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Subscriber: null; date: 18 November 2018

3-D mapping see mapping
24-hour Holter monitor, investigation of accessory pathways [link]
A
A:V relationship
broad complex tachycardia [link]
induced narrow complex tachycardia [link]
AA intervals [link]
broad complex tachycardia [link]
ablation, development of catheter techniques [link]
ablation energy, radiofrequency energy [link]
ablation frontiers
in persistent AF [link]
pulmonary vein isolation [link]
accessory pathways
anatomy [link]
antegrade [link]
arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
asymptomatic [link]
‘bracketing’ [link]
clinical presentation [link]
ECG localization [link]
effective refractory period [link]
electrogram appearance [link]
electrophysiological studies
antegrade curve [link]
baseline intervals [link]
characteristics during sinus rhythm [link]
consent [link]
patient preparation [link]
purpose [link]
retrograde curve [link]
vascular access [link]
epidemiology [link]
investigations [link]
localization [link]
localization terminology [link]
non-inducibility [link]
pathophysiology [link]
prognosis [link]
retrograde [link], [link]
risk stratification [link]
accessory pathways ablation
appendage-to-ventricular APs [link]
atriofascicular APs [link]
coronary sinus ‘epicardial’ APs [link]
in Ebstein's anomaly [link]
follow-up [link]
left free wall [link]
left-sided, access [link]
mid/anteroseptal [link]
multiple APs [link]
oblique [link]
paraseptal [link], [link]
permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) [link]
in persistent left-sided SVC [link]
post-procedural management [link]
pros and cons of different approaches [link]
right free wall [link]
signs of success [link]
troubleshooting [link]
unusual variants [link]
action potentials [link]
calcium channel-dependent [link]
sodium channel-dependent [link]
activation mapping
common atrial flutter [link]
focal atrial tachycardia [link]
normal patterns [link]
unipolar EGM [link]
ventricular tachycardia [link]
patients with CAD [link]
adenosine [link]
AV node blockade [link]
in confirmation of AP block [link]
differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
effect on atrial tachycardias [link]
in investigation of accessory pathways [link]
response of tachycardias [link]
broad complex tachycardia [link]
narrow complex tachycardia [link]
adenosine challenge [link], [link]
adrenaline [link]
effect on sympathetic tone [link]
adrenaline challenge [link]
after-depolarization (AD) [link]
AH interval [link], [link]
AH jump [link]
antegrade curve [link]
ajmaline challenge [link]
ECG pattern in Brugada syndrome [link]
protocol [link]
alcohol ablation, ventricular tachycardia
complications [link]
technique [link]
amiodarone [link]
discontinuation prior to EPS [link]
anaesthesia [link]
in ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
anatomical anomalies, narrow complex tachycardia [link]
antegrade AP conduction, identification [link]
antegrade AP effective refractory period [link]
antegrade conduction [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link]
dual nodal physiology [link]
key observations [link]
antegrade curve [link]
accessory pathways [link]
AV nodal duality [link]
in bradycardia [link]
in typical AVNRT [link]
antero/mid-septal pathways [link]
anteroseptal accessory pathways, ablation [link]
troubleshooting [link]
anti-arrhythmic drugs [link]
common atrial flutter ablation [link]
discontinuation prior to EPS [link], [link]
discontinuation in ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
anticoagulation
atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
AV junction ablation [link]
common atrial flutter ablation [link]
electrophysiological studies [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
left-sided ablation [link]
non-contact mapping [link]
antidromic AVNRT
electrophysiological characteristics [link]
induction [link], [link]
antidromic AVRT [link]
anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP) [link]
aorta, marking during trans-septal puncture [link]
aortic cusp VT [link]
appendage-to-ventricular accessory pathways [link], [link]
arrhythmia mechanisms
automaticity [link]
differentiation [link]
re-entry [link]
triggered activity [link]
arrhythmia substrates, identification in narrow complex tachycardia [link]
assessment of retrograde conduction [link], [link]
interpretation of retrograde curve [link]
antegrade conduction [link]
parahisian pacing [link]
arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) [link]
differentiation from RVOT tachycardia [link]
ECG features [link]
patient selection for ICD [link]
aspirin
after accessory pathways ablation [link]
and EPS [link]
asymptomatic pre-excitation [link]
atrial activation
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
retrograde curve [link]
atrial activation patterns [link]
atrial appendage-to-ventricular accessory pathways [link], [link]
atrial delay, following His-synchronous ventricular premature beat [link]
atrial echo beats [link], [link], [link]
atrial effective refractory period (AERP) [link]
atrial extrastimuli, single, in narrow complex tachycardia [link]
atrial fibrillation (AF) [link]
during electrophysiological studies [link]
flecainide [link]
mechanism [link]
in patients with ventricular pre-excitation [link]
atrial fibrillation ablation [link], [link]
anticoagulation
intra-operative [link]
peri-operative [link]
AV junction ablation, indications [link]
biophysical parameters [link]
complications [link]
cryoablation [link]
development of technique [link]
electrogram-guided [link]
equipment [link]
generic strategies
in paroxysmal AF [link]
in persistent AF [link]
image integration [link], [link]
informed consent [link]
key anatomical relations [link]
lesion patterns [link]
linear ablation techniques [link]
patient selection [link]
pre-operative imaging [link]
pulmonary vein isolation determination [link]
pulmonary vein isolation techniques [link]
ablation frontiers [link]
3-D mapping [link]
Bordeaux technique [link]
ICE guidance [link]
repeat procedures [link]
sedation versus GA [link]
techniques [link]
wide area circumferential ablation [link]
atrial flutter
atypical [link]
diagnosis [link]
ECG [link]
entrainment [link]
epidemiology [link]
response to adenosine [link]
terminology [link]
atrial pacing
in atrial tachycardia [link]
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
atrial tachycardia [link]
atrial activation [link]
atrial pacing [link]
clinical presentation [link]
cycle length variation [link]
differentiation from other SVTs [link]
entrainment [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
focal atrial tachycardia (FAT) [link]
initiation of tachycardia [link]
invasive electrophysiological testing [link]
investigations [link]
Joint ESC/NASPE Working Group's revised classification [link]
left atrial MRATs [link]
lesion/scar-related MRAT [link]
right atrial MRATs [link]
sinus node tachyarrhythmias [link]
small loop re-entry [link]
tachycardia mechanism identification [link]
termination of tachycardia [link]
terminology [link]
typical (common) atrial flutter [link]
atriofascicular pathways [link], [link]
catheter ablation [link]
pre-excitation [link]
atrio-oesophagreal fistula [link]
atrio-ventricular conduction disorders
AH interval [link]
conduction curves and incremental pacing [link]
determination of site of conduction block [link]
HV interval [link]
role of autonomic influence [link]
atrio-ventricular junction ablation
approaches, comparisons [link]
indications [link]
left-sided approach [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
outcomes [link]
pacing issues [link]
pitfalls and troubleshooting [link]
post-procedure management [link]
right-sided femoral approach [link]
electrogram appearance [link], [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
subclavian approach [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
atrio-ventricular nodal fusion [link]
atrio-ventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) [link], [link], [link]
anatomical basis of AV node duality [link]
antidromic, electrophysiological characteristics [link]
atrial activation [link]
atrial echo beats [link]
atrial pacing during tachycardia [link]
atypical [link]
ablation techniques [link]
bundle branch block [link]
bystander pathways [link]
complications of ablation [link]
cycle length variation [link]
distinction from orthodromic tachycardia [link]
entrainment [link], [link], [link], [link]
His-synchronous ventricular premature beat [link]
indications for ablation [link]
initiation of tachycardia [link]
orthodromic, electrophysiological characteristics [link]
post-pacing interval [link]
response to adenosine [link]
termination of tachycardia [link]
typical [link]
ablation [link], [link]
alternative approaches [link]
avoidance of complete heart block [link]
endpoints [link]
techniques [link]
ECG [link]
EP characteristics in sinus rhythm [link]
EP characteristics in tachycardia [link]
VA time [link]
with 2:1 block [link]
with complete AV block [link]
with VA block [link]
atrio-ventricular node
ablation [link]
duality
anatomical basis [link]
antegrade curve [link]
demonstration [link], [link]
non-inducibility [link]
pharmacological blockade [link]
atrio-ventricular node effective refractory period (AVN ERP) [link]
atrio-ventricular ratio, in narrow complex tachycardia [link], [link]
atrio-ventricular re-entry [link]
atrio-ventricular re-entrant tachycardia (AVRT)
arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
atrial activation [link]
atrial pacing during tachycardia [link]
bundle branch block [link]
cycle length variation [link]
ECG [link], [link]
in sinus rhythm [link]
entrainment [link], [link]
His-synchronous ventricular premature beat [link], [link]
inducibility [link]
induction [link], [link], [link]
orthodromic, ECG [link]
post-pacing interval [link]
response to adenosine [link]
termination of tachycardia [link]
VA time [link]
atrium, contact voltage mapping [link]
atropine [link]
effect on parasympathetic tone [link]
attitudinally correct AP localization terminology [link]
atypical atrial flutter [link]
atypical AVNRT [link], [link]
auto-decremental (ramp) pacing [link]
automaticity [link], [link], [link]
autonomic tone, influence on AV nodal conduction [link]
axillary vein cannulation [link]


B
Bachmann bundle [link]
band pass filtering, EGM [link]
bathing, patient advice [link]
beta-blockers
AV node blockade [link]
effect on sympathetic tone [link]
induction of tachycardias [link]
bidirectional conduction block, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
biplane fluoroscopy [link]
bipolar electrograms [link]
comparison with unipolar EGM [link]
bipolar RF ablation [link]
blanking period, atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
bleeding, discharge advice [link]
blocked sinus impulse, SACT [link]
blood flow, effect on lesion size [link]
Bordeaux technique, pulmonary vein isolation [link]
‘bracketing’ of accessory pathways [link]
bradycardia
assessment of AV conduction disorders [link]
sinus node function assessment [link]
bradycardia–tachycardia syndrome [link]
broad complex tachycardia [link]
atrial activation [link]
bundle branch re-entry [link]
cycle length variation [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
ECG [link]
features favouring VT [link]
in sinus rhythm [link]
in tachycardia [link]
four-step diagnostic approach [link]
His recording [link]
identification of arrhythmia substrates [link]
induction and analysis of tachycardia [link]
pacing manoeuvres [link]
response to vagal manoeuvres and/or adenosine [link]
VH and VA intervals [link]
Brugada syndrome [link]
ajmaline challenge [link], [link]
patient selection for ICD [link]
bundle branch block (BBB) [link]
and broad complex tachycardias [link], [link]
effect in typical AVNRT [link]
during induced tachycardia [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link], [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT [link]
differentiation of His from RBB potential [link]
ECG features [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT ablation
initial setup [link]
intracardiac electrogram [link]
left bundle branch ablation [link]
right bundle branch ablation [link]
standard technique [link]
success and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
bundle branch re-entry [link]
identification [link]
burst pacing [link]
bystander pathways [link]
AVNRT [link]


C
calcium channel-dependent action potential [link]
cannulation see vascular access
cardiac electrophysiology, history [link]
cardiac ischaemia assessment, VT [link]
cardioversion, atrial fibrillation [link]
CARTO mapping
advantages [link]
bipolar voltage map [link]
‘early-meets-late’ algorithm [link]
geometry construction [link]
indications [link]
limitations [link]
right atrial flutter [link], [link]
right ventricular outflow tract [link]
system overview [link]
technical considerations [link]
in ventricular tachycardia [link]
see also mapping
CARTO merge [link]
catecholine sensitivity, differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
catheter ablation, development [link]
catheter choice, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
catheter design [link]
catheter placement [link], [link]
coronary sinus [link]
high right atrium (HRA) [link]
His bundle [link]
right ventricle [link]
catheters, basic setup [link]
cavotricuspid isthmus
(IVC–TA isthmus) [link]
assessment of conduction [link]
differential pacing [link]
right atrial activation sequence [link]
trans-isthmus conduction interval [link]
widely split double potentials [link]
cavotricuspid isthmus ablation [link], [link]
linear [link]
technique [link]
cavotricuspid isthmus tachycardia, characteristics [link]
clopidogrel, and EPS [link]
common atrial flutter [link]
anatomical considerations [link]
classification, mechanism, and ECG features [link], [link]
electrophysiological studies [link]
termination, electrogram appearance [link]
common atrial flutter ablation
3-D mapping systems [link]
anti-arrhythmic drug treatment [link]
catheter and power source [link]
difficult cases [link]
endpoints [link]
differential pacing [link]
right atrial activation sequence [link]
trans-isthmus conduction interval [link]
widely split double potentials [link]
patient information [link]
peri-operative anticoagulation [link]
technique [link]
complete heart block, avoidance in AVNRT ablation [link]
complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) [link], [link]
CARTO mapping [link]
NavX mapping [link]
complications [link], [link], [link]
alcohol ablation of VT [link]
atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
AV junction ablation [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT ablation [link]
epicardial VT ablation [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
RVOT ablation [link]
ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
patients with CAD [link]
concealed accessory pathways [link]
concealed entrainment [link], [link]
atrial tachycardia [link]
concealed fusion [link]
concentric (midline) activation [link]
congenital heart disease, narrow complex tachycardia [link]
consent see informed consent
contact mapping
analysis of arrhythmia activation [link]
combination with non-contact mapping [link]
contact pressure, effect on lesion size [link]
contact voltage mapping
in the atrium [link]
in the ventricle [link]
cooled-tip catheters [link]
coronary angiography, in VT [link]
coronary artery disease, ventricular tachycardia ablation
ablation targets [link]
complications [link]
conventional mapping and ablation [link]
electrogram features [link]
endpoints [link]
localization from ECG [link]
prior investigations [link]
success rates [link]
troubleshooting [link]
coronary sinus (CS) [link]
Thebesian valve [link]
coronary sinus ‘epicardial’ APs [link]
ECG clues [link]
coronary sinus activation pattern, post LACA tachyarrhythmias [link]
coronary sinus catheters [link]
misplacement [link]
positioning from femoral approach [link]
coronary sinus chevron atrial activation pattern [link]
coronary sinus EGM, correlation with surface ECG [link]
coronary sinus flutter [link]
coronary sinus re-entrant tachycardia, ablation [link]
coronary sinus roof ablation, AVNRT [link]
coronary sinus venography [link], [link]
corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRT) [link]
coupling intervals
extrastimulus technique [link]
plot against return cycle length [link]
cranio-caudal atrial activation [link]
crista terminalis (CT) [link]
cryoablation [link]
AVNRT [link]
common atrial flutter [link]
cycle length [link]
narrow complex tachycardia, effect of bundle branch block [link]
re-entrant circuits [link]
cycle length variation
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link]


D
data resolution, contact mapping [link]
day case procedures [link]
DCSlPCS atrial activation [link]
decremental conduction [link]
antegrade curve [link]
retrograde curve [link]
defragmentation (electrogram-guided ablation), atrial fibrillation [link]
paroxysmal AF [link]
persistent AF [link]
delayed after-depolarization (DAD) [link]
delta waves [link], [link]
diagnostic landmarking tool, NavX mapping [link]
diastolic pathway
non-contact mapping [link]
patients with IHD [link]
VT circuits [link]
differential pacing
in assessment of cavotricuspid isthmus conduction [link]
in confirmation of left atrial roof line block [link]
in confirmation of mitral isthmus block [link], [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), patient selection for ICD [link]
discharge advice [link]
distal electrode size [link]
diverticula, coronary sinus [link]
double potentials
in assessment of cavotricuspid isthmus conduction [link]
in common atrial flutter ablation [link]
in confirmation of left atrial roof line block [link]
in confirmation of mitral isthmus block [link], [link]
double trans-septal puncture [link]
doubling of heart rate [link]
drive train, extrastimulus technique [link]
driving, post-procedural advice [link], [link]
dual AV node physiology
anatomical basis [link]
antegrade curve [link]
demonstration [link], [link]
non-inducibility [link]
duration of energy delivery, effect on lesion size [link]
dynamic substrate mapping [link]
MEA [link]


E
early after-depolarization (EAD) [link]
‘early-meets-late’ algorithm, CARTO mapping [link]
Ebstein's anomaly, [link]
accessory pathways [link], [link]
eccentric atrial activation [link]
echo beats, [link]
echocardiography
intracardiac [link]
investigation of accessory pathways [link]
during trans-septal puncture [link]
ectopic automaticity [link]
effective refractory period (ERP) [link]
electroanatomical mapping
AVNRT ablation [link]
in ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
see also mapping
electrocardiography (ECG)
accessory pathways [link]
delta wave and QRS morphology [link]
retrograde P wave morphology [link]
AVNRT, typical [link]
correlation with intracardiac electrogram [link]
broad complex tachycardia [link]
during induced tachycardia [link]
during sinus rhythm [link]
during tachycardia [link]
features favouring VT [link]
ischaemic ventricular tachycardia localization [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link], [link]
during induced tachycardia [link]
during tachycardia [link]
during sinus rhythm [link]
electrode size, effect on lesion size [link]
electrode temperature, effect on lesion size [link]
electrogram-guided ablation, atrial fibrillation [link]
electrograms (EGM) [link]
band pass filtering [link]
bipolar [link]
bipolar versus unipolar [link]
correlation with surface ECG [link]
high pass filtering [link]
low pass filtering [link]
notch filter [link]
unipolar [link]
electropharmacological testing [link]
electrophysiological recording systems [link]
common settings [link]
electrophysiological studies (EPS) [link]
accessory pathways [link]
antegrade curve [link]
in asymptomatic patients [link]
baseline intervals [link]
characteristics during sinus rhythm [link]
consent [link]
patient preparation [link]
purpose [link]
retrograde curve [link]
vascular access [link]
adjunctive drugs [link]
antegrade curve [link]
basic intervals [link]
extrastimulus technique [link]
history [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link]
incremental pacing [link]
indications [link]
outline [link]
patient preparation [link]
normal activation patterns [link]
refractory periods [link]
retrograde curve [link]
ventricular stimulation protocols [link]
endpoints
AVNRT ablation [link]
common atrial flutter ablation [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
RVOT ablation [link]
tissue ablation with substrate mapping [link]
VT ablation, patients with CAD [link]
energy sources [link]
Ensite Array, geometry construction [link]
Ensite Fusion, atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
Ensite multi-electrode array (MEA)
advantages [link]
analysis of arrhythmia activation [link]
indications for use [link]
limitations [link]
system overview [link]
technical considerations [link]
entrainment [link], [link], [link], [link]
in atrial flutter [link]
in atypical AVNRT [link]
differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
pitfalls in interpretation [link]
post LACA tachyarrhythmias [link]
pseudo V-A-A-V response [link], [link]
in typical AVNRT [link]
uses [link]
ventricular tachycardias [link]
measurements [link]
response [link]
entry sites, VT circuits [link]
epicardial accessory pathways [link], [link]
ablation [link]
epicardial coronary arteries, avoidance during epicardial VT ablation [link]
epicardial foci, VT [link]
epicardial ventricular tachycardia, suggestive ECG criteria [link]
epicardial ventricular tachycardia ablation
routes [link]
sub-xiphoid approach [link], [link]
success and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
equipment [link]
electrophysiological recording systems [link]
imaging [link]
mapping systems [link]
remote navigation systems [link]
stimulators [link]
esmolol [link]
eustachian ridge [link], [link], [link]
eustachian valve [link]
excitable gap, re-entrant circuits [link]
exercise
accessory pathways blocks [link]
post-procedural advice [link]
exit sites
patients with IHD [link]
VT circuits [link]
extra ventricular beats [link]
extranodal response, parahisian pacing [link]
extrastimulus technique [link]
retrograde conduction assessment [link]
ventricular stimulation [link]
protocol variations [link]
Wellens protocol [link]
extrathoracic subclavian vein cannulation [link]


fascicular tachycardia [link]
ECG features [link]
mechanism [link]
fascicular VT ablation
3-D mapping [link]
endpoints [link]
induction and catheter setup [link]
intracardiac electrograms [link], [link]
optimal ablation site [link]
standard ablation technique [link]
success rates and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
fasciculoventricular pathways [link]
fast pathway, AVNRT [link]
ablation [link]
fast-slow AVNRT [link]
femoral artery
anatomy [link]
cannulation [link]
femoral vein
anatomy [link]
cannulation [link]
fentanyl [link]
filter settings, non-contact mapping, VT ablation [link]
flecainide [link]
in termination of atrial fibrillation [link]
fluoroscopy [link]
anteroseptal accessory pathways [link]
AV junction ablation
left-sided approach [link]
right-sided femoral approach [link]
subclavian approach [link]
common atrial flutter ablation, retroflexion [link]
epicardial VT ablation [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
IVC-TA isthmus ablation [link]
left-sided AP ablation [link]
paraseptal AP ablation [link]
pulmonary vein isolation [link]
typical AVNRT ablation [link]
focal atrial tachycardia (FAT) [link]
3-D electroanatomical mapping [link]
ablation [link]
activation mapping [link]
arrhythmia induction [link]
classification, mechanism, and ECG features [link]
confirmation of diagnosis [link]
conventional mapping [link]
determination of chamber of origin [link]
differentiation from MRATs [link]
epidemiology [link]
post LACA, ablation [link]
response to adenosine [link]
follow-up [link]
after accessory pathways ablation [link]
fossa ovale [link]
anatomical variations [link]
freeze mapping [link]
functional aberration, BBB [link]
functional blocks, infarct-related VT [link]
functional refractory period (FRP) [link], [link]
fused entrainment [link], [link], [link]


G
gap phenomena [link]
general anaesthesia [link]
in ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
geometric mapping, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
geometry construction [link]
practical tips [link]


H
Hansen robotic system [link]
heparin see anticoagulation
HH intervals [link]
high intensity frequency ultrasound (HIFU) [link]
high pass filtering, EGM [link], [link]
high right atrial pacing, antegrade conduction [link]
high right atrium catheter placement [link]
high right atrium earliest activation pattern [link]
high right atrium EGM, correlation with surface ECG [link]
His bundle [link]
His bundle catheters [link]
marking of aortic root position [link]
misplacement [link]
His bundle EGM, correlation with surface ECG [link]
His potential, differentiation from RBB potential [link]
His recording, in broad complex tachycardia [link]
problems [link]
His-synchronous atrial extrastimulus [link]
His-synchronous ventricular premature beat (VPB) [link], [link], [link]
and typical AVNRT [link]
Holter monitor, investigation of accessory pathways [link]
HV interval [link], [link]
in pre-excitation [link]
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) [link]
patient selection for ICD [link]


I
ICE guidance, pulmonary vein isolation [link]
idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia see fascicular tachycardia
image acquisition [link]
image integration [link]
CARTO merge [link]
NavX Fusion [link]
potential pitfalls [link]
registration [link]
segmentation [link]
image quality, influencing factors [link]
imaging equipment [link]
impedance-based catheter localization
in VT ablation [link]
see also mapping
implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) [link]
efficacy in reduction of sudden death [link]
patient selection [link]
inappropriate sinus tachycardia, ablation strategies [link]
incisional tachycardias
MRAT, ablation [link]
substrate mapping [link]
incremental pacing [link], [link]
indifferent electrode [link]
induced narrow complex tachycardia [link]
A:V relationship [link]
analysis [link]
atrial activation pattern [link]
bundle branch block [link]
cycle length variation [link]
ECG features [link]
septal VA interval [link]
inducibility [link]
induction of tachycardia
broad complex [link]
typical AVNRT [link], [link]
infarct-related ventricular tachycardia [link]
inferior vena cava, interrupted [link]
informed consent [link]
in EPS with accessory pathways [link]
inpatient care [link]
interatrial septum
anatomy [link]
contrast staining [link]
intermittent pre-excitation [link]
internal cardioversion, atrial fibrillation [link]
internal jugular vein cannulation [link]
interpolated extrastimulus, SACT [link]
intervals [link]
intra-atrial re-entry [link]
intracardiac echocardiography [link]
intracardiac electrograms [link]
intravenous access, peripheral [link]
intrinsic deflection, bipolar EGM [link]
isochronal mapping
CARTO [link]
MEA [link]
isopotential mapping, MEA [link]
isoprenaline [link]
effect on sympathetic tone [link]
IVC–TA isthmus see cavotricuspid isthmus


J
junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) [link]
junctional rhythms, during AVNRT ablation [link]


K
Kaye's sign [link], [link]
Koch, triangle of [link], [link]
location of AVNRT pathways [link], [link]


L
laboratory layout [link]
laser ablation [link]
latency [link]
latent pre-excitation [link], [link]
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
risk of sudden death [link]
left atrial appendage [link]
left atrial circumferential ablation (LACA) [link]
left atrial floor ablation, AVNRT [link]
left atrial roof flutter [link]
left atrial roof line ablation [link], [link]
left atrial tachycardias, characteristics [link]
left atrium (LA), anatomy [link]
left atrium compartmentalization [link]
left bundle branch ablation [link]
left bundle branch block (LBBB) [link]
left bundle branch potential, features [link]
left free wall accessory pathways, ablation [link]
troubleshooting [link]
left ventricle (LV), anatomy [link]
left ventricular outflow tract VT [link]
left-sided ablation
anticoagulation [link]
AV junction [link], [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
left-sided accessory pathways [link]
access [link]
lesion-related MRAT [link]
ablation [link]
lesion size, influencing factors [link]
lidocaine [link]
ligament of Marshall [link]
linear left atrial ablation [link], [link]
in persistent AF [link]
local activation time (LAT) maps, CARTO mapping [link]
local fusion [link]
long QT syndrome [link]
adrenaline challenge [link]
ECG features [link]
long RP tachycardia [link], [link]
low pass filtering, EGM [link]
lower loop re-entry MRAT [link], [link]


M
macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (MRAT) [link], [link]
differentiation from FAT [link]
ECG [link]
identification of mechanism [link]
left atrial [link], [link]
lesion/scar-related [link]
response to adenosine [link]
right atrial [link], [link]
typical atrial flutter [link]
MADIT trials [link]
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy [link]
in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [link]
in ventricular tachycardias [link]
Mahaim-type accessory pathways [link]
manifest pre-excitation [link]
mapping [link], [link]
of accessory pathways [link]
analysis of arrhythmia activation
contact mapping [link]
non-contact mapping [link], [link]
in atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
AVNRT ablation [link]
CARTO mapping [link]
in common atrial flutter [link]
in fascicular VT [link]
in focal atrial tachycardia [link]
geometry construction [link]
image integration [link]
NavX mapping [link]
in post LACA tachyarrhythmias [link]
in pulmonary vein isolation [link]
of right ventricular outflow tract [link]
substrate mapping [link]
in ventricular tachycardia [link], [link], [link]
patients with CAD [link]
Marshall, ligament of [link]
mesh maps, CARTO mapping [link]
microreentrant focal atrial tachycardia [link]
microwave ablation [link]
midazolam [link]
mid-diastolic potentials, ventricular tachycardias [link]
midline (concentric) activation [link]
right ventricular pacing [link]
midline atrial activation [link]
septal VA interval [link]
mid-septal accessory pathways ablation [link]
troubleshooting [link]
mitral isthmus ablation [link], [link]
determination of block [link]
monitoring, peri-procedural [link]
monomorphic ventricular tachycardia [link]
multi-electrode array (MEA) [link]
advantages [link]
analysis of arrhythmia activation [link]
indications [link]
limitations [link]
right atrial EPS [link]
system overview [link]
technical considerations [link]
multiple accessory pathways [link]
multiple foci, VT [link]
multiple short burns, AVNRT ablation [link]
multiple wavelet model, AF [link]
MUSTT trial [link]


N
narrow complex tachycardia (supraventricular tachycardia) [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
abnormal anatomy/congenital heart disease [link]
atrial pacing manoeuvres during tachycardia [link]
bundle branch block [link]
cycle length variation [link]
effect of adenosine [link]
four-step diagnostic approach [link]
ECG data [link]
identification of arrhythmia substrates [link]
induction and analysis of tachycardia [link]
long RP tachycardia [link]
non-inducibility [link]
His-synchronous ventricular premature beat [link], [link], [link]
induction of bundle branch block [link]
ventricular entrainment [link], [link], [link]
response to IV adenosine [link]
three-catheter studies [link]
two-catheter studies [link]
narrow complex tachycardia with V > A [link]
NavX Fusion [link]
NavX mapping
diagnostic landmarking [link]
geometry construction [link]
image integration [link]
indications [link]
limitations [link]
system overview [link]
technical considerations [link]
see also mapping
nodal response, parahisian pacing [link]
nodofascicular pathway [link], [link], [link]
nodoventricular accessory pathways [link]
non-contact mapping
advantages [link]
analysis of arrhythmia activation [link]
indications [link]
limitations [link]
right atrial EPS [link]
right ventricular outflow tract [link]
sinus node modification [link]
system overview [link]
technical considerations [link]
ventricular tachycardias [link]
pitfalls and limitations [link]
practical use [link]
non-contact substrate mapping [link]
non-decremental conduction [link], [link]
non-inducibility
accessory pathways [link]
AV node duality [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT [link]
fascicular VT [link]
narrow complex tachycardia [link]
non-ischaemic scar-related VT [link]
notch filter, EGM [link]


O
oblique accessory pathways [link]
orthodromic AVNRT
electrophysiological characteristics [link]
induction [link]
orthodromic AVRT [link]
atrial activation [link]
ECG [link]
His-synchronous ventricular premature beat [link]
orthodromic tachycardia, distinction from AVNRT [link]
overdrive acceleration, differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
overdrive suppression, differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]


P
P waves
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
localization of accessory pathways [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link], [link]
PA interval [link]
pacemaker programming, post-AV junction ablation [link]
pace mapping, ventricular tachycardias [link], [link]
patients with CAD [link]
pace termination [link]
differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
pacing manoeuvres
accessory pathways [link]
in atrio-ventricular junction ablation [link]
broad complex tachycardia [link]
in diagnosis of narrow complex tachycardia [link]
paediatric patients
anaesthesia [link]
catheter setup [link]
parahisian accessory pathways, ablation [link]
parahisian pacing [link], [link]
accessory pathways [link]
extranodal response [link]
nodal response [link]
paraseptal accessory pathways, ablation [link]
troubleshooting [link]
parasympathetic tone [link]
paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, generic ablation strategies [link]
paroxysmal post LACA tachyarrhythmias, generic approach [link]
paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) [link]
patent foramen ovale (PFO), trans-septal puncture [link]
pathway-to-pathway tachycardia, [link]
AVRT [link]
patient information [link]
common atrial flutter ablation [link]
patient preparation [link]
ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
pericarditis, after epicardial VT ablation [link]
peri-mitral flutter [link]
ablation [link]
entrainment [link]
mitral isthmus ablation [link]
peri-mitral tachycardias, characteristics [link]
peri-nodal atrial tachycardia, ablation [link]
permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) [link]
permanent pacing, in atrio-ventricular junction ablation [link]
persistent atrial fibrillation, generic ablation strategies [link]
persistent left-sided superior vena cava
accessory pathways [link], [link]
venogram [link]
phrenic nerve injury, sinus node ablation [link]
polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (Torsades de Pointes) [link], [link]
ablation [link]
post-cardiotomy epicardial VT ablation [link]
postero-septal pathways [link]
post incisional tachycardia, characteristics [link]
post LACA tachyarrhythmias [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
ablation [link], [link]
characteristics [link]
generic approach [link], [link]
identification of arrhythmia mechanism [link]
post-pacing interval (PPI) [link]
AVRT and AVNRT [link]
entrainment [link]
post-procedural advice [link]
accessory pathways ablation [link]
post-procedural management
accessory pathways ablation [link]
AV junction ablation [link]
postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) [link]
power, effect on lesion size [link]
power titration, mid/anteroseptal AP ablation [link]
PR interval [link]
pre-excitation [link], [link]
antegrade curve [link]
asymptomatic [link]
atrial fibrillation [link]
baseline intervals [link]
in broad complex tachycardia [link], [link]
risk stratification [link]
risk of sudden death [link]
pre-excited AF [link]
pressure monitoring, in trans-septal puncture [link]
procainamide [link]
programmed stimulation [link]
differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
inducing arrhythmia [link]
programmed ventricular stimulation [link]
in patient selection for ICD [link]
propagation maps, CARTO mapping [link], [link]
pseudo-block, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
pulmonary vein dissociation, electrogram appearance [link]
pulmonary vein isolation [link]
3-D mapping [link]
ablation frontiers [link]
Bordeaux technique [link]
determination of [link]
ICE guidance [link]
in paroxysmal AF [link]
in persistent AF [link]
pulmonary vein potentials [link]
pulmonary veins, anatomy [link]
pulmonary vein stenosis, after atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
pulmonary vein tachycardia [link]
ablation [link]
characteristics [link]
Purkinje network [link]
Purkinje potentials [link]
troubleshooting [link]
pyramidal space [link]


Q
Q waves [link]
QRS alternans [link]
QRS complex
features favouring VT [link]
in induced narrow complex tachycardia [link]
in induced broad complex tachycardia [link]
localization of accessory pathways [link]
QRS fusion, entrainment pacing [link]


R
radiation doses [link]
radiofrequency (RF) energy [link]
radiofrequency application, complications [link]
ramp (auto-decremental) pacing [link]
rapidly firing foci model, AF [link]
recurrence, after atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
redo ablation
accessory pathways [link]
atrial fibrillation [link]
re-entrant arrhythmia
contact mapping [link]
initiation [link]
pathophysiology [link]
re-entrant ventricular tachycardias [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT [link]
infarct-related [link]
non-ischaemic scar-related VT [link]
principles of ablation [link]
re-entry [link], [link]
refractory period [link], [link]
accessory pathways [link]
registration, image integration [link]
relative refractory period (RRP) [link], [link]
remote navigation systems [link]
in atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
repetitive ventricular response [link]
resetting [link], [link]
differentiation of arrhythmia mechanisms [link]
resistive heating [link]
‘re-touching’, atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
retroflexion technique, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
retrograde AP effective refractory period [link]
retrograde conduction
in broad complex tachycardia [link]
identification [link]
in narrow complex tachycardia [link], [link]
RV pacing [link]
retrograde curve [link]
accessory pathways [link]
extrastimulus technique [link]
interpretation [link]
in typical AVNRT [link]
retrograde latency [link]
reverse typical atrial flutter [link], [link]
right atrial activation sequence, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
right atrial flutter
ablation [link]
CARTO mapping [link], [link]
right atrial MRATs [link]
right atrial tachycardias, characteristics [link]
right bundle branch ablation [link]
right bundle branch block
in fascicular tachycardia [link]
‘traumatic’ [link]
right bundle branch potential
differentiation from His potential [link]
troubleshooting [link]
right free wall accessory pathways [link]
ablation [link]
troubleshooting [link]
right ventricle (RV), anatomy [link]
right ventricle catheter placement [link]
right ventricular EGM, correlation with surface ECG [link]
right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), anatomy [link]
right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia [link]
ECG features [link]
differentiation from ARVC [link]
right ventricular outflow tract VT ablation
3-D mapping [link]
ablation technique [link]
ECG localization [link]
endpoints [link]
induction and catheter setup [link]
success rates and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
right ventricular pacing
midline activation pattern [link]
retrograde conduction [link]
right-sided femoral approach, AV junction ablation [link], [link]
electrogram appearance [link], [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
risk stratification, accessory pathways [link]
rotor ablation, atrial fibrillation [link]
rotor mapping [link], [link]


S
sawtooth ECG pattern, typical atrial flutter [link], [link]
scar mapping, ventricular tachycardias [link]
scarred tissue, pace mapping [link]
scar-related tachycardias
MRAT [link]
substrate mapping [link]
scars, effect on lesion size [link]
sedation [link]
in ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
segmentation, image integration [link]
sensed extrastimuli [link]
sensing window calculation, contact mapping [link]
septal accessory pathway, distinction from AVNRT [link]
septal VA interval with midline atrial activation [link]
sino-atrial (SA) node [link]
sino-atrial conduction time (SACT) [link]
measurement [link]
sinus node ablation [link]
sinus node modification [link]
non-contact mapping [link]
sinus node recovery time (SNRT) [link]
sinus node re-entrant tachycardia (SNRT) [link], [link]
ablation [link]
ECG [link]
response to adenosine [link]
sinus rhythm, antegrade conduction [link]
slow pathway AVNRT [link]
modification [link], [link]
electrogram appearances [link]
slow-fast AVNRT see typical AVNRT
slow-slow AVNRT [link]
small loop re-entrant atrial tachycardia (SLRAT), post LACA, ablation [link]
small loop re-entry tachycardia (SLRT) [link]
sodium channel-dependent action potential [link]
spatial excitable gap, re-entrant circuits [link]
spot welding, common atrial flutter ablation [link], [link]
Stereotaxis system [link]
stimulators [link]
stroke, after atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
subclavian approach, AV junction ablation [link]
subclavian vein cannulation [link]
substrate mapping [link]
ventricular tachycardias [link]
sub-xiphoid approach, ventricular tachycardia ablation [link], [link]
success rates
atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
AV junction ablation [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT ablation [link]
epicardial VT ablation [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
RVOT ablation [link]
ventricular tachycardia ablation [link]
patients with CAD [link]
sudden cardiac death
ARVC [link]
risk assessment
electropharmacological testing [link]
programmed ventricular stimulation [link]
risk factors [link]
risk in ventricular pre-excitation [link]
supraventricular tachycardia, see narrow complex tachycardia
surface ECG
correlation with intracardiac electrogram [link]
sustained arrhythmia, programmed stimulation [link]
sustained monomorphic VT [link]
sympathetic tone [link]
syncope, in atrial tachycardia [link]
syndrome of inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) [link], [link]


T
tachycardia–bradycardia syndrome, AV junction ablation [link]
tachycardia induction, narrow complex tachycardia [link]
A:V relationship [link]
analysis of initiation [link]
analysis of termination [link]
atrial activation pattern [link]
septal VA interval [link]
tamponade, after atrial fibrillation ablation [link]
temporal excitable gap, re-entrant circuits [link]
temporary pacing, in atrio-ventricular junction ablation [link]
tendon of Todaro [link], [link]
termination of broad complex tachycardia [link]
termination of narrow complex tachycardia
analysis [link]
ECG features [link]
termination of typical AVNRT [link]
Thebesian valve [link]
three-catheter studies, narrow complex tachycardia [link]
Todaro, tendon of [link], [link]
Torsades de Pointes (polymorphic VT) [link]
traditional AP localization terminology [link]
transaortic approach
AV junction ablation [link], [link]
fluoroscopic positioning [link]
left-sided APs [link]
transient atrial overdrive pacing [link]
transient entrainment responses, atrial tachycardia [link]
trans-septal approach, left-sided APs [link]
trans-septal needles [link]
trans-septal puncture
anatomy [link]
cautions [link]
complications [link]
difficulties [link]
double access [link]
equipment [link]
indications [link]
procedure [link], [link]
technical variations [link]
trans-septal sheaths [link]
management [link]
transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)
investigation of accessory pathways [link]
in VT [link]
‘traumatic’ RBBB [link]
trial of ablation, post LACA tachyarrhythmias [link]
triangle of Koch [link], [link]
location of AVNRT pathways [link], [link]
triggered activity [link]
triggered ventricular tachycardias [link]
troubleshooting
AV junction ablation [link]
accessory pathway ablation [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT ablation [link]
common atrial flutter ablation [link]
epicardial VT ablation [link]
fascicular VT ablation [link]
right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) VT ablation [link]
two-catheter studies, narrow complex tachycardia [link]
typical (slow–fast) AVNRT [link]
ablation [link], [link]
alternative approaches [link]
avoidance of complete heart block [link]
endpoints [link]
techniques [link]
ECG [link]
EP characteristics in sinus rhythm [link]
EP characteristics in tachycardia [link]


U
unipolar electrograms [link]
comparison with bipolar EGM [link]
upper loop re-entry MRAT [link], [link]


V
VA conduction, in broad complex tachycardia [link]
VA interval, broad complex tachycardia [link]
VA time [link]
V-A-A-V sequence, ventricular entrainment [link], [link]
pseudo V-A-A-V response [link], [link]
vagal manoeuvres, response of broad complex tachycardias [link]
vascular access [link], [link]
discharge advice [link]
limited [link]
lower extremity [link]
upper extremity [link]
V-A-V sequence, ventricular entrainment [link], [link]
venograms, upper extremity [link]
ventricle, contract voltage mapping [link]
ventricular echo [link]
ventricular entrainment see entrainment
ventricular fibrillation [link]
idiopathic [link]
mechanism [link]
ventricular pre-excitation see pre-excitation
ventricular premature beat (VPB), His-synchronous [link], [link], [link]
ventricular stimulation protocols [link]
general principles [link]
procedure [link]
protocol variations [link]
Wellens protocol [link]
ventricular tachycardia ablation
access [link]
alcohol ablation
complications [link]
technique [link]
aortic cusp [link]
automatic vs. re-entrant mechanisms [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT
differentiation of His from RBB potential [link]
initial setup [link]
intracardiac electrogram [link]
standard ablation technique [link]
success and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
complications [link]
development of technique [link]
electroanatomical mapping [link]
epicardial foci [link]
routes [link]
sub-xiphoid approach [link]
success and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
fascicular VT
3-D mapping [link]
endpoints [link]
induction and catheter setup [link]
intracardiac electrograms [link], [link]
optimal ablation site [link]
standard ablation technique [link]
success rates and complications [link]
troubleshooting [link]
impedance-based catheter localization [link]
left ventricular outflow tract [link]
multiple foci [link]
non-contact mapping [link]
clinical experience [link]
pitfalls and limitations [link]
practical use [link]
patient preparation [link]
patients with CAD
ablation targets [link]
complications [link]
conventional mapping and ablation [link]
electrogram features [link]
endpoints [link]
localization from ECG [link]
prior investigations [link]
success rates [link]
troubleshooting [link]
polymorphic VT/VF [link]
RVOT
3-D mapping [link]
ECG localization [link]
endpoints [link]
induction and catheter setup [link]
success rates and complications [link]
technique [link]
troubleshooting [link]
substrate/scar mapping [link]
success rates [link]
ventricular tachycardias (VT) [link]
arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) [link], [link]
atrial pacing [link]
bundle branch re-entrant VT [link]
entrainment pacing [link], [link]
measurements [link]
response [link]
fascicular tachycardia [link]
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [link]
idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
induction [link]
infarct-related [link]
initiation [link]
intracardiac electrograms [link]
investigations [link]
mapping [link], [link]
mechanisms [link]
mid-diastolic potentials [link]
right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia [link]
termination [link]
VA and VH intervals [link]
verapamil [link]
AV node blockade [link]
VH interval, broad complex tachycardia [link]
VH jump entry [link]
voltage maps
CARTO mapping [link]
NavX mapping [link]
VV intervals, broad complex tachycardia [link]


W
warfarin see anticoagulation
wavelength, re-entrant circuits [link]
Wellens protocol [link]
Wenckeback conduction [link]
wide area circumferential ablation, left atrium [link]
widely split double potentials, common atrial flutter ablation [link]
window of sensing, contact mapping [link]
Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome
definition [link]
initiation of tachycardia [link]


Z
zone of reset [link]