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Sleep disorders 

Sleep disorders
Chapter:
Sleep disorders
Author(s):

Paul J. Reading

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.240503_update_001

July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Update:

Narcolepsy—expanded discussion of possible autoimmune pathogenesis that may result in the destruction of a small subset of hypothalamic neurons containing the neuropeptide hypocretin.

Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder—association with the development of complex forms of Parkinson’s disease.

Updated on 28 Nov 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2017

Dysfunctional sleep is an important cause of morbidity. Sleep problems can loosely be divided into insomnias, disorders causing excessive daytime sleepiness, and parasomnias, with some conditions having elements of all three categories.

Chronic insomnia usually has a behavioural or psychological basis and responds best to cognitive or relaxation therapies, although ...

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