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Introduction to the lymphoproliferative disorders 

Introduction to the lymphoproliferative disorders
Chapter:
Introduction to the lymphoproliferative disorders
Author(s):

Barbara A. Degar

and Nancy Berliner

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.220402_update_001

Update:

February 27, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Updated on 30 May 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2017

Lymphoproliferative disorders occur when the normal mechanisms of control of proliferation of lymphocytes break down, resulting in autonomous, uncontrolled proliferation of lymphoid cells and typically leading to lymphocytosis and/or lymphadenopathy, and sometimes to involvement of extranodal sites, e.g. bone marrow.

These include (1) malignant—clonal in nature, resulting from the uncontrolled proliferation of a single transformed cell, e.g. lymphoma; (2) nonmalignant—polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorders may result from conditions including (a) infections—lymphocytosis is commonly caused by viral infections, e.g. Epsitein–Barr virus (EBV); lymphadenopathy is a common feature of a very wide variety of infections, (b) reactive—conditions such as systemic lupous erythematosus (SLE) and sarcoidosis frequently cause lymphadenopathy....

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