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The oesophagus 

The oesophagus
Chapter:
The oesophagus
Author(s):

Rogan Corbridge

and Nicholas Steventon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550791.003.13
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date: 18 October 2018

Introduction 244

Globus 246

Chronic cough/throat clearing/laryngeal spasm 248

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and hiatus hernia 250

Neurological causes of swallowing problems 251

Postcricoid web 252

Achalasia 253

Pharyngeal pouch 254

Oesophageal tumours 256

The oesophagus is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach. In adults it is 25cm long. It starts at the level of C6, the cricoid cartilage, and it ends at the gastro-oesophageal junction, or the diaphragm. The cricopharyngeus muscle acts as an upper oesophageal sphincter....

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