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Anorexia and cachexia 

Anorexia and cachexia
Chapter:
Anorexia and cachexia
Author(s):

Dorothy Wholihan

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199332342.003.0009
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date: 12 November 2018

Anorexia/cachexia syndrome (ACS) is recognized as a serious aspect of advanced or terminal illness and as an area requiring further research with respect to its pathophysiology and treatment options. The management of ACS is complicated by numerous obstacles, including lack of clear definitions and guidelines, inconsistency in assessment and management strategies, and knowledge deficits about this complex clinical syndrome in health professionals and caregiving families. The challenge is compounded by the interwoven emotional symbolism of food and nurturance. Palliative care nurses are optimally situated to coordinate and drive the necessary multidisciplinary approach to address anorexia and cachexia in advanced, progressive disease.

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