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Structural abnormalities 

Structural abnormalities
Structural abnormalities

Nick Archer

and Nicky Manning

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date: 13 December 2018

Introduction 70

Classification of structural abnormalities 72

This chapter gives an overview of how structural cardiac anomalies—which are then described in detail in the following chapters—have been grouped. The following points apply throughout:

It is essential to begin by establishing left and right sides of the fetus before going on to define the morphological features of each chamber and vessel and to demonstrate the cardiac connections (...

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