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Subscriber: null; date: 30 March 2017

Note: Numbers in italic refer to tables and/or illustrations separate from the text.

Species names for animals, plants, fungi and insects are listed by their Latin names, followed by their common name where appropriate.

C1 esterase inhibitor, reference values [link]
C1 inhibitor [link], [link]
antibodies [link]
deficiency [link], [link]
C1q, deficiency [link]
C1r, deficiency [link]
C1s [link]
deficiency [link]
C2, [link]
deficiency [link]
C3 [link], [link]
deficiency [link]
unregulated activation [link], [link]
C3 nephritic factor [link]
C3a [link]
C3b [link]
C4 [link], [link]
deficiency [link]
C4b [link]
C4-binding protein [link]
C5, deficiency [link]
C5a [link]
C6, deficiency [link]
C7, deficiency [link]
C8, deficiency [link]
C9, deficiency [link]
CA125, reference values [link]
CA19–9, reference values [link]
Cabassou virus [link]
cabergoline
prolactinoma [link]
in pregnancy [link]
Cabot’s rings [link]
Cacipacore virus [link]
caclizumab [link]
CADASIL [link]
cadmium
carcinogenesis [link], [link]
poisoning [link], [link], [link]
skeletal effects [link]
reference values [link]
reproductive effects [link]
caeruloplasmin [link]
reference values [link]
caffeine
in breast milk [link]
orthostatic hypotension [link]
performance enhancement [link]
in pregnancy [link]
caftazidime, pneumonia [link]
Caisson disease [link]
calamine [link]
calcidiol
CKD-MBD [link]
deficiency [link], [link]
calcific arteriolopathy [link]
calcific periarthritis [link], [link]
calcific tendinitis [link]
calcification [link]
ectopic, of renal disease [link]
calcineurin inhibitors
adverse effects [link], [link]
effects on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system [link]
post-transplantation [link], [link], [link], [link]
psoriasis [link]
calcinosis cutis [link]
calcinosis [link]
calciotropic hormones, ectopic secretion [link]
calciphylaxis [link], [link]
calcipotriol [link]
calcitonin gene-related peptide [link], [link]
calcitonin
calcium balance [link]
ectopic secretion [link]
hypercalcaemia [link]
Paget’s disease [link]
reference values [link]
calcitriol, CKD-MBD [link]
calcium antagonists
acute coronary syndromes [link]
angina [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link]
and exercise testing [link]
heart failure [link]
hypertension [link], [link], [link]
hypertensive emergencies [link]
mode of action [link]
poisoning [link]
antidote [link]
pulmonary arterial hypertension [link]
Raynaud’s phenomenon [link]
in renal failure [link]
STEMI [link]
see also individual drugs
calcium balance [link], [link]
calcitonin [link]
parathyroid hormone [link]
parathyroid-hormone-related protein [link]
vitamin D [link], [link]
calcium channel blockers see calcium antagonists
calcium channels [link]
calcium gluconate, drug interactions [link]
calcium oxalate [link]
stones [link]
calcium phosphate stones [link], [link]
calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease [link]
calcium sodium edetate [link]
calcium
CKD-MBD [link]
dietary reference values [link]
homeostasis [link], [link][link], [link]
hyperkalaemia [link]
malabsorption [link]
osteoporosis [link]
reference intake [link]
reference values [link], [link]
children [link]
requirements in pregnancy [link]
serum, control of [link], [link]
stones [link]
genetics and environment [link], [link]
pathology/pathogenesis [link], [link][link]
prevention [link]
urinary [link]
calcium-sensing receptor abnormalities [link]
caliciviruses [link]
diarrhoea [link]
epidemiology [link]
immune response [link]
replication [link]
structure and classification [link], [link]
California encephalitis [link], [link]
Callilepsis laureola (impila) poisoning [link]
Calliphora spp. [link]
Calliphoridae (Congo floor maggot) [link], [link]
Calloselasma rhodostoma (Malayan pit viper) [link], [link]
antivenom [link]
calnexin [link]
Calotropis spp. [link]
Calovo virus [link]
calprotectin [link]
faecal [link]
calreticulin [link]
calsequestrin [link]
Calyptra eustrigata [link]
Calyptra eustrigata [link]
cAMP response element binding proteins see CREBs
Campbell de Morgan spots [link]
camphor [link]
campomelic dysplasia [link]
mutations in [link]
Campylobacter gracilis [link]
Campylobacter jejuni [link], [link]
Campylobacter spp. [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link]
pathogenesis [link]
treatment [link]
Camurati-Engelmann disease [link], [link], [link], [link]
Canale-Smith syndrome [link]
Canavan’s disease [link], [link], [link]
cancer antigens [link], [link]
cancer/testis [link]
differentiation [link]
overexpressed [link]
unique [link]
viral [link]
cancer cachexia syndrome [link]
cancer [link], [link], [link]
causes [link]
avoidable [link]
alcohol [link]
diet [link]
drugs [link]
immunosuppression [link]
infection [link]
interacting factors [link]
ionizing radiation [link]
occupation [link]
physical inactivity [link]
pollution [link]
reproduction and hormone secretion [link]
tobacco [link], [link][link]
ultraviolet radiation [link]
biological factors
age [link]
delay between cause and effect [link]
gender [link]
genetic susceptibility [link]
chance [link]
diagnosis, histopathological [link]
emergency situations [link]
carcinomatous ‘meningitis’ [link]
cerebral metastasis [link]
pericardial effusion [link]
pleural effusion [link]
spinal cord/cauda equina compression [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
site of origin [link]
genetic alterations [link]
genetic counselling [link]
identification of at-risk families [link]
risk assessment [link]
genetic predisposition [link], [link]
breast cancer [link]
clinical management [link]
colon cancer [link], [link]
identification and management [link]
lifestyle changes [link]
melanoma [link]
ovarian cancer [link]
pancreatic cancer [link]
prevention strategies [link]
prostate cancer [link]
response to treatment [link]
upper GI cancer [link]
genetic testing [link]
haematological changes [link], [link]
anaemia [link], [link], [link]
chemotherapy-induced changes [link]
haemophagocytic syndrome [link]
platelets and blood coagulation [link], [link][link]
polycythaemia [link]
white-cell abnormalities [link]
HIV-related [link]
human antigens [link]
immune adjuvants [link]
immune surveillance [link], [link]
immune tolerance [link]
immunity [link]
incidence
between communities [link], [link]
changes in migrant groups [link], [link]
changes with time [link]
inherited [link]
clinical features [link]
historical aspects [link]
management [link]
mechanisms [link], [link]
association studies [link]
linkage analysis [link]
phenotypic features [link]
rare syndromes [link], [link]
investigation [link]
malignant phenotype [link], [link]
management [link], [link]
antibodies [link]
chemotherapy [link], [link]
immunotherapy [link], [link]
radiotherapy [link], [link]
surgery [link]
metastatic [link], [link]
fron unknown primary site [link], [link]
staging [link]
mortality rate [link], [link]
nutrition-related [link], [link]
occupational [link], [link], [link]
bladder [link]
lung [link]
post-transplant [link], [link]
predisposition genes [link]
risks associated with [link], [link]
pregnancy [link]
breast cancer [link]
cervical cancer [link]
colon cancer [link]
gestational trophoblastic disease [link]
leukaemia [link]
lymphoma [link]
melanoma [link]
ovarian cancer [link]
thyroid cancer [link]
preventability [link]
renal involvement [link], [link]
direct [link]
immune reactions [link]
metabolic effects [link]
remote effects [link]
treatment effects [link]
screening [link], [link]
staging [link], [link]
distant metastases [link]
lymph node spread [link]
notation [link], [link]
surgical [link]
supportive care [link]
long-term consequences of treatment [link]
pain management [link]
psychological support [link]
symptoms and signs [link]
anaemia [link]
fever [link]
hypercalcaemia [link]
pain [link]
paraneoplastic syndromes [link]
tumour mass [link]
weight loss [link]
two-hit hypothesis [link], [link]
vaccines [link], [link]
viral carcinogenesis [link], [link], [link]
mechanisms [link]
treatment and prevention [link]
viral treatments [link]
see also individual cancer sites
cancer/testis (CT) antigens [link]
cancrum oris (noma) [link]
candesartan
heart failure [link]
migraine prevention [link]
Candida albicans [link], [link], [link]
infective oesophagitis [link]
Candida glabrata [link]
candida intertrigo [link]
Candida spp. [link]
endophthalmitis [link]
osteomyelitis [link]
pregnancy [link]
candidiasis
mucocutaneous without endocrinopathy [link]
oesophageal [link]
oral (thrush) [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
HIV/AIDS [link], [link]
pathology [link]
treatment [link]
superficial [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
chronic [link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link]
predisposing factors [link]
treatment [link]
systemic [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link]
treatment [link]
vulvovaginal [link], [link]
Candiru virus [link]
cannabis
poisoning [link]
reproductive effects [link]
canthariasis [link], [link], [link]
Capecchi, Mario [link]
capecitabine, breast cancer [link]
Capillaria hepatica [link], [link]
Capillaria philippinensis [link], [link]
capillariasis [link], [link], [link]
hepatic [link], [link]
intestinal [link], [link]
capillaries [link]
capillary leakage syndrome [link]
Caplan’s syndrome [link], [link]
Capnocytophaga canimorsus [link]
Capnocytophaga spp. [link], [link], [link]
capnography, acute respiratory failure [link]
capsaicin
diabetic neuropathy [link]
neuropathic pain [link]
Capsicum spp. [link]
captopril
adverse effects
hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link]
oesophagitis [link]
renal toxicity [link]
heart failure [link]
hypertensive emergencies [link]
Caraparu virus [link]
carate see pinta
carbamate insecticide poisoning [link], [link]
antidote [link]
carbamazepine [link]
adverse effects [link]
hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link], [link]
in breast milk [link], [link]
diabetic neuropathy [link]
dose levels [link]
drug interactions [link], [link], [link]
epilepsy [link]
indications and use [link]
metastatic brain tumours [link]
poisoning [link]
serum levels [link]
teratogenicity [link], [link], [link], [link]
vertigo [link]
carbamylation [link]
carbapenem, pneumonia [link]
carbenicillin, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
carbimazole [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link]
in breast milk [link], [link]
carbocisteine [link]
carbohydrate intolerance syndrome [link], [link]
lactose intolerance [link]
sucrase-isomaltase deficiency [link]
trehalase deficiency [link]
carbohydrate metabolism, disorders of [link]
acidosis [link]
galactose, pentose and pyruvate metabolism [link]
glycogen storage diseases [link]
inborn errors of fructose metabolism [link]
carbohydrate-response element binding protein (ChREBP) [link]
carbohydrates
absorption [link], [link]
daily intake [link]
digestion [link], [link]
luminal phase [link]
mucosal phase [link]
links with fats [link]
metabolism [link], [link], [link], [link]
diabetes mellitus type 1 [link]
insulin effects [link], [link]
postabsorptive state [link]
postprandial [link]
in pregnancy [link]
requirements [link]
stores [link]
carbon dioxide breath test [link]
carbon dioxide
narcosis [link]
poisoning [link]
carbon disulphide poisoning [link]
CNS effects [link]
peripheral nervous system effects [link]
carbon monoxide
poisoning [link]
antidote [link]
CNS effects [link]
peripheral nervous system effects [link]
carbon tetrachloride, hepatotoxicity [link]
carbonic anhydrase II deficiency [link]
carboplatin
breast cancer [link]
lung cancer [link][link]
carboxyhaemoglobin, drug overdose [link]
carboxyhaemoglobinaemia [link]
carbuncles [link], [link]
carbutamide, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
carcinoembryonic antigen, reference values [link]
carcinogenesis [link], [link], [link]
and apoptosis [link], [link]
cancer stem cell hypothesis [link], [link][link]
cellular transformation [link]
initiators and promotors [link]
monoclonal theory [link][link], [link]
multistep pathway [link]
mutation [link]
origin of cancer cells [link]
carcinogens [link]
alcohol [link]
asbestos [link], [link]
chemotherapeutic agents [link], [link]
ingestion of [link]
polycyclic hydrocarbons [link], [link][link]
tobacco [link], [link][link]
carcinoid syndrome [link]
biochemistry [link], [link]
bronchial [link]
clinical features [link]
intestinal [link]
investigations [link], [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
carcinoma erysipeloides [link], [link]
carcinomatous meningitis [link]
cardiac action potential [link], [link], [link], [link]
membrane potential [link]
ion channels [link]
origin of [link]
phase 0 [link], [link]
phase 1 [link], [link]
phase 2 [link]
phase 3 [link]
phase 4 [link]
regional variation in [link], [link]
see also myocytes, cardiac
cardiac allograft vasculopathy [link], [link]
cardiac arrest [link]
advanced life support [link], [link]
audit and research [link]
basic life support [link]
chain of survival [link]
decision-making [link]
defibrillation [link]
DNAR order [link]
electrophysiological assessment [link]
epidemiology [link]
future developments [link]
historical perspective [link]
postresuscitation care [link], [link]
airway and breathing [link]
cerebral perfusion [link]
circulation [link]
disability and exposure [link]
seizure control [link]
temperature control [link]
therapeutic hypothermia [link]
presentation [link], [link]
prevention [link]
prognosis [link]
cardiac arrhythmias [link], [link]
bradycardias see bradycardias
definition [link]
ECG [link]
exercise testing [link]
genetic syndromes [link], [link]
hypertension-induced [link]
investigation [link]
ambulatory ECG [link]
electrophysiological studies [link], [link]
poisoned patients [link]
pregnancy [link]
symptoms [link]
tachycardias see tachycardias
cardiac catheterization/angiography [link]
cardiac flow/output [link]
complications [link], [link]
coronary artery anatomy/function [link]
indications [link]
aortic regurgitation [link]
cardiac myxoma [link]
congenital heart disease [link]
congestive heart failure [link]
coronary artery disease [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [link]
mitral regurgitation [link]
mitral stenosis [link], [link]
pericardial disease [link], [link]
pulmonary vascular disease [link]
valvular heart disease [link]
intracardiac pressures [link], [link]
intracardiac shunts [link]
left heart [link]
left ventricular dysfunction [link], [link]
patient preparation [link]
pregnancy [link]
quantitative [link]
right heart [link]
pulmonary arterial hypertension [link]
valvular regurgitation [link]
valvular stenosis [link], [link]
vascular access [link]
vascular resistance [link], [link]
cardiac cycle [link], [link]
mechanical events [link], [link]
cardiac flow [link]
cardiac function [link]
afterload [link], [link]
Frank-Starling relationship [link], [link]
preload [link], [link]
cardiac glycosides [link], [link], [link]
in renal failure [link]
cardiac muscle channelopathies [link]
cardiac output [link], [link], [link]
angiographic output [link]
dye dilution [link], [link]
oximetry [link], [link]
pregnancy [link], [link]
thermodilution [link]
cardiac pacemaker see sinoatrial node
cardiac pacing see pacing
cardiac repair [link]
cardiac reserve [link]
cardiac sarcoidosis [link]
cardiac stem cells [link]
cardiac syncope [link][link], [link], [link]
bradycardia [link], [link]
structural cardiovascular disease [link], [link]
tachycardia [link], [link]
cardiac tamponade [link], [link], [link]
causes [link]
clinical features [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
investigations [link], [link][link]
management [link]
pathophysiology [link]
presentation [link]
cardiac transplantation [link]
complications [link]
cardiac allograft vasculopathy [link], [link]
hyperlipidaemia [link]
renal dysfunction [link]
donor-recipient matching [link]
heart failure [link]
immunosuppression [link], [link]
outcome [link], [link]
recipient selection [link], [link]
cardiac tumours [link]
benign [link]
metastatic [link]
myxoma [link]
clinical features [link]
investigations [link], [link]
pathology [link]
treatment and prognosis [link]
pericardial [link]
cardial malformations, antenatal screening [link]
Cardiobacterium hominis [link]
Cardiobacterium spp. [link]
cardiogenic shock [link], [link]
cardiomegaly, bartonellosis [link]
cardiomyopathy [link]
arrhythmogenic right ventricular see arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
pregnancy [link]
peripartum [link], [link]
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
cardiac arrest [link][link]
drowning [link]
mechanism of action [link], [link]
renal failure patients [link]
risks to rescuer [link]
starting [link], [link]
cardiorespiratory collapse [link]
presentation [link], [link][link]
cardiotoxins, plant-derived [link], [link]
cardiovascular disease
anoxic brain damage [link]
C-reactive protein [link]
dialysis patients [link]
fetal and postnatal effects [link], [link]
hepatic involvement [link]
mortality rate [link], [link]
occupational [link]
and polycystic ovary syndrome [link]
polycythaemias [link]
rabies [link], [link]
risk factors [link]
role of apoptosis in [link]
and syncope [link]
syphilis see syphilis, cardiovascular
cardiovascular function, poisoned patients [link]
cardiovascular homeostasis [link]
arterial pressure and vascular circuit [link]
cardiac output, oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption [link]
ventricular pump function [link]
cardiovascular system [link]
acidosis [link]
diphtheria complications [link]
effects of malnutrition [link]
pregnancy [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
blood pressure [link]
fluid balance [link]
increased cardiac output [link], [link]
mechanism of changes [link]
oedema [link]
palpitations [link]
respiratory disease [link]
structure and function [link]
blood vessels and endothelium [link]
clinical physiology [link]
myocytes and action potential [link]
cardioversion [link], [link]
carditis
Lyme borreliosis [link]
rheumatic fever [link]
care, rationing of [link]
caretaker genes [link], [link]
Carey Island virus [link]
caries see dental caries
carmustine
adverse effects
carcinogenesis [link]
hepatotoxicity [link]
lymphoma [link]
Carnett’s sign [link]
Carney complex [link], [link], [link]
Carney’s syndrome, and Cushing’s syndrome [link], [link]
carnitine palmitoyltransferase deficiency [link]
carnitine [link]
deficiency [link]
Caroli’s disease [link], [link][link], [link]
β‎-carotene [link]
reference values [link]
children [link]
carotenoids [link]
and cancer risk [link]
carotid endarterectomy [link]
carotid sinus hypersensitivity [link]
carotid sinus syncope [link]
carp bile, renal toxicity [link]
carpal tunnel syndrome [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
pregnancy [link], [link]
Carrión’s disease see bartonellosis
cartilage [link], [link]
age-related changes [link]
disorders of [link]
Carukia barnesi [link]
Carvajal-Huerta syndrome [link]
carvedilol, heart failure [link]
cascara, drug interactions [link]
case series [link], [link]
case-control studies [link], [link]
case-finding [link]
caspase [link], [link]
caspases [link], [link]
and cell-cycle proteins [link]
DNA damage/repair [link]
inhibitors of activation [link]
role in apoptosis [link]
substrates [link]
caspofungin
fungal infections [link][link]
in renal failure [link]
CAST trial [link]
Castellani’s paint [link]
Castleman’s disease [link], [link], [link]
HIV-associated [link]
IL-6 in [link]
catamenial pneumothorax [link]
cataplexy [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
cataracts [link], [link]
diabetes mellitus [link]
catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia [link]
catecholamines
biochemistry [link], [link]
potassium homeostasis [link]
reference values [link]
β‎-catenin [link]
caterpillar stings [link]
Catha edulis (khat leaf), nephrotoxicity [link]
cathartics [link]
cathepsin B [link]
cathepsin G, COPD [link]
cathepsin K [link]
cathepsin L [link]
cathepsins [link], [link]
Catonella spp. [link]
Catostomus commersoni [link]
catroxobin [link]
cat-scratch disease [link]
clinical features [link]
diagnosis [link]
treatment [link]
Catu virus [link]
cauda equina syndrome [link], [link]
causalgia [link]
caustic ingestion [link]
caveolae [link]
cavitating pulmonary lesions [link], [link]
CCR5 [link]
CCR7 [link]
CCS2-COMMIT trial [link]
CD11c [link]
CD123 [link]
CD133 [link]
CD134 [link]
CD137 [link]
CD15 [link]
CD152 [link], [link]
CD15–3, reference values [link]
CD154 [link], [link]
CD16 [link]
CD18 [link]
CD1a [link]
CD25, antibodies [link]
CD27 [link]
CD273 [link]
CD274 [link]
CD279 [link]
CD3, SCID [link]
CD34 [link]
CD4 [link]
antigen presentation [link]
MCH class II [link]
functions of [link]
idiopathic lymphopenia [link]
SCID [link]
SLE [link]
CD40 ligand deficiency see hyper-IgM syndrome
CD55 [link]
CD56 [link]
CD59 [link], [link]
deficiency [link]
CD62P see P-selectin
CD68 [link]
CD70 [link]
CD8 [link], [link]
antigen presentation [link]
binding to MHC class I [link]
peptide transport [link]
proteasome [link]
T-cell receptor recognition [link]
functions of [link]
SCID [link]
Cedecea spp. [link]
cefalexin [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
cellulitis, mastitis and pyomyositis [link]
impetigo [link]
pharmacokinetics [link]
septic bursitis/arthritis [link]
urinary tract infection [link]
cefazolin [link]
bacteraemia [link]
endocarditis [link]
epidural abscess [link]
osteomyelitis [link]
pneumonia [link], [link]
septic bursitis/arthritis [link]
toxic shock syndrome [link]
urinary tract infection [link]
cefepime
pneumonia [link], [link]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa [link]
cefixime
pharmacokinetics [link]
in renal failure [link]
typhoid fever [link]
cefotaxime
animal-related injuries [link]
H. influenzae [link]
leptospirosis [link]
Lyme borreliosis [link]
meningitis [link], [link]
nocardiosis [link]
pelvic inflammatory disease [link]
pneumococcal pneumonia [link]
pneumonia [link]
postantibiotic effect [link]
in renal failure [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
yersiniosis [link]
cefoxitin
anaerobic infections [link]
pelvic inflammatory disease [link]
cefradine, in renal failure [link]
ceftazidime
melioidosis [link]
pneumonia [link]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa [link]
in renal failure [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
ceftriaxone
chancroid [link]
chlamydial infections [link]
gonorrhoea [link]
H. influenzae [link]
infective endocarditis [link]
leptospirosis [link]
Lyme borreliosis [link]
meningitis [link], [link]
pelvic inflammatory disease [link]
pneumococcal pneumonia [link]
pneumonia [link]
in renal failure [link]
syphilis [link]
typhoid fever [link]
ceftriazone, yersiniosis [link]
cefuroxime axetil
Lyme borreliosis [link]
pharmacokinetics [link]
cefuroxime
pneumonia [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
celecoxib
ankylosing spondylitis [link]
and asthma [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
cell cycle checkpoints
and cancer [link]
DNA damage [link]
G2/M [link]
spindle [link]
cell death [link]
activation-induced [link]
gene mutations [link]
see also apoptosis
cell growth [link]
cell stress responses [link]
cell surface receptors [link]
cell-mediated immunity
impaired [link], [link]
categories of [link]
causes of [link]
clinical phenotype [link]
cells [link]
cytoskeleton [link]
dynamics of [link]
endocytosis [link]
lipid bilayers [link]
membrane proteins [link]
organelles [link]
endoplasmic reticulum [link]
Golgi apparatus [link]
lysosomes [link]
mitochondria [link]
nucleus [link][link]
peroxisomes [link]
vesicles [link]
cellular adhesion [link]
cellular transformation [link]
cellulitis [link], [link]
H. influenzae [link]
and lymphoedema [link]
staphylococcal [link], [link]
streptococcal [link], [link]
treatment [link]
Cellulomonas spp. [link]
Cellusimicrobium spp. [link]
Centipeda spp. [link]
centipede bites [link], [link]
central core disease [link]
central nervous system
acquired metabolic disorders [link]
cystic fibrosis [link]
degeneration [link]
development of [link]
developmental abnormalities [link]
cerebral palsies [link]
complex [link]
cortical development disorders [link], [link]
diagnosis and genetic counselling [link]
extrinsically caused [link]
migration disorders [link], [link]
neural tube defects [link], [link]
regionalization disorders [link]
sacral agenesis [link]
syringomyelia [link]
disorders
demyelinating [link]
in pregnancy [link]
see also individual conditions
electrophysiology [link]
infections [link]
actinomycotic [link]
anaerobic [link]
bacterial [link]
intracranial abscess [link]
neurosyphilis/neuro-AIDS [link]
prion diseases [link]
tick-borne encephalitis [link], [link], [link]
viral [link]
see also individual infections
occupational disorders [link], [link]
superficial siderosis [link]
tuberculosis [link]
central pontine myelinolysis [link], [link]
central sleep apnoea [link], [link], [link]
apparent [link]
overnight ventilation [link]
central vein cannulation [link]
Centrocestus armatus [link]
Centrocestus caninus [link]
Centrocestus cuspidatus [link]
Centrocestus formosanus [link]
Centrocestus kurokawai [link]
Centrocestus longus [link]
centromere [link]
fission [link]
Centruroides (Sculpturatus) exilicauda (Arizona bark scorpion) [link]
Centruroides spp. [link]
cephalexin
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
bacterial overgrowth [link]
cephalocele [link]
cephalosporins
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link]
mode of action [link]
pharmacokinetics [link]
Cephalosporium spp. [link]
Ceratopogonidae (biting midges) [link]
Cerbera odollam [link], [link]
cercarial dermatitis [link], [link]
cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 [link], [link]
cerebellar aplasia/hypoplasia [link], [link]
cerebellar ataxia, malaria [link]
cerebellar degeneration [link]
alcoholic [link]
paraneoplastic [link], [link]
cerebellum [link]
anatomy
functional [link]
gross [link]
cryoarchitecture [link], [link]
function/dysfunction [link]
pontocerebellum [link], [link]
spinocerebellum [link]
vestibulocerebellum [link]
Cerebera odollam (suicide tree) [link]
cerebral abscess [link], [link]
cerebral amyloidosis [link], [link]
Alzheimer’s disease [link]
hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy [link]
prion disease [link]
senile [link]
cerebral angiography [link]
cerebral arteriovenous malformations [link]
cerebral circulation [link], [link]
circle of Willis [link]
cerebral demyelination [link]
cerebral herniation [link]
cerebral infarction see stroke
cerebral ischaemia
investigations [link]
see also individual ischaemic conditions
cerebral malaria [link], [link], [link], [link][link]
treatment [link]
cerebral oedema
altitude-related [link], [link]
brain defences [link], [link]
hepatocellular failure [link]
management [link]
cerebral palsies [link]
aetiology [link]
brain imaging [link], [link]
classification [link]
epidemiology [link]
cerebral perfusion pressure [link]
cerebral perfusion [link]
cerebral tumours
intrinsic [link], [link]
secondary [link], [link]
cerebral vasculitis [link], [link]
cerebral venous sinus thrombosis [link], [link]
cerebral venous thrombosis, pregnancy [link]
cerebrospinal fluid [link]
analysis [link]
blood [link]
drainage, intracranial hypertension [link]
glucose [link]
immunoglobulins [link]
lactate [link]
leucocytes and cytology [link], [link]
low volume headache [link], [link]
microbiological and serological reactions [link]
multiple sclerosis [link]
opening pressure [link]
pigment [link]
pressure [link]
protein [link]
raised volume headache [link]
reference values [link]
cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
psychiatric signs [link]
cerebrovascular disease
arterial occlusive disease [link]
imaging [link], [link]
magnetic brain stimulation [link]
pregnancy [link]
stroke see stroke
cerebrovascular syncope [link], [link]
ceruloplasmin [link]
cervical cancer [link], [link], [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
incidence [link], [link]
migrants vs residents [link]
pregnancy [link]
prevention and control [link]
screening [link]
vaccines [link]
cervical cap [link]
cervicitis
chlamydial [link], [link]
mycoplasmal infections [link]
cervicofacial actinomycoses [link], [link][link]
cervicogenic headache [link]
cervix, strawberry [link]
cestodes see tapeworms
cetirizine [link]
anaphylaxis [link]
cetrimide [link]
cetuximab [link], [link]
cost-effectiveness ratio [link]
c-fms [link]
Chadwick, Edwin [link]
Chagas’ disease [link]
aetiology [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
future research [link]
gut peptides [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link]
myocarditis [link]
pathogenesis/pathology [link], [link], [link]
prevention and control [link]
treatment [link]
Chagres virus [link]
chain of survival [link]
challenge tests [link]
foods [link]
chamomile, drug interactions [link]
chancre, trypanosomal [link], [link]
chancroid [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology [link]
and HIV [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link]
pathology/pathogenesis [link]
prevention and control [link]
treatment [link]
Changuinola virus [link]
channelopathies [link], [link]
cardiac muscle [link]
cognitive impairment [link]
cystic fibrosis see cystic fibrosis
kidney [link]
Bartter’s syndrome [link]
Liddle’s syndrome [link]
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus [link]
nephrolithiasis [link]
pseudohypoaldosteronism type [link], [link]
neuronal [link]
benign familial neonatal convulsions [link]
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease [link], [link], [link], [link]
episodic ataxia type 1 [link]
episodic ataxia type 2 [link]
familial hemiplegic migraine [link]
generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures [link]
spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 [link]
startle disease (hyperekplexia) [link]
nonsyndromic deafness [link]
periodic paralyses [link]
skeletal muscle [link]
malignant hyperthermia and central core disease [link]
myasthenia gravis [link]
myotonia [link]
periodic paralyses [link]
slow-channel syndrome [link]
chaparrall [link]
chaperones [link]
charcoal, activated [link]
multiple-dose [link]
Charcot’s arthropathy [link], [link], [link]
Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm [link]
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
Chase-Aurbach test [link]
chasteberry, drug interactions [link]
Chediak-Higashi syndrome [link], [link], [link], [link]
hypopigmentation [link]
Cheilospirura spp. [link]
cheiroarthropathy [link]
chelates, in renal failure [link]
chelating agents [link]
chelation therapy [link]
chemoembolization, transarterial [link]
chemokines [link]
chemotaxis [link]
chemotherapy [link], [link], [link]
adjuvant [link]
adverse effects [link], [link]
oesophageal problems [link]
antimicrobial [link]
classes [link]
hormonal abnormalities [link]
neoadjuvant [link]
resistance [link], [link]
targeted [link]
see also individual drugs and classes
chenodeoxycholic acid [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
cherry angioma [link]
cherry-red spot-myoclonus epilepsy syndrome [link]
chest aspiration [link], [link]
chest decompression [link]
chest drain [link]
chest pain [link], [link][link], [link], [link]
acute coronary syndromes [link]
angina pectoris [link]
aortic dissection [link]
at rest [link]
atypical angina [link]
coronary spasm [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
noncardiac [link]
peptic stricture [link]
pericarditis [link]
Prinzmetal’s angina [link]
syndrome X [link]
chest wall disease [link], [link]
and chronic respiratory failure [link]
chest wall, in pregnancy [link]
chest X-ray [link]
acute respiratory failure [link]
aortic dissection [link], [link]
aortic regurgitation [link], [link]
aortic stenosis [link]
ARDS [link]
Chagas’ disease [link]
cystic fibrosis [link]
diffuse parenchymal lung disease [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
disease signs [link]
cavitating pulmonary lesions [link], [link]
increased transradiancy of hemithorax [link], [link]
multiple pulmonary nodules [link], [link]
pulmonary collapse [link], [link][link]
pulmonary consolidation [link], [link]
pulmonary nodule/mass [link], [link]
specific [link]
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [link]
infections [link]
interpretation [link]
lung cancer [link][link]
mediastinal mass [link]
melioidosis [link]
mitral regurgitation [link], [link]
mitral stenosis [link], [link]
pleural effusion [link][link]
pleural empyema [link]
Pneumocystis jirovecii [link], [link][link], [link]
pneumonia [link], [link][link]
pneumothorax [link]
pregnancy [link], [link]
pulmonary arterial hypertension [link]
pulmonary embolism [link], [link]
pulmonary fibrosis [link]
pulmonary oedema [link], [link]
high-altitude [link]
radiographic anatomy [link], [link]
diaphragm and thoracic cage [link]
hilar structures [link]
lateral view [link], [link]
mediastinum [link], [link]
pulmonary fissues, vessels and bronchi [link]
renal disease [link]
standard views [link]
technical considerations [link]
Cheyne-Stokes breathing [link]
Chiari malformations [link]
chickenpox [link]
chiggers see scrub typhus
Chikungunya virus [link], [link]
chilblains [link]
child mortality
causes [link], [link]
measures to reduce [link]
children
chronic granulomatous disease [link]
Cushing’s syndrome [link]
endocarditis [link]
glomerulonephritis [link]
growth [link]
hereditary bulbar palsy [link]
HIV/AIDS [link]
hypertension [link]
immunizations [link], [link]
lactase restriction [link]
magnetic brain stimulation [link]
multiple sclerosis [link]
obesity [link]
poisoning [link]
reference values [link]
screening [link]
suicide attempts [link]
tuberculosis [link]
ulcerative colitis [link]
chimeric F-box protein [link]
Chinese herb nephropathy [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
diagnosis and treatment [link]
pathogenesis and pathology [link], [link]
Chinese herbs
hepatotoxicity [link]
renal toxicity [link], [link]
Chinese restaurant syndrome [link]
chirality [link]
Chironex fleckeri (box jellyfish) [link]
chiropractic [link]
Chiropsalmus quadrigatus [link]
Chiropsalmus quadrumanus [link]
Chlamydia abortus [link], [link]
Chlamydia felis [link]
Chlamydia pneumoniae [link], [link]
arthritis [link]
atherosclerosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
pharyngitis [link]
pneumonia [link], [link]
respiratory disease [link]
treatment [link]
Chlamydia psittaci [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
infective endocarditis [link]
pneumonia [link]
treatment [link]
Chlamydia spp. [link]
eye infection [link]
pregnancy [link]
Chlamydia trachomatis [link], [link]
pregnancy [link]
chlamydial infections [link], [link], [link], [link]
classification [link]
diagnosis [link]
culture and staining [link]
enzyme immunoassay [link]
nucleic acid amplification [link]
serological tests [link]
genital tract [link]
growth cycle, serovars and protein profile [link]
immune response [link]
immunocompromised patients [link]
incidence [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link], [link]
neonatal [link], [link]
pathogenesis [link]
screening [link]
trachoma [link], [link]
treatment [link], [link], [link]
see also individual infections
Chlamydophila psittaci, community-acquired pneumonia [link]
Chlamydophila spp. [link]
chloasma [link], [link]
chloracne [link]
chloral hydrate, contraindication in porphyria [link]
α‎-chloralose poisoning [link]
chlorambucil [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link]
carcinogenesis [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link]
lymphoma [link]
membranous nephropathy [link]
pregnancy [link]
primary biliary cirrhosis [link]
chloramphenicol
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
anthrax [link]
bacterial overgrowth [link]
bartonellosis [link]
H. influenzae [link]
listeriosis [link]
meningitis [link], [link]
mode of action [link]
prognosis [link]
relapsing fevers [link]
in renal failure [link]
rickettsioses [link]
S. moniliformis [link]
scrub typhus [link]
tularaemia [link]
typhoid fever [link]
chlorate poisoning [link]
chlordane, CNS effects [link]
chlordecone
CNS effects [link]
reproductive effects [link]
chlordiazepoxide [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link][link]
chlorhexidine [link]
chloride channels, drugs acting on [link]
chloride deficiency, metabolic alkalosis [link]
chloride
dietary reference values [link]
plasma/serum [link]
reference values [link], [link]
children [link]
urinary [link]
chlorinated hydrocarbons, hepatotoxicity [link]
chlorinated naphthalenes, hepatotoxicity [link]
chlorine poisoning [link]
chlornaphazine, carcinogenesis [link], [link]
4-chloro-ortho-toluidine [link]
chloroform, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
chloromethane, hepatotoxicity [link]
chloromethyl methyl ether [link], [link]
chlorophenoxy herbicide poisoning [link], [link]
Chlorophyllum molybdites [link]
chloroquine [link], [link]
poisoning [link]
pregnancy [link]
prophylactic [link], [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
chlorozotocin, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link]
chlorproguanil-dapsone [link]
chlorpromazine [link]
adverse effects, hepato-toxicity [link], [link], [link]
schizophrenia [link]
chlorpropamide [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link], [link]
chlorthalidone
adverse effects, hepato-toxicity [link]
calcium stone prevention [link]
cholangiocarcinoma [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology and aetiology [link]
pathogenesis [link]
pathology [link]
treatment and prognosis [link]
cholangitis [link]
bacterial [link]
sclerosing [link], [link]
liver transplantation [link]
recurrence post-transplantation [link]
cholecalciferol [link]
cholecystectomy, postcholecystectomy synromes [link]
cholecystitis
acute [link]
aetiology [link]
complications [link]
differential diagosis [link]
laboratory investigations [link]
symptoms and signs [link]
treatment [link]
chronic [link]
cholecystokinin [link]
choledochal cyst [link], [link]
choledocholithiasis [link]
clinical features [link]
differential diagnosis [link], [link]
imaging [link], [link]
laboratory investigations [link]
treatment [link]
cholelithiasis, pregnancy [link], [link]
cholera [link]
aetiology, genetics and pathophysiology [link]
clinical assessment [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
geographical distribution [link]
history [link]
mortality [link]
prevention [link], [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link], [link]
vaccines [link], [link], [link]
cholestasis [link], [link]
drug-induced [link], [link], [link]
intrahepatic [link]
benign recurrent [link]
drug-induced [link], [link]
of pregnancy [link], [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
neonatal [link]
see also jaundice
cholesterol [link], [link], [link]
crystals [link]
gallstones [link]
pregnancy [link]
raised
mortality [link]
treatment [link]
reference values [link], [link]
regulation of gene expression [link]
reverse transport [link]
cholesterol embolism [link], [link][link]
cholesteryl ester transfer protein [link]
cholic acid [link]
14C-cholylglycine breath test [link]
chondrocalcinosis [link], [link], [link]
familial [link]
chondrocytes [link]
age-related changes [link]
chondrodysplasia punctata, mutations in [link]
chondrodysplasia punctatum rhizomelia [link]
chondrodysplasia
Blomstrand’s [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
Jansen’s metaphyseal [link], [link], [link], [link]
chondroectodermal dysplasia see Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
chondroitin sulphate, osteoarthritis [link]
chondrosarcoma [link]
chorea [link], [link], [link], [link]
hemiballism [link]
Huntington’s disease see Huntington’s disease
pregnancy [link]
Sydenham’s [link], [link]
treatment [link]
chorea-acanthocytosis [link]
chorioamniotis, mycoplasmal infections [link]
choriocarcinoma [link]
choriomeningitis, lymphocytic see lymphocytic choriomeningitis
chromium [link], [link]
carcinogenesis [link], [link]
poisoning [link]
reference values [link]
Chromobacterium spp. [link]
chromoblastomycosis [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features [link], [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
pathogenesis [link]
treatment [link]
chromogranin A, reference values [link]
chromogranin B [link]
reference values [link]
chromogranin-derived peptides [link]
chromogranins [link]
chromosomal instability [link]
chromosomal translocations [link], [link]
complex [link]
simple [link]
chromosome aberrations [link]
numerical [link]
triploidies and tetraploidies [link]
trisomies and monosomies [link]
structural [link]
centromere fission [link], [link], [link]
complex rearrangements [link]
deletions and duplications [link]
heterochromatin variants [link]
insertions [link]
inversions [link]
isochromosomes [link]
mosaicism [link]
reciprocal translocations [link]
ring chromosomes [link]
Robertsonian translocations [link]
chromosome fragility syndromes [link]
see also individual syndromes
chromosomes [link]
autosomal [link]
centromere [link]
marker [link]
sex [link]
telomere [link]
chronic actinic dermatitis [link], [link]
chronic eosinophilic leukaemia [link]
chronic fatigue syndrome [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
biological factors [link]
psychological factors [link]
social and iatrogenic factors [link]
clinical features [link]
clinical investigation [link]
diagnostic criteria [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
historical perspective [link]
prevention [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
chronic granulomatous disease [link], [link], [link]
of childhood [link]
chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy [link]
chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous and articular syndrome see CINCA
chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy [link]
chronic lymphocytic leukaemia [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
aetiology and genetics [link]
areas of uncertainty [link]
clinical features [link]
clinical investigation [link], [link]
diagnostic criteria [link]
differential diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
future developments [link]
historical perspective [link]
pathogenesis/pathology [link]
prevention [link]
prognosis [link]
renal involvement [link]
staging [link]
treatment [link]
complications [link]
quality of life [link]
relapse/refractory disease [link]
second malignancies [link]
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis [link]
chronic myelogenous leukaemia [link]
translocations [link]
chronic myeloid leukaemia [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features and diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
management [link], [link], [link][link]
molecular biology [link], [link]
natural history [link], [link][link]
prognostic factors [link], [link]
translocations [link]
chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia [link]
chronic neutrophilic leukaemia [link]
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [link], [link]
aetiology [link], [link]
air pollution [link]
atopy and airways hyper-responsiveness [link]
chronic bronchopulmonary infection [link]
diet [link]
environmental factors [link]
occupation [link]
prenatal factors [link]
socioeconomic factors [link]
tobacco smoke [link], [link]
chest X-ray [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
airflow limitation [link], [link]
clinical history [link]
smoking and occupation [link]
definition [link]
differential diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
exacerbations [link], [link]
assessment of severity [link], [link]
oxygen therapy [link]
examination [link]
cardiovascular [link]
chest [link]
general inspection [link]
and gender [link]
genetic factors [link]
imaging [link]
investigation [link]
arterial blood gases [link], [link]
BODE index [link]
carbon monoxide transfer [link]
exercise testing [link]
flow volume loops [link]
lung volumes [link]
peak expiratory flow [link], [link], [link]
respiratory function and exercise capacity [link], [link]
respiratory muscle function [link]
reversibility testing [link], [link]
sleep studies [link]
spirometry [link], [link]
management [link], [link]
antibiotics [link]
antitussives [link]
bronchodilators [link], [link][link]
corticosteroids [link]
drug delivery devices [link]
home nebulizer therapy [link]
mucolytics [link]
oxygen therapy [link], [link]
pulmonary rehabilitation [link], [link][link]
surgery [link]
vaccines [link]
vasodilators [link]
ventilatory support [link]
morbidity [link], [link]
mortality [link], [link], [link]
natural history [link], [link]
pathogenesis [link], [link]
inflammatory cells/mediators [link], [link]
oxidative stress [link]
protease/antiprotease imbalance [link]
pathology [link], [link], [link]
bronchiolitis/small airways disease [link], [link]
chronic bronchitis [link], [link]
emphysema [link]
pulmonary vasculature [link]
small airways disease [link], [link][link]
pathophysiology [link], [link]
airflow limitation and hyper-inflation [link], [link][link]
gas exchange abnormalities [link]
impaired respiratory muscle function [link]
mucus hypersecretion and ciliary dysfunction [link]
pulmonary hypertension [link]
prevalence [link], [link]
prevention [link], [link]
smoking cessation [link], [link]
prognosis [link]
risk factors [link]
surgery in [link]
symptoms [link], [link]
systemic effects [link], [link]
chronic pulmonary disease [link]
chronotropism, positive [link]
Chryseobacterium spp. [link]
Chrysomya bezziana [link], [link]
Chrysops spp. (mangrove fly) [link]
Chrysops spp. [link]
chrysotile see asbestosis
Churg-Strauss syndrome [link], [link], [link], [link]
aetiology and pathogenesis [link]
cardiac involvement [link], [link]
central nervous system [link]
clinical presentation [link], [link]
gastrointestinal involvement [link]
GI tract involvement [link]
investigation [link]
imaging [link], [link]
musculoskeletal system [link]
pregnancy [link]
pulmonary involvement [link], [link]
asthma [link]
eosinophilic pneumonia [link]
renal disease [link], [link]
skin lesions [link]
treatment [link]
Chuvash polycythaemia [link]
Chvostek’s sign [link], [link]
chylomicrons [link]
chylothorax [link], [link]
aetiology [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
pathophysiology [link]
treatment [link]
chylous reflux [link]
chyluria [link], [link], [link]
ciclosporin
adverse effects [link], [link]
hepatotoxicity [link]
nephrotoxicity [link]
aplastic anaemia [link], [link]
carcinogenesis [link]
focal segmental glomerulosclerosis [link]
lupus nephritis [link]
membranous nephropathy [link]
minimal-change nephropathy [link]
post-transplantation [link], [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
pregnancy [link]
primary biliary cirrhosis [link]
psoriasis [link]
psoriatic arthritis [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
skin disorders [link]
systemic sclerosis [link]
therapeutic drug monitoring [link], [link]
ulcerative colitis [link]
cicutoxin [link]
cidofovir, adenovirus [link]
ciftriaxone, mycobacterial disease [link]
ciguatera toxin [link]
ciliary dysfunction [link]
ciliary dyskinesia [link]
cilostazol, limb ischaemia [link]
cimetidine
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
drug interactions