Show Summary Details
Page of

Shock 

Chapter:
Shock
Author(s):

Stuart Crisp

and Jo Rainbow

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199605538.003.0004
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 25 February 2018

Pathophysiology 88

Causes 89

Assessment and treatment 90

Shock is the inadequate perfusion of the body's vital organs. Perfusion is dependent on:

cardiac output;

stroke volume (blood expelled from left ventricle);

heart rate.

Factors that reduce any of these basic functions may eventually lead to shock. The result is failure to supply oxygen and substrate to cells as well as impaired removal of their waste products. Anaerobic metabolism and tissue acidosis will result. If there is insufficient compensation to reverse these changes, multiple end-organ failure and death will follow....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.