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Pain relief: non-pharmacological 

Pain relief: non-pharmacological
Chapter:
Pain relief: non-pharmacological
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199584673.003.0012
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date: 18 October 2018

Massage 242

Homoeopathic remedies for labour and birth 244

Breathing awareness 246

Hypnosis and visualization 247

Aromatherapy during labour 248

Reflexology during labour 250

Acupuncture in labour and childbirth 252

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation 254

Bach flower remedies during labour 256

The basis of massage is touch, which many midwives incorporate into their care of the labouring woman. Regular massage from 36 weeks and during labour has been shown to reduce levels of stress hormones in women....

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