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Pharmacological treatment of dementia 

Pharmacological treatment of dementia
Chapter:
Pharmacological treatment of dementia
Author(s):

Roy W. Jones

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199644957.003.0038
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date: 23 November 2017

This chapter summarises the available clinical evidence for specific pharmacological treatments for dementia with a particular emphasis on practical considerations and realistic expectations of currently available anti-dementia drugs. It covers the treatment of both cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms. The search for specific treatments for dementia has inevitably concentrated on Alzheimer’s disease (AD), partly because it is the commonest cause of dementia and partly because scientific progress has provided more potential therapeutic targets for AD than other dementias. AD is treated with AChEIs (donepezil, galantamine or rivastigmine) and the goals of treatment should be explained at the commencement of treatment. For DLB use AChEI, especially for hallucinations and other behavioural disturbance and consider memantine or increasing dose if BPSD symptoms persist. For VaD look for sources of emboli (e.g. carotid disease) and consider anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation and low dose aspirin. Ensure other relevant conditions (e.g. hypertension and diabetes) are being managed appropriately.

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