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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance 

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
Chapter:
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
Author(s):

Dr Manish Motwani

, Dr Roy Jogiya

, and Dr Sven Plein

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199594764.003.0022
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date: 21 September 2018

After the first acquisition with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was published in 1973, MRI of the brain and body entered the clinical arena in the early 1980s. Although the potential of MRI to image the heart was recognized early on, the development of cardiovascular magnetic resonance, usually abbreviated to CMR, was initially hampered by the relatively long image acquisition times and the effects of respiratory and cardiac motion. With the advent of more rapid scan techniques and reliable electrocardiographic (ECG) gating, CMR was increasingly used as a research tool in the late 1980s and made its way into clinical practice soon after. Today, CMR is a highly developed and uniquely versatile imaging modality with multiple clinical applications. The key advantages of CMR compared with other imaging methods are that it does not expose patients to ionizing radiation, that imaging planes can be freely defined, and that many tissue characteristics such as myocardial water, fat, or fibrosis content can be highlighted using an array of CMR methods. The landmark papers highlighted below have each made a particular contribution to the development of CMR as a clinical tool but are ultimately an arbitrary selection from the many outstanding publications in this rapidly expanding field.

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