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Acquired disorders of language and speech 

Acquired disorders of language and speech
Chapter:
Acquired disorders of language and speech
Author(s):

Dalia Abou Zeki

and Argye E. Hillis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199655946.003.0012
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date: 22 September 2018

This chapter describes various disorders of language (clinical aphasia syndromes) and speech articulation (dysarthrias). The most common cause of both aphasia and dysarthria is stroke, which often leads to one of the vascular aphasia syndromes or dysarthria. The vascular aphasia syndromes are collections of deficits in language processes that commonly co-occur because the processes depend on areas of the brain supplied by a particular cerebral artery. They are associated with other motor or visual functions that also depend on that brain region. The chapter also briefly describes other language and speech impairments caused by neurodegenerative disease and other neurological disease.

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