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Problems before agreed psychiatric classifications were available 

Problems before agreed psychiatric classifications were available
Problems before agreed psychiatric classifications were available

John E. Cooper

and Norman Sartorius

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date: 18 November 2018

The problems listed serve to illustrate some of the main problems that develop in the absence of an agreed “common language” that can form the basis of international communication. They range from the diagnoses of individual patients to large-scale national statistics. Sometimes these problems reflect differences in national diagnostic traditions and schools of thought, the study of which is potentially constructive, but sometimes they are due to political and ideological ways of thinking that cannot stand up to rational examination and scientifically-based new knowledge.

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