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Cervical spine disorders 

Cervical spine disorders
Chapter:
Cervical spine disorders
Author(s):

Howard An

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.003001
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date: 14 December 2018

Degenerative cervical spine disorders may manifest clinically with axial neck pain, radiculopathy, myelopathy, or a combination of these clinical symptoms

The findings on radiographs and MRI are pertinent if they correlate with the clinical symptoms

The initial treatment for patients with degenerative cervical spine disorders is conservative, including non-narcotic analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications, exercise program, physiotherapy, and occasional injections

Surgical indications include significant radicular pain despite conservative treatment, profound neurologic deficits, and presence of significant myelopathy

Surgical treatment for cervical radiculopathy includes lamino-foraminotomy, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and artificial disk replacement, and surgical treatment for myelopathy includes anterior discectomy and/or corpectomy with fusion, posterior laminoplasty, and posterior laminectomy and fusion. The surgeon should be familiar with the specific indications as well as advantages and disadvantages of each procedure.

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