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Support, rehabilitation, and interventions in restoring fitness for work 

Support, rehabilitation, and interventions in restoring fitness for work
Chapter:
Support, rehabilitation, and interventions in restoring fitness for work
Author(s):

Mansel Aylward

, Deborah A. Cohen

, and Philip E. Sawney

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199643240.003.0004
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date: 10 December 2017

Prolonged absence from normal activities, including work, is often detrimental to a person’s mental, physical, and social well-being, whereas a timely return to appropriate work benefits the patient and his or her family by enhancing recovery and reducing disability. An approach to rehabilitation based upon a biopsychosocial model is necessary to identify and address the obstacles to recovery and barriers to return to work. It should also meet the needs of those with common health problems who do not recover in a timely fashion. Rehabilitation is dependent on labour market opportunities, and availability, as well as personal capabilities related to the physical and psychological demands of work. A patient’s return to function and work as soon as possible after an illness or injury should be encouraged and supported by employers, health professionals, fellow employees, and rehabilitation service providers. A safe and timely return to work also preserves a skilled and stable workforce and reduces demands on health and social services.

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