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Subscriber: null; date: 26 September 2018

Note: Numbers in italic refer to tables and/or illustrations separate from the text.

Species names for animals, plants, fungi and insects are listed by their Latin names, followed by their common name where appropriate.

abacavir
HIV/AIDS [link], [link]
mode of action [link]
abatacept, rheumatoid arthritis [link], [link], [link]
abdomen, infections, anaerobic [link]
abdominal actinomycoses [link]
abdominal aortic aneurysm [link]
definition [link]
detection before rupture [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
management
endovascular repair [link]
medical [link]
surgery [link]
rupture [link], [link]
abdominal migraine [link]
abdominal pain [link]
acute abdomen [link]
functional [link]
lower abdomen [link]
management [link]
upper abdomen [link]
abetalipoproteinaemia
differential diagnosis [link]
haematological changes [link]
Abiotrophia spp. [link]
ABO system [link], [link]
compatibility [link]
incompatibility [link]
abscess
cerebral [link], [link]
diverticular [link]
epidural [link], [link]
filarial [link]
intracranial [link]
liver, pyogenic [link], [link]
postinjection [link]
spleen [link]
absolute effect size [link]
absolute risk reduction [link], [link]
absorption enhancers [link]
absorption [link], [link]
drug interactions [link]
mechanisms of [link]
rate of [link]
coadministered drugs [link]
first-pass metabolism [link]
food [link]
gastrointestinal motility [link]
malabsorption [link]
sites of [link]
absorptive capacity [link]
acaeruloplasminaemia [link]
with iron deposition [link]
Acanthamoeba [link], [link], [link]
amoebic keratitis [link]
acanthocytes [link]
acanthocytosis [link], [link]
with neurological disease and normal lipoproteins [link]
Acanthoparyphium tyosenense [link]
Acanthophis spp. (death adder) [link]
antivenom [link]
acanthosis nigricans [link], [link], [link]
insulin resistance [link]
acatalasia [link]
accidents
drowning see drowning
work-related [link], [link]
acclimatization
heat [link]
high altitude [link]
blood [link]
circulation [link]
extreme altitudes [link]
fluid balance [link]
ventilation [link]
accountability [link]
ACE inhibitors [link]
adverse effects, in pregnancy [link]
ascites [link]
in breast milk [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
drug interactions [link]
effects on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system [link]
focal segmental glomerulosclerosis [link]
heart failure [link], [link]
hypertension [link], [link], [link]
hypertensive emergencies [link]
poisoning [link]
systemic sclerosis [link]
teratogenicity [link]
transposition of great arteries [link]
vibration injury [link]
acebutalol, in breast milk [link]
acetaldehyde [link]
acetaminophen see paracetamol
acetazolamide
adverse effects, renal toxicity [link]
epilepsy [link]
mountain sickness [link]
vertigo [link]
acetohexamide, hepatotoxicity [link], [link]
acetone poisoning [link]
acetylation, genetic variability [link]
acetylcholinesterase
endplate deficiency [link]
in sarcoidosis [link]
achalasia [link], [link]
Achilles tendinitis [link]
Achilles tendinopathy [link]
achlorhydria [link], [link]
achondrogenesis [link]
mutations in [link]
achondroplasia [link], [link]
achondroplasia-like dwarfism [link]
Achromobacter spp. [link]
aciclovir
adverse effects [link]
gingivostomatitis [link]
herpes labialis [link]
herpes zoster [link]
HSV [link]
mode of action [link]
pregnancy [link]
prophylactic [link]
in renal failure [link]
renal toxicity [link]
resistance [link]
varicella zoster [link]
α‎1-acid glycoprotein [link]
acid lipase deficiency [link]
acid maltase deficiency [link]
Acidaminococcus spp. [link]
acid-base disorders
causes [link], [link][link]
clinical aspects [link]
CNS complications [link]
definitions [link]
diagnosis [link]
anion gap [link]
pHa and PaCO2 [link], [link]
effects of [link]
blood oxygen uptake/delivery [link]
bone [link]
cardiovascular [link]
distribution of metabolites and drugs [link]
endocrine [link]
inflammatory cytokines [link]
intermediary carbohydrate metabolism [link]
kidney [link]
leucocytes [link]
nervous system [link]
nitrogen balance [link]
potassium homeostasis [link]
respiratory [link]
lactic acidosis see lactic acidosis
treatment [link]
acid-base homeostasis [link], [link][link], [link], [link], [link][link]
CKD [link]
disturbances of see acid-base disorders
hepatocellular failure [link]
management [link]
physiology/terminology [link]
poisoned patients [link], [link]
potassium homeostasis [link]
renal regulation of [link]
role of kidneys and liver [link]
strong ion approach [link]
acidosis
CKD [link]
and hyperkalaemia [link]
metabolic [link]
acute renal trauma [link]
respiratory [link], [link]
Acidovorax (Pseudomonas) spp. [link]
acids
carcinogenesis [link]
poisoning [link]
Acinetobacter iwoffii [link]
Acinetobacter spp. [link]
acne arthralgia [link]
acne [link], [link][link]
conglobata [link]
cosmetic [link]
drug-induced [link]
dysmorphophobia [link]
excorié [link]
fulminans [link]
Gram-negative folliculitis [link]
infantile [link]
occupational [link]
in pregnancy [link]
pyoderma faciale [link]
SAPHO syndrome [link]
aconite [link]
aconitine [link], [link]
Aconitum napellus (monkshood/aconite) [link]
acoustic neuroma [link]
ACP Journal Club [link]
acrivastine [link]
acrocyanosis [link]
acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans [link]
acrogeria [link]
acromegaly [link]
amenorrhoea [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
myopathy [link]
diagnosis [link]
pregnancy [link]
treatment [link]
acromesomelic chondrodysplasia, mutations in [link]
acrylamide
CNS effects [link]
peripheral nervous system effects [link], [link]
ACST-1 trial [link]
ACTH stimulation test [link]
ACTH [link], [link]
Cushing’s disease [link]
deficiency [link], [link]
ectopic ACTH syndrome [link]
ectopic secretion [link], [link], [link], [link]
treatment [link]
measurement [link]
morning plasma [link], [link]
Nelson’s syndrome [link]
reference values [link]
actin [link], [link]
actinic prurigo [link], [link]
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans [link]
Actinobacillus spp. [link]
Actinobaculum spp. [link]
actinolite [link]
Actinomadura spp. [link]
Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans [link]
Actinomyces georgiae [link]
Actinomyces gerencseriae [link][link]
Actinomyces israelii [link][link], [link]
Actinomyces meyeri [link]
Actinomyces naeslundi [link]
Actinomyces neuii [link]
Actinomyces odontolyticus [link]
Actinomyces spp. [link]
osteomyelitis [link]
Actinomyces viscosus [link], [link], [link]
Actinomycetes spp., diseases caused by [link]
actinomycin D, hepatotoxicity [link]
actinomycoses [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical features [link]
abdominal actinomycoses [link]
actinomycotic endocarditis [link]
bone infections [link]
central nervous system infections [link]
cervicofacial actinomycoses [link], [link][link]
cutaneous actinomycoses [link]
thoracic actinomycoses [link], [link]
definition [link]
diagnosis [link]
laboratory [link]
radiography [link]
epidemiology [link]
pathogenesis and pathology [link]
histopathology [link], [link]
synergistic polymicrobial infection [link], [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
action potentials [link]
cardiac [link], [link]
activated partial thromboplastin time [link]
activated protein C [link]
recombinant human [link]
activator protein-1, [link]
activin [link]
activities of daily living [link]
Actractaspididae [link]
acupressure [link]
acupuncture [link], [link]
description [link]
efficacy [link]
mode of action [link]
safety [link]
acute abdomen [link], [link]
assessment [link]
causes [link], [link]
acute appendicitis [link]
diverticulitis [link]
intestinal obstruction [link]
perforated viscus [link]
examination [link]
history [link], [link]
investigations [link], [link]
management, principles of [link]
medical causes [link]
medical ward [link]
acute pseudo-obstruction (adynamic ileus) [link]
chronic liver disease [link]
iatrogenic [link]
immunosuppressed patients [link]
older patients [link]
peritoneal dialysis [link]
pain [link]
presentation [link]
acute coronary syndromes [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical presentation and definition [link], [link]
ECG [link], [link]
role of [link]
triage [link]
management [link]
non-ST-elevation
coronary artery bypass surgery [link]
integrated approach [link], [link][link]
management [link]
risk stratification [link]
outcome [link], [link]
plaque erosion [link]
plaque rupture [link]
presentation [link]
risk characterization [link], [link]
vulnerable plaque [link], [link]
acute erythroid leukaemias [link]
acute fatty liver of pregnancy [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
laboratory variables [link]
acute interstitial nephritis [link], [link]
aetiology [link], [link]
drugs [link]
immune-mediated disease [link]
infections [link]
clinical features [link]
clinical investigation [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
historical perspective [link]
pathogenesis [link]
pathology [link], [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
acute interstitial pneumonia [link], [link]
acute lymphoblastic leukaemia [link], [link]
B-lineage [link]
Bcr-abl [link]
E2A fusion genes [link]
MLL fusion genes [link]
MYC [link]
Tel-aml [link], [link]
management [link]
leukaemogenesis and novel therapies [link]
sensitivity/resistance to chemotherapy [link]
presentation and diagnosis [link]
prognostic factors [link]
T-lineage [link]
activation of tyrosine kinases, RAS and PI3K signalling [link]
dysregulated expression of oncogenic transcription factors [link]
NOTCH1 mutations [link]
therapeutic targets [link]
acute lymphocytic leukaemia, translocations [link]
acute lymphoid leukaemia [link]
acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia [link]
acute monoblastic leukaemia [link]
acute monocytic leukaemia [link]
acute myeloblastic leukaemia
with maturation [link]
minimally differentiated [link]
without maturation [link]
acute myeloid leukaemia [link], [link], [link]
activation of tyrosine kinase and RAS signalling pathways [link]
AML1-ETO [link]
CBFβ‎-MYH11, [link]
children [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology and causation [link], [link]
infection [link]
molecular biology
MLL fusion genes [link]
NPM mutations [link]
PML-RARα‎ fusion [link]
with multilineage dysplasia [link]
not otherwise categorized [link], [link], [link]
prognostic factors [link], [link]
recurrent genetic abnormalities [link]
supportive care [link]
blood products [link]
chemotherapy-induced pancytopenia [link]
initiation of therapy [link]
therapy-related [link]
alkylating agents [link]
topoisomerase II inhibitors [link]
translocations [link]
treatment [link], [link]
bone marrow transplantation [link]
chemotherapy [link]
definition of remmission [link]
maintenance therapy [link]
older patients [link]
outcomes [link]
relapse [link]
targeted [link]
acute myelomonocytic leukaemia [link]
acute phase proteins [link]
rheumatic fever [link]
acute phase response [link]
acute promyelocytic leukaemia [link]
complications [link]
supportive care [link]
treatment [link]
acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [link], [link]
causes [link]
definition [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
incidence [link]
investigations [link], [link]
management [link], [link]
fluids [link]
lung protection [link]
mechanical ventilation [link]
nonventilatory adjuncts [link]
nutrition [link]
morbidity and mortality [link]
pathophysiology [link]
acylcarnitine, analysis [link]
adalimumab [link]
pregnancy [link]
psoriasis [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link], [link]
ADAMS proteinases [link]
Adams-Oliver syndrome [link]
ADAMTS proteinases [link]
adapalene, acne [link]
adaptation [link], [link]
and adverse drug reactions [link]
adaptive immunity [link], [link]
alcoholic liver disease [link]
antigen specificity [link]
antigen recognition by T cells [link], [link]
diversity [link]
B-cell receptors and antibody [link]
immunoglobulins [link]
MHC molecules [link]
T-cell receptors [link], [link]
down-regulation of immune response [link]
T-cell tolerance [link]
future developments [link]
immunological memory [link]
generation and maintenance of memory [link]
naive state [link], [link]
priming of immune response [link], [link]
T-cell effector functions [link]
uses of [link]
diagnostics [link]
prophylaxis [link]
therapy [link]
Addenbrooke’s Sedation Score [link]
Addison’s disease [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link], [link]
clinical features
hypercalcaemia [link]
myopathy [link]
pregnancy [link]
Addisonian crisis [link]
adenine phosphoribosyl transferase deficiency [link]
adenine [link]
adenocarcinoma
and DIC [link], [link]
oesophagus [link], [link]
small intestine [link], [link], [link]
adenoidal facies [link]
adenomyeloneuropathy [link]
adenosine deaminase deficiency [link]
treatment [link]
adenosine triphosphate (ATP) [link]
adenosine, cardiac arrhythmias [link], [link]
adenosyl-homocysteinase/S-adenosyl-homocysteine hydrolase deficiency [link]
adenoviruses [link], [link]
enteric [link]
adenylosuccinase deficiency [link]
adhesive capsulitis [link]
adiponectin [link], [link]
adipose tissue lipase [link]
aditory input [link]
ADMA [link]
adolescents
contraception [link]
growth [link]
suicide attempts [link]
adrenal cortex
development [link]
disorders of [link], [link]
Cushing’s syndrome [link], [link], [link], [link]
glucocorticoid deficiency [link], [link], [link]
mineralocorticoid deficiency [link], [link], [link]
mineralocorticoid excess [link], [link], [link]
drug-induced [link]
steroid biosynthesis [link]
adrenal gland
disorders of [link], [link]
adrenal cortex [link]
congenital adrenal hyperplasia [link]
haematological changes [link]
in pregnancy [link]
steroidogenesis [link]
adrenal hyperplasia, congenital [link], [link]
clinical presentation [link], [link]
genetics [link], [link]
21-hydroxylase deficiency [link]
17α‎-hydroxylase deficiency [link]
11β‎-hydroxylase deficiency [link]
3β‎-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency [link]
lipoid adrenal hyperplasia [link]
longer-term outcome [link], [link]
adult stature and medical management [link]
reproductive function [link]
management in infancy and childhood [link]
medical [link]
surgical [link], [link]
neonatal screening [link]
P450 oxidoreductase deficiency [link]
pregnancy [link]
prenatal diagnosis/treatment [link], [link]
sexual development disorders [link]
adrenal hypoplasia, congenital [link]
adrenal insufficiency [link]
CNS complications [link]
drug-induced [link]
adrenal tumours
adenoma [link]
carcinoma [link]
prognosis [link]
incidentalomas [link]
adrenalectomy [link]
adrenaline [link]
anaphylaxis [link]
intramuscular [link]
intravenous [link]
metabolic effects [link]
peptic ulcer disease [link]
reference values [link]
self-injectable [link]
adrenergic receptors [link]
adrenocorticotrophic hormone see ACTH
adrenoleucodystrophy [link], [link], [link]
pseudo-neonatal [link]
X-linked [link], [link]
adrenoleukodystrophy protein [link]
adrenomyeloneuropathy [link]
adriamycin, adverse effects [link]
Adson’s manoeuvre [link]
adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma [link], [link]
advance directives [link]
advanced glycation endproducts [link]
advanced life support [link], [link], [link]
nonshockable rhythms [link], [link]
reversible causes of arrest [link]
shockable rhythms [link], [link]
Advenella spp. [link]
adventitia [link]
adverse drug reactions [link], [link]
allergic [link][link]
classification [link], [link]
dose-related [link]
cutaneous [link]
causality [link], [link]
clinical patterns [link]
maculopapular eruption/toxic erythema [link]
type I [link], [link]
type II [link], [link]
type III [link]
type IV [link]
delayed effects causing [link]
drugs in breast milk [link], [link], [link], [link]
due to adaptation [link]
incidence [link]
long-term effects causing [link]
adaptive changes [link]
rebound phenomena [link]
pharmacovigilance [link], [link]
prevention [link]
reproductive effects [link]
teratogenesis see teratogenesis
type B [link], [link]
see also individual drugs
adynamic ileus [link]
Aedes aegypti [link]
Aedes scutellaris [link]
Aedes spp. [link]
Aedes vigilax [link]
Aerococcus spp. [link]
Aeromonas hydrophila [link], [link], [link]
Aeromonas spp. [link]
aerosol toxicity [link]
acute pneumonitis [link]
acute tracheobronchitis [link]
acute upper airway [link]
treatment [link]
aerospace medicine [link]
clinical aspects [link]
infectious disease spread [link]
jet lag [link], [link]
newly emerging infectious disease [link]
passenger fitness to fly [link]
traveller’s thrombosis [link]
physics of flight environment [link], [link]
atmospheric pressure [link], [link]
atmospheric temperature [link]
atmospheric zone [link]
cosmic radiation [link]
physiology of flight [link]
altitude-induced decompression illness [link], [link]
hypoxia [link], [link][link]
mechanical effects of pressure change [link], [link]
oxygen equipment and pressure cabins [link], [link]
Afipia spp. [link]
aflatoxin [link], [link], [link]
Africa
corruption in [link], [link]
demographic entrapment [link]
scale of [link]
types of [link]
disentrapment [link], [link]
population policy [link]
African tick-bite fever [link]
afterload [link], [link]
and ventricular volume [link]
agammaglobulinaemia
autosomal recessive [link]
X-linked [link], [link]
Agamomermis spp. [link]
age
acute pancreatitis mortality [link]
and cancer susceptibility [link]
maternal, in pregnancy [link]
and osteoarthritis [link]
ageing [link]
haematological changes [link]
hypogonadism [link]
age-related macular degeneration [link]
aggrecan [link]
Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans [link]
agitation, management [link]
agraphia [link]
Agrobacterium spp. [link]
Ahlback’s disease [link]
Aicardi-Goutières syndrome [link]
air pollution
indoor [link]
outdoor [link]
air travel [link]
DVT prevention [link]
heart failure [link]
air-crescent sign [link]
airflow limitation [link], [link]
airway hyper-responsiveness [link], [link][link]
COPD [link]
tests of [link]
exercise testing [link]
inhaled histamine/methacholine [link]
airway inflammation [link]
airway remodelling [link]
airway resistance [link]
airway [link], [link]
acute respiratory failure [link], [link][link]
anaphylaxis [link]
clearance [link]
critical illness [link], [link]
design [link], [link]
dynamic compression [link], [link]
management [link]
poisoned patients [link]
protection of [link]
smooth muscle [link]
see also individual parts
airways disease [link], [link]
COPD [link][link]
HIV-related [link]
small airways [link], [link][link]
upper airways, cystic fibrosis [link]
airways obstruction [link]
causes [link], [link]
aspiration [link], [link]
infections [link], [link]
laryngeal dysfunction [link]
oedema [link]
tracheal abnormalities [link]
tracheal compression [link], [link]
tracheal stenosis [link], [link]
tumours [link], [link]
definition [link]
diagnosis [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
examination [link]
history [link]
lung function tests [link], [link][link]
ajmaline, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link]
Al Khumra haemorrhagic fever virus [link], [link]
Alagille’s syndrome [link], [link]
pulmonary valve stenosis [link]
renal involvement [link]
alanine transaminase, reference values [link]
albendazole
ascariasis [link]
cystic hydatid disease [link]
cysticercosis [link]
filariasis [link]
giardiasis [link]
gnathostomiasis [link]
hookworm [link]
intestinal flukes [link]
isosporiasis [link]
strongyloidiasis [link]
trichuriasis [link]
Albers-Schönberg disease see osteopetrosis
albinism
oculocutaneous
type I [link]
type II [link]
partial, immunodeficiency with [link]
Albright’s hereditary osteodystrophy [link], [link]
albumin [link]
intravenous infusion [link]
microalbuminuria [link]
pregnancy [link]
reference values [link], [link], [link]
urinary excretion [link]
Albustix [link]
Alcaligenes spp. [link]
alclometasone dipropionate [link]
alcohol abuse [link]
brief interventions [link]
extended [link]
identification of drinkers [link], [link]
implementation [link]
simple [link]
definitions [link]
binge drinking [link]
hazardous/harmful drinking [link]
history [link], [link]
oesophageal symptoms [link]
possible dependence [link]
prevalence [link]
suicide attempts [link]
alcohol consumption, heart failure [link]
alcohol dehydrogenase, mutations [link]
alcohol dependence [link]
aetiology [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
pathology [link]
cancer [link]
cardiovascular [link]
endocrinological [link], [link]
gastrointestinal [link]
injury [link]
liver [link], [link]
neurological [link]
pulmonary [link]
pregnancy complications [link]
treatment [link]
alcohol withdrawal [link], [link], [link]
pharmacotherapy [link]
alcohol
and acute pancreatitis [link]
and blood pressure [link]
and cancer [link]
CNS effects [link]
and coronary heart disease [link]
drowning accidents [link]
haematological effects [link]
and hypertension [link], [link]
and hypoglycaemia [link]
intoxidation [link]
and peptic ulcer disease [link]
in pregnancy [link]
fetal alcohol syndrome [link], [link], [link]
reference values [link]
teratogenicity [link], [link]
alcohol-associated pseudo-Cushing’s syndrome [link]
alcoholic hepatitis
clinical features [link]
treatment [link]
corticosteroids [link]
alcoholic ketoacidosis [link]
alcoholic liver disease [link]
clinical features [link]
alcoholic fatty liver [link]
alcoholic hepatitis [link]
cirrhosis [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
hormonal abnormalities [link]
pathogenesis [link]
adaptive immune system [link]
ethanol metabolism [link][link], [link]
innate immune system [link]
recurrence post-transplantation [link]
susceptibility [link]
treatment [link]
abstinence [link], [link]
alcoholic cirrhosis [link]
alcoholic hepatitis [link]
transplantation [link], [link]
alcoholic myopathy [link], [link]
alcoholic neuropathy [link], [link]
aldolase deficiency [link]
aldosterone antagonists, heart failure [link]
aldosterone [link]
action of [link], [link]
biosynthesis defects [link]
in Conn’s syndrome [link]
ectopic secretion [link]
potassium excretion [link]
potassium homeostasis [link]
reference values [link], [link]
signalling pathways [link]
aldosteronism [link]
glucocorticoid-remediable [link], [link]
glucocorticoid-suppressible [link], [link]
primary see Conn’s syndrome
alefacept, psoriasis [link]
alemtuzumab [link], [link], [link]
post-transplantation [link]
alendronate
adverse effects, oesophagitis [link]
hyperparathyroidism [link]
osteoporosis [link]
Paget’s disease [link]
Alenquer virus [link]
Alexander technique [link]
Alexander’s disease [link]
alexia [link]
alfentanil [link], [link]
Alfuy virus [link]
algid malaria [link]
treatment [link]
alginates, in renal failure [link]
alglucosidase alfa [link]
Alishewanella spp. [link]
Alistipes spp. [link]
alkali poisoning [link]
alkaline phosphatase [link], [link]
CKD-MBD [link]
pregnancy [link]
reference values [link]
children [link]
alkalosis
metabolic [link]
respiratory [link], [link]
alkaptonuria [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
treatment and outcome [link]
alkylating agents [link]
carcinogenesis [link]
resistance [link]
alleles, segregation [link]
allelic affinity [link]
allelic heterogeneity [link]
allergen immunotherapy [link], [link]
asthma [link]
allergens [link]
drugs [link]
hymenoptera venom [link]
latex [link]
allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis [link], [link]
allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis [link], [link]
allergic rhinitis [link], [link]
aetiology [link]
clinical diagnosis [link], [link]
environmental factors [link]
occupational rhinitis [link]
perennial allergic rhinitis [link]
seasonal allergic rhinitis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
examination [link]
genetic influences [link]
historical perspective [link]
history [link], [link]
investigations [link]
skin prick tests [link], [link]
pathogenesis [link], [link]
treatment [link], [link]
allergen avoidance [link]
allergen immunotherapy [link]
pharmacotherapy [link]
allergy [link], [link]
aetiology [link][link]
see also allergens
and asthma [link]
clinical features [link]
allergic rhinitis [link]
angio-oedema [link], [link]
asthma [link]
conjunctivitis [link]
eczema [link]
nonallergic rhinitis [link]
urticaria [link]
development [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
food see food allergy
health economics [link]
historical aspects [link]
investigations [link]
challenge tests [link]
intradermal tests [link]
specific IgE [link]
tryptase [link]
non-IgE mediated reactions [link]
pathogenesis [link][link]
prevalence [link]
atopy [link]
clinical [link]
sensitization as predictor [link]
prevention [link], [link]
treatment [link], [link], [link]
allergen avoidance [link]
anti-IgE [link]
immunotherapy [link]
pharmacotherapy [link]
type I (allergic) hypersensitivity reactions [link], [link], [link]
uncertainties [link]
see also anaphylaxis
Alligator mississippiensis [link]
Alligator mississippiensis [link]
alligators [link]
allodynia [link]
allografts [link]
rejection [link][link], [link]
Alloiococcus spp. [link]
allopurinol
adverse effects [link][link]
hepatotoxicity [link], [link], [link]
renal toxicity [link]
calcium stone prevention [link]
drug interactions [link]
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome [link]
allorecognition [link]
costimulation [link]
direct [link], [link]
indirect [link], [link]
pathways of [link]
T-cells in [link]
almitrine bismethylate, chronic respiratory failure [link]
almotriptan, migraine [link][link]
aloe vera [link]
aloe, drug interactions [link]
alopecia areata [link], [link]
alopecia, scarring [link]
Alpers’ syndrome [link]
Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome [link]
α‎-blockers
hypertension [link]
hypertensive emergencies [link]
in renal failure [link]
α‎-fetoprotein, neural tube defects [link]
alphaviruses [link], [link]
arthritis and rash [link]
neuroinvasive disease [link]
see also individual viruses
Alphitobius diaperinus [link]
Alport’s syndrome [link]
antiglomerular basement membrane disease in [link]
genetic counselling and treatment [link]
pathogenesis [link]
symptoms [link]
Alström’s syndrome [link], [link]
Alternaria spp. [link]
alternobaric vertigo [link]
altitude-induced decompression illness [link], [link]
altitude-related illness [link]
acclimatization [link]
blood [link]
circulation [link]
extreme altitudes [link]
fluid balance [link]
ventilation [link]
cerebral oedema [link], [link]
cough [link]
high-altitude environment [link], [link][link]
hypobaric hypoxia [link]
mountain sickness
chronic (Monge’s disease) [link], [link]
peripheral oedema [link]
pre-existing medical conditions [link]
pulmonary hypertension [link]
pulmonary oedema [link], [link], [link][link]
retinal haemorrhage [link], [link]
aluminium phosphide poisoning [link]
aluminium
and cancer [link]
CKD-MBD [link]
poisoning [link]
antidote [link]
hypercalcaemia [link]
skeletal effects [link]
reference values [link]
alveolar haemorrhage [link], [link]
autoimmune rheumatic disorders [link]
SLE [link]
alveolar hypoventilation [link]
alveolar interdependence [link]
alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, translocations [link]
alveolar ventilation [link]
improving [link]
alveoli [link]
design [link], [link]
drug reactions [link], [link]
capillary leakage [link]
inflammation/fibrosis [link], [link][link]
pulmonary eosinophilia [link]
alveolitis, extrinsic allergic [link]
Alzheimer’s disease [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
definition [link], [link]
epidemiology and risk factors [link]
genetics [link], [link]
investigations [link], [link], [link]
management and prognosis [link]
pathology [link], [link]
pathophysiology [link], [link]
Amanita muscaria (fly agaric) [link][link]
Amanita pantherina (panther cap) [link]
Amanita phalloides (death cap) [link]
Amanita virosa (destroying angel) [link]
amantadine
influenza virus [link]
mode of action [link]
Parkinson’s disease [link]
amatoxins [link], [link], [link]
amaurosis fugax [link]
Amblyomma americanum [link]
Amblyomma cajennense [link], [link]
Amblyomma hebraeum [link], [link]
amblyopia, tobacco-alcohol [link]
amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenic purpura [link]
amenorrhoea [link], [link], [link]
idiopathic hypothalamic [link], [link]
weight-loss related [link]
amephetamines, poisoning [link]
amikacin
mycobacterial disease [link]
nocardiosis [link]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa [link]
in renal failure [link]
serum levels [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
amiloride
ascites [link]
heart failure [link]
amilsulpride [link]
amineptine, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
amino acidaemias [link]
amino acids
analysis [link], [link]
daily intake [link]
metabolism [link], [link], [link]
regulation of gene expression [link]
renal tubular reabsorption [link]
stores [link]
amino aciduria [link], [link], [link] see also individual conditions
4-aminobiphenyl [link]
aminoglutethimide
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link]
Cushing’s syndrome [link]
ectopic ACTH secretion [link]
reproductive effects [link]
aminoglycosides
adverse effects [link]
drug interactions [link]
mode of action [link]
nephrotoxicity [link], [link]
pregnancy [link]
5-aminolaevulinate [link]
aminolaevulinate dehydratase deficiency [link], [link][link]
aminophylline
COPD [link]
see also theophylline
4-aminopyrine, vertigo [link]
aminorex, thromboembolism [link]
5-aminosalicylates
Crohn’s disease [link]
ulcerative colitis [link]
5-aminosalicylic acid nephritis [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis and treatment [link]
pathogenesis and pathology [link]
aminosidine, leishmaniasis [link]
amiodaquine, adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
amiodarone [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
in breast milk [link]
drug interactions [link]
heart failure [link]
induction of thyrotoxicosis [link], [link]
in renal failure [link]
thyroiditis [link]
2-amionadipic aciduria [link]
amisulpiride [link]
schizophrenia [link]
amitriptyline
adverse effects [link]
hepatotoxicity [link], [link][link]
diabetic neuropathy [link]
migraine prevention [link]
serum levels [link]
amlodipine
hypertensive emergencies [link]
Raynaud’s phenomenon [link]
ammonia
metabolism [link]
poisoning [link]
reference values [link]
children [link]
amniotic fluid embolism [link]
amodiaquine [link]
amoebae, free-living [link], [link]
amoebiasis [link][link], [link]
clinical features [link]
cutaneous and genital amoebiasis [link]
hepatic amoebiasis [link], [link][link]
invasive intestinal amoebiasis [link]
epidemiology [link]
laboratory diagnosis [link], [link]
management [link]
chemotherapy [link]
supportive and surgical [link]
pathology [link], [link]
prevention [link]
prognosis [link]
amoebic infections [link]
amoebic keratitis [link]
amoebicides, reproductive effects [link]
amoeboma [link][link]
amosite [link]
amotivational states [link]
amoxicillin/clavulanate [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link], [link]
animal-related injuries [link]
bacterial overgrowth [link]
cellulitis, mastitis and pyomyositis [link]
H. influenzae [link]
impetigo [link]
melioidosis [link]
pelvic inflammatory disease [link]
septic bursitis/arthritis [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
amoxicillin
actinomycoses [link]
in breast milk [link]
cellulitis, mastitis and pyomyositis [link]
H. influenzae [link]
H. pylori [link], [link]
impetigo [link]
infective endocarditis [link], [link]
Lyme borreliosis [link]
pharmacokinetics [link]
pneumococcal pneumonia [link]
pneumonia [link]
in renal failure [link]
septic bursitis/arthritis [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
typhoid carriers [link]
typhoid fever [link]
urinary tract infection [link]
amphetamine, serum levels [link]
amphetamines [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link], [link]
amphibians, poisonous [link], [link]
amphotericin B
adverse effects [link]
coccidioidomycosis [link]
cryptococcosis [link]
disseminated candidosis [link]
fungal infections [link]
leishmaniasis [link]
oral candidiasis [link]
paracoccidioidomycosis [link]
Penicillium marneffei [link]
in renal failure [link]
renal toxicity [link]
ampicillin [link]
bacteraemia [link]
cellulitis, mastitis and pyomyositis [link]
chlamydial infections [link]
endocarditis [link]
epidural abscess [link]
infective endocarditis [link][link]
listeriosis [link]
nocardiosis [link]
osteomyelitis [link]
pharmacokinetics [link]
pneumonia [link]
postantibiotic effect [link]
spectrum of activity [link]
toxic shock syndrome [link]
typhoid carriers [link]
urinary tract infection [link]
amplicons [link]
amplitype polymarker DNA [link]
amprenavir, mode of action [link]
amrinone [link]
Amycolatopsis spp. [link]
amylase, reference values [link], [link]
amylin [link]
amyloid A [link]
amyloid fibrils [link]
proteins and precursors [link]
amyloid A [link]
amyloid β‎ [link]
amyloid P component [link]
apolipoprotein A-I/A-II [link]
cystatin C [link]
gelsolin [link]
glycosaminoglycans [link]
immunoglobulin light chain [link]
islet amyloid polypeptide [link]
lysozyme [link]
β‎2-microglobulin [link]
transthyretin [link]
amyloid neuropathy [link]
amyloid P component [link][link], [link]
amyloid β‎ [link]
amyloidosis [link], [link]
cardiac [link], [link]
cerebral [link], [link]
Alzheimer’s disease [link]
hereditary cerebral amyloid angiopathy [link]
prion disease [link]
senile [link]
clinical [link], [link][link]
diagnosis and monitoring [link]
histochemistry [link]
nonhistological investigations [link]
dialysis patients [link]
endocrine [link]
haemodialysis-associated [link], [link]
hepatic involvement [link]
hereditary systemic [link]
familial amyloid polyneuropathy [link]
nonneuropathic [link]
immunoglobulin light-chain [link]
late gadolinium enhancement [link]
leprosy [link]
localized syndromes [link]
malabsorption [link], [link]
management [link]
monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain [link]
neuropathy [link]
primary [link]
aetiology and epidemiology [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
laboratory findings [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
pulmonary [link]
reactive systemic [link]
associated conditions [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
renal involvement [link]
and rheumatoid arthritis [link]
senile [link]
focal [link]
systemic (cardiac) [link]
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [link], [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link]
clinical variants [link]
differential diagnosis and investigation [link]
giving diagnosis [link]
pathology [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
anabolic steroids [link], [link]
adverse effects, hepatotoxicity [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link]
anaemia [link]
acquired pernicious [link]
adaptation to [link], [link]
cardiovascular changes [link]
erythropoietin [link]
pulmonary function [link]
red cells [link], [link]
tissue perfusion [link]
aplastic see aplastic anaemia
autoimmune haemolytic [link], [link]
bartonellosis [link]
cancer-associated [link], [link], [link]
causes [link], [link]
blood loss [link]
cobalamin deficiency [link]
defective proliferation of red-cell precursors [link], [link]
defective red-cell maturation [link]
folate deficiency [link]
haemolytic [link], [link]
infection [link]
malabsorption [link]
of chronic disorders [link]
CKD [link]
epidemiology and clinical significance [link]
management [link]
pathogenesis [link], [link]
clinical assessment [link]
clinical effects [link]
congenital dyserythropoietic [link]
consequences [link]
defective maturation of red cells [link]
definition [link], [link], [link]
developing countries [link], [link]
dialysis patients [link]
exercise-induced [link]
haematological investigation [link], [link]
haemolytic see haemolytic anaemia
and heart failure [link]
inherited [link], [link]
iron deficiency [link]
pregnancy [link]
malaria [link], [link], [link]
treatment [link]
management [link]
megaloblastic see megaloblastic anaemia
microangiopathic haemolytic [link], [link], [link]
normochromic, normocytic [link], [link]
management [link]
pernicious see pernicious anaemia
pregnancy [link]
aplastic [link]
haemolytic [link]
iron deficiency [link]
vitamin B12 and folate deficiency [link]
prevalence [link], [link], [link]
prevention [link]
refractory [link]
with excess blasts [link]
with ringed sideroblasts [link]
sideroblastic [link]
SLE [link]
vitamin deficiency [link]
and world health [link]
anaerobic bacteria [link]
antibiotic resistance [link]
clinical spectrum [link]
definition [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
history [link]
human commensal flora [link], [link]
pathogenesis [link]
taxonomy [link], [link]
treatment [link]
Anaerobiospirillum spp. [link]
Anaerococcus spp. [link]
Anaeroglobus spp. [link]
Anaerorhabdus spp. [link]
anaesthesia
and anaphylaxis [link]
renal failure [link]
anaesthetics, topical [link]
anakinra [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link], [link], [link]
anal sphincter, anatomy [link]
analgesia
critical illness [link]
hazards of [link], [link]
analgesic ladder [link], [link]
analgesic nephropathy [link], [link], [link]
analgesics
antagonists [link]
critical illness [link], [link]
neuropathic pain [link], [link]
nociceptive pain [link], [link]
in renal failure [link], [link]
analphalipoproteinaemia [link], [link]
anaphylactic shock
malignant [link]
see also anaphylaxis
anaphylactoid reactions [link]
anaphylatoxins [link]
anaphylaxis [link], [link], [link], [link]
aetiology [link], [link]
allergist/immunologist referral [link]
anaesthesia-related [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
cardiovascular manifestations [link]
cutaneous and general reactions [link], [link]
gastrointestinal manifestations [link]
neurological manifestations [link]
respiratory manifestations [link]
continuing treatment [link]
definition [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link]
drug-induced [link]
epidemiology [link]
exercise-induced [link]
fatal [link]
food-induced [link]
future developments [link]
grading [link]
hospital admissions [link], [link]
hymenoptera stings [link], [link]
idiopathic [link]
immediate treatment [link], [link]
adrenaline [link]
fluid replacement [link]
oxygen and airway patency [link]
investigations [link]
IgE skin testing, in vitro testing and challenge testing [link]
mast cell tryptase and histamine [link]
latex-induced [link]
observation [link]
pathophysiology [link]
mast cell/basophil inflammatory mediators [link]
mediator actions [link]
prevention [link]
drug and allergen avoidance [link]
education [link]
long-term desensitization (immunotherapy) [link]
pretreatment [link]
skin testing and short-term desensitization [link]
second-line treatments [link]
summation [link]
treatment [link]
see also allergy
Anaplasma phagocytophilum [link], [link], [link], [link]
anaplasmosis [link], [link]
bacteriology, taxonomy and genomics [link], [link]
human granulocytic [link], [link][link]
anaplastic large T/null-cell lymphoma [link], [link]
anastrozole, breast cancer [link]
Anatrichosoma spp. [link]
ANCA-associated vasculitis [link], [link], [link][link], [link]
aetiology and genetics [link]
areas of uncertainty [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
differential diagnosis [link], [link], [link], [link]
epidemiology [link], [link]
historical perspective [link]
investigation [link], [link]
pathogenesis and pathology [link], [link]
prognosis [link], [link]
quality of life [link]
treatment [link]
adverse events [link]
induction therapy [link]
maintenance therapy [link]
refractory disease [link]
renal transplantation [link]
see also individual syndromes
ancrod [link]
Ancylostoma braziliense [link]
Ancylostoma caninum [link], [link]
gastroenteritis [link]
Ancylostoma duodenale [link], [link]
Ancylostoma malayanum [link]
Andersen syndrome [link], [link], [link]
Anderson-Fabry disease see Fabry’s disease
Andes virus [link]
andioendothelioma, vasculitis [link]
androgen insensitivity syndrome [link], [link], [link]
androgen receptor defects [link]
androgen replacement [link]
testosterone preparations [link]
androgens
actions of [link], [link]
biosynthesis [link]
defects in [link]
deficiency [link]
maternal excess [link]
resistance to [link]
Andrographis paniculata [link]
andromedotoxins [link]
Anemonia sulcata [link]
anencephaly [link]
antenatal screening [link]
aneuploidy [link]
aneurysm
abdominal aortic [link]
Behçet’s disease [link]
endovascular repair [link]
syphilitic [link]
Angelman’s syndrome [link], [link], [link]
hypopigmentation [link]
angiitis
cutaneous leucocytoclastic [link]
isolated CNS [link]
angina [link], [link], [link], [link]
atypical [link]
causes [link]
clinical evaluation [link]
diabetes mellitus [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
and heart failure [link]
investigation [link], [link]
Ludwig’s [link]
management [link], [link]
coronary artery bypass surgery [link]
Prinzmetal’s [link]
prognosis [link]
referral [link], [link]
refractory [link]
risk assessment [link]
biomarkers [link]
clinical indicators [link]
invasive testing [link]
noninvasive [link]
risk scores [link]
treatment [link], [link]
antianginal drugs [link]
lifestyle modification [link]
revascularization [link], [link]
secondary prevention [link]
unstable [link]
ECG [link]
hypertension [link]
management [link]
walk-through angina [link]
angiodysplasia, GI bleeding [link]
angiogenesis [link], [link], [link]
angiogenic switch [link]
angiography
cerebral [link]
digital subtraction [link]
angiokeratoma corporis diffusum see Fabry’s disease
angiomatosis
bacillary [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
treatment [link]
angiomyolipoma [link]
angio-oedema [link], [link], [link], [link], [link]
airways obstruction [link]
allergic (IgE-mediated) [link]
allergy [link]
hereditary [link]
angiopoietin [link]
angiosarcoma [link]
liver [link], [link]
angiostrongyliasis see parastrongyliasis
angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) [link]
angiotensin II receptor antagonists [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
effects on renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system [link]
heart failure [link], [link]
hypertension [link], [link]
Raynaud’s phenomenon [link]
angiotensin II [link], [link]
angiotensin-converting enzyme, reference values [link]
angular cheilitis [link], [link]
anhydrotic ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency [link]
animal-related injuries [link][link]
clinical features [link]
epidemiology [link]
prevention [link]
treatment [link]
anion gap [link], [link]
anisakiasis [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology and control [link]
life cycle [link]
treatment [link]
anisochromia [link]
anistreplase, pulmonary embolism [link]
ankle
pain [link]
rheumatoid arthritis [link]
ankylosing spondylitis [link], [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link]
diagnosis [link], [link]
epidemiology [link]
extra-articular involvement [link]
immunopathology and pathogenesis [link]
laboratory and radiological features [link], [link]
neurological complications [link]
ocular involvement [link], [link]
physical examination [link]
prognosis [link]
pulmonary involvement [link]
treatment [link]
Anncaliia algerae [link]
Anncaliia connori [link]
Anncaliia vesicularum [link]
anogenital warts [link], [link]
clinical features [link], [link][link]
diagnosis and management [link]
epidemiology [link]
anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
partial [link]
total [link]
anomia [link]
Anopheles arabiensis [link]
Anopheles funestus [link]
Anopheles gambiae [link]
Anopheles quadriannulatus [link]
Anopheles spp. [link], [link]
blood feeding and host preference [link]
breeding habitat [link]
distribution and density [link], [link]
genetics and insecticide resistance [link], [link]
immunity to malaria [link]
vectorial capacity and transmissibility [link]
anorchia [link]
anorectal disease, benign [link]
anorexia nervosa [link]
haematological changes [link]
hormonal abnormalities [link], [link]
management [link]
anorexia
male [link]
palliative care [link]
anorgasmia [link], [link]
anosmia [link]
anovulation [link]
anoxic brain damage [link]
anserine bursitis [link], [link]
ant stings [link]
antabuse syndrome [link]
antacids, in renal failure [link]
antenatal screening [link], [link]
anterior abdominal wall defects [link]
exomphalos [link]
gastroschisis [link]
anterior pituitary gland
adenohypophysis [link]
anatomy and embryology [link]
disorders of [link]
clinical features [link]
craniopharyngioma [link]
hypophysitis [link]
hypopituitarism [link]
neuro-ophthalmological evaluation [link]
pituitary adenoma [link]
pituitary apoplexy [link]
pituitary carcinoma [link]
pituitary function testing [link]
radiological assessment [link]
Rathke’s cleft cysts [link]
hormone-producing cells [link]
hormones [link]
see also individual hormones
neurohypophysis [link]
physiology [link]
radiotherapy [link]
surgery [link]
anthophyllite [link]
anthracyclines [link]
anthraquinone glycosides [link]
anthrax [link], [link]
aetiology and genetics [link]
clinical features [link]
cutaneous anthrax [link], [link]
gastrointestinal anthrax [link], [link]
inhalation anthrax [link], [link]
meningeal anthrax [link]
diagnosis [link]
epidemiology [link]
history [link]
pathogenesis and pathology [link]
prevention [link]
prognosis [link]
treatment [link]
Anti Thrombotic Trialists’ Collaborative Group [link]
antiandrogens, skin disorders [link]
antianginal drugs [link]
β‎-blockers [link]
calcium antagonists [link]
nitrates [link]
potassium channel openers [link]
in renal failure [link]
antianxiety drugs [link]
benzodiazepines see benzodiazepines
in renal failure [link]
antiarrhythmics [link], [link][link], [link]
class I, II, III, IV [link], [link]
in renal failure [link]
STEMI [link]
see also individual drugs
antibacterial drugs see antimicrobials
antibiotics
acute pancreatitis [link]
adverse effects
colitis [link]
diarrhoea [link]
bronchiectasis [link], [link]
Crohn’s disease [link]
failed therapy [link]
gastrointestinal infections [link]
malaria [link]
mode of action [link], [link]
NNT [link]
osteomyelitis [link]
poisoning [link]
in pregnancy [link], [link]
prophylactic [link]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa [link]
Raynaud’s phenomenon [link]
resistance [link], [link][link]
altered target site [link]
enzymatic inactivation [link]
impermeability [link]
metabolic bypass [link]
surveillance of [link]
sepsis [link]
typhoid fever [link], [link]
antibody deficiency [link], [link]
autosomal recessive with B lymphopenia [link]
cancer medicine [link]
diseases associated with [link]
clinical features [link]
drugs causing [link]
normal serum immunoglobulins [link], [link]
outcome [link]
physiological [link]
supplementary management [link]
thymoma [link]
transient of infancy [link]
treatment [link]
antibody-dependent enhancement [link]
anti-C1 inhibitor antibodies [link]
anti-C1q antibodies [link]
anti-CCP antibodies [link]
anticholinergics, COPD [link], [link]
anticholinesterases, snake bite [link]
α‎1-antichymotrypsin [link]
anticoagulants
acute coronary syndromes [link]
COPD [link]
dilated cardiomyopathy [link]
haemodialysis [link]
heart failure [link]
poisoning, antidote [link]
pregnancy [link]
pulmonary arterial hypertension [link]
in renal failure [link]
STEMI [link]
stroke [link]
see also individual drugs
anticoagulation cascade [link]
anticoagulation
atrial fibrillation [link]
perioperative management [link], [link]
therapeutic [link]
venous thromboembolism [link]
anticonvulsants [link]
adverse effects
osteomalacia [link]
reproductive [link]
behavioural teratology [link]
breastfeeding [link]
choice of [link], [link]
diabetic neuropathy [link]
drug monitoring [link], [link]
enzyme induction [link]
folate deficiency [link]
mechanisms of action [link], [link]
poisoning [link]
pregnancy [link]
teratogenicity [link], [link]
see also individual drugs
antidepressants [link], [link]
contraindication in porphyria [link], [link]
monoamine oxidase inhibitors [link]
neuropathic pain [link], [link]
poisoning [link]
post-traumatic stress disorder [link]
in renal failure [link]
serotonin reuptake inhibitors [link]
antidiarrhoeal drugs [link], [link]
antidiuretic hormone
action of [link], [link]
excess [link]
reference values [link]
antidotes [link], [link]
anti-dsDNA antibodies, SLE [link], [link], [link]
antiemetics
palliative care [link], [link][link]
in renal failure [link]
antiendomysial antibody [link]
antifibrinolytic drugs, in renal failure [link]
antifungals
mode of action [link]
skin disorders
oral [link]
topical [link]
see also individual drugs
antigen receptors [link], [link]
antigenic variation [link]
antigen-presenting cells [link]
antigens, human cancer [link]
antiglomerular basement membrane disease [link]
aetiology and pathogenesis [link]
anti-GBM antibodies and T-cell-mediated immune response [link]
disease associations [link]
environmental factors [link]
genetic predisposition [link]
Goodpasture antigen [link]
in Alport’s syndrome [link]
clinical features [link],