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Cardiovascular disease 

Cardiovascular disease
Chapter:
Cardiovascular disease
Author(s):

Joan Webster-Gandy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199585823.003.0023
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date: 16 July 2018

Classification, prevalence, and contributing causes 466

Cardioprotective diet 470

Familial hypercholesterolaemia 474

Heart failure 476

Refsum's disease 477

Stroke/cerebrovascular accident 478

Hypertension 484

Peripheral arterial disease 486

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes the following.

Coronary heart disease: narrowing of the lumen of arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle as a result of atheromatous plaque on the arterial walls. This limits the blood supply to the heart muscle causing pain (angina) and breathlessness on exertion. Damaged plaque leads to a clotting response, which may result in a thrombus detaching from the artery wall and occluding the lumen with subsequent heart muscle death (myocardial infarction)....

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