Show Summary Details
Page of

Thrombocytosis 

Thrombocytosis

Chapter:
Thrombocytosis
Author(s):

Stefan O. Ciurea

and Ronald Hoffman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.220310
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 28 June 2017

Thrombocytosis describes a platelet count elevated above 450 × 109/litre, which can be (1) primary—including essential thrombocythaemia, chronic myeloid leukaemia, polycythaemia vera and myelodysplastic syndromes; or (2) secondary—including iron deficiency, infection, blood loss, malignancy.

Platelets are released from megakaryocytes, whose development is principally regulated by thrombopoietin. This is chiefly produced in the liver and binds to its receptor (c-Mpl) to cause activation via the JAK-STAT signalling pathway at different levels of the platelet production pathway, ranging from the proliferation and survival of haematopoietic stem cell/progenitor cells to megakaryocyte maturation. Thrombopoietin production is increased by a wide variety of stimuli, which explains the many causes of secondary thrombocytosis....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.