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Other drugs used in psychiatry 

Other drugs used in psychiatry
Chapter:
Other drugs used in psychiatry
Author(s):

Basant K. Puri

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199670444.003.0012
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date: 14 December 2017

Benzodiazepines

Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics

Buspirone

Beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs

Barbiturates

Central nervous system stimulants

Antimuscarinic drugs used in parkinsonism

Drugs used in substance dependence

Drugs for Alzheimer’s disease

During the 1960s benzodiazepines were routinely used as hypnotics (e.g. nitrazepam and temazepam), and anxiolytics (e.g. diazepam and chlordiazepoxide). The Committee on Safety of Medicines have advised that benzodiazepines are indicated for the short-term relief of anxiety that is severe, disabling, or subjecting the individual to unacceptable distress. By short term, the Committee on Safety of Medicines mean a total time period of 2–4 weeks. They also advise that benzodiazepines should only be used to treat insomnia when it is severe, disabling, or causing extreme distress. Again, only short-term use should be made of benzodiazepines as hypnotics....

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