]
miscarriage[link]
mitral:
incompetence[link]
stenosis[link], [link], [link], [link]
with pliable valve[link]
with pulmonary hypertension[link], [link]
moles:
flat[link]
pigmented[link]
molluscum contagiosum[link]
monoarthritis[link]
mononucleosis, infectious[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical opinion[link]
investigations[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Morton’s metatarsalgia[link]
motor:
branch of trigeminal nerve[link]
dysphasia[link]
function[link]
neurone[link]
bilateral upper or lower[link], [link]
brainstem[link]
hypoglossal (12th cranial) nerve lesion[link]
lesion[link]
paresis[link]
neuropathy[link]
response, best[link]
mouth lesions[link]
Muehrcke’s lines[link]
multi-infarct dementia[link]
multiple sclerosis[link], [link], [link], [link]
affecting spinal cord[link]
mumps:
parotitis[link]
sialitis[link]
murmurs:
diastolic[link]
mid-systolic[link]
not entirely in systole or diastole[link]
pansystolic[link]
muscle:
deconditioning[link]
disease[link]
adjacent[link]
stiffness or pain[link]
wasting[link]
muscular:
atrophy, progressive[link]
dystrophy[link]
musculoskeletal:
causes of unilateral poor chest expansion[link]
injury or inflammation[link]
myasthenia gravis[link], [link], [link]
mycosis fungoides[link]
myelodysplasia[link]
myelofibrosis[link]
myocardial infarction[link], [link]
acute inferior[link]
myopathy[link]
myxoedema[link]


N
nabothian cysts[link]
naevi:
Becker’s melanocytic[link]
blue[link]
melanocytic[link]
dysplastic[link]
halo melanocytic[link]
junctional[link]
spider[link]
Splitz melanocytic[link]
nail:
fold infarcts[link], [link]
pitting[link]
nasal:
allergy[link]
polyps[link]
necessary criteria[link]
neck:
general examination[link]
lump:
anterior[link]
moving with swallowing but not with tongue[link]
mass, bilateral[link]
pain or limitation of movement at the[link]
posterior triangle, lump in[link]
stiffness[link]
neoplasms[link], [link]
nephritis[link], [link]
nephrotic syndrome[link], [link], [link], [link]
nephrotoxins[link]
nervous system:
examination[link], [link]
full neurological assessment[link]
short CNS examination[link]
symptoms[link]
neuromuscular disease:
acute[link]
complicated by respiratory failure[link]
neuropathy, autonomic[link]
nipple abnormality[link]
no fault errors[link]
‘nodular’ shadows[link]
nodules[link]
non-differential likelihood ratio[link]
non-Hodgkin’s or Hodgkin’s lymphoma[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
non-malignant gastrointestinal diseases[link]
non-parotid lesion[link]
non-specific abdominal pain[link], [link]
‘common cause’[link]
elimination, reasoning by[link], [link]
likelihood ratios[link], [link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
statistical independence versus statistical dependence[link]
non-ST elevation myocardial infarction[link]
normovolaemia[link]
Norwalk virus[link], [link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
nutrition, poor[link]


O
obesity[link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
hypoventilation syndrome[link], [link]
obsessive–compulsive disorder[link]
obstructive:
jaundice:
diagnostic pathway[link]
diagnostic table[link]
sleep apnoea[link]
obturator nerve lesion[link]
occult malignancy, early manifestation of[link]
ocular palsy[link]
oculomotor (3rd nerve):
lesion[link]
paresis[link]
odynophagia[link]
oedema, congenital[link], [link], [link]
oesophageal:
compression, external[link]
spasm[link]
stricture[link], [link]
tumours[link], [link]
varices[link], [link]
oesophagitis[link], [link], [link]
oestrogens[link]
old age[link]
onset, speed of[link], [link]
onycholysis[link]
onychomedesis[link]
opacity, round[link]
‘open mind’ approach[link]
ophthalmic branch of trigeminal nerve lesion[link]
ophthalmoscopy[link]
appearance:
abnormal[link]
abnormal in the diabetic[link]
abnormal in the hypertensive[link]
optic:
atrophy, primary[link], [link]
chiasm lesion[link]
nerve swelling or atrophy[link], [link]
tract lesion[link]
orbital:
cellulitis[link], [link]
tumours[link]
orchitis, acute[link]
orthopnoea[link]
Osler nodes[link]
Osler–Weber–Rendu syndrome[link]
osteoarthritis[link], [link], [link], [link]
acromio-clavicular joint[link]
glenohumeral joint[link]
osteoarthrosis, primary (post-menopausal)[link]
osteochondritis dessicans[link]
osteomalacia[link]
otitis:
externa[link], [link]
ototoxic drugs[link]
outline findings[link]
ovarian:
carcinoma[link]
failure, premature[link]
mass[link]
tumour[link]
overall likelihood ratio[link], [link]
over-diagnosis[link]


P
P map[link], [link]
Aristotle’s syllogism[link]
Bayes’ rule[link]
Paget’s disease[link], [link]
palpation:
alimentary and genitourinary systems[link], [link]
respiratory system[link]
palpitations[link]
pancoast tumour[link]
pancreas:
carcinoma[link]
head of, cancer of[link], [link]
pancreatitis[link], [link], [link]
numerical test results, reasoning with[link]
pancytopenia[link]
panic:
attacks[link]
disorder[link]
pansystolic murmur[link]
papules[link]
paraproteinaemia[link]
parasagittal cerebral meningioma[link]
parasomnias[link]
Parkinson’s disease/Parkinsonism[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
paronychia[link]
parotid:
duct obstruction[link]
infection, suppurative[link]
sarcoidosis[link]
Sjögren’s syndrome[link]
swelling[link]
tumour[link]
parotitis, non-suppurative[link]
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea[link]
past medical history[link], [link]
patella:
subluxation, recurrent[link]
tendinopathy[link]
patent ductus arteriosus[link]
Paterson–Kelly syndrome[link]
pathology testssee laboratory tests
pectus:
carinatum[link]
excavatum[link]
pellagra[link], [link], [link]
pelvic:
endometriosis[link]
examination[link]
floor muscles, weakness[link]
girdle muscle weakness[link]
inflammatory disease[link], [link], [link], [link]
chronic[link]
pemphigoid[link], [link]
gestationis[link]
pemphigus[link], [link]
peptic ulcer[link]
percussion:
alimentary and genitourinary systems[link]
dull to, but not stony dull[link]
hyper-resonant[link]
respiratory system[link]
stony dull[link]
perianal:
abscess[link], [link]
haematoma, spontaneous[link]
pericardial effusion[link], [link]
pericarditis[link], [link]
constrictive[link], [link]
with pericardial friction rub[link]
peripheral:
neuropathy[link], [link], [link]
retinal damage[link]
peritoneal dialysis[link]
peritonitis[link], [link], [link]
chlamydia[link]
peroneal nerve lesion, common[link]
Perthes’ disease[link]
pes:
cavus[link]
planus[link]
petechiae[link]
Peutz–Jegher’s syndrome[link], [link], [link]
phaeochromocytoma[link], [link], [link], [link]
pharyngeal:
movement, abnormal[link]
tumours
pharyngitis:
investigations[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link]
pharynx, red[link]
phenylketonuria[link]
phobia:
simple[link]
social[link]
photosensitive rash[link]
physical examination:
interpretation[link]
‘routine’[link][link]
pigmented creases and flexures[link]
pinna haematoma[link]
pituitary tumour[link]
pityriasis:
alba[link]
lichenoides chronica[link]
rosea[link]
versicolor[link], [link]
plant chemical hyperphotosensitivity[link], [link]
plantar fasciitis[link]
plaques[link]
plasma viscosity, very high[link]
platelet dysfunction[link]
pleural:
effusion[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
contralateral[link]
thickening, severe[link], [link], [link]
pleurisy due to pneumonia[link], [link]
Plummer–Vincent syndrome[link]
pneumoconiosis[link]
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia[link]
pneumonectomy[link], [link]
pneumonia[link], [link], [link]
with pleurisy[link], [link]
‘rounded’[link]
pneumothorax:
chest pain[link], [link]
contralateral tension[link]
hyper-resonant percussion[link]
ipsilateral[link]
reduced breath sounds[link]
reduced tactile vocal fremitus[link]
single area of dark lung[link], [link]
sudden breathlessness[link], [link]
tension[link]
unilateral poor chest expansion[link]
poliomyelitis[link]
polyarteritis nodosa[link]
polyarthritis[link]
polycystic:
ovary syndrome[link], [link], [link], [link]
renal disease[link]
polymorphic light eruptions[link], [link]
polymyalgia rheumatica[link]
polymyositis[link]
polyps, cervical or intrauterine[link]
pompholyx[link], [link]
pontine:
haemorrhage[link]
stroke[link]
popliteal nerve palsy, lateral[link]
Popper, Karl[link], [link]
porphyria[link], [link]
acute intermittent[link]
post-coital bleeding[link]
post-cricoid web[link]
post-ictal state[link]
post-nasal drip[link]
post-thrombotic syndrome[link]
post-traumatic stress disorder[link]
post-viral fatigue[link]
posterior:
carotid artery aneurysm[link]
cruciate ligament tears[link]
fossa tumour[link], [link]
root lesion[link], [link], [link]
triangle of neck, lump in[link]
postural hypotension[link], [link], [link]
syncope:
clinical opinion[link]
problem-structuring notes[link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
posture, neck pain due to[link]
potassium[link]
pre-auricular:
lymph node inflammation[link]
sinus, infected[link]
‘pre-hepatic’ jaundice due to haemolysis:
diagnostic table[link]
diagnostic pathway[link]
pre-renal failure[link]
pregnancy:
abdominal striae[link]
anaemia of[link]