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Peritoneal dialysis 

Peritoneal dialysis
Chapter:
Peritoneal dialysis
Author(s):

Simon Davies

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.210702_update_002

Update:

Chapter updated throughout, including additional information on the use of peritoneal dialysis in renal replacement, including the results of the EVEREST study, and expanded content on Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis.

Updated further reading.

Updated on 22 Sep 2016. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 24 September 2017

Abbreviations: CAPD, Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis; APD, automated peritoneal dialysis; CKD Chronic Kidney Disease; AKI, Acute kidney injury; EPS, Encapsulating Peritoneal Sclerosis.

Peritoneal dialysis is achieved by repeated cycles of instillation and drainage of dialysis fluid within the peritoneal cavity, with the two main functions of dialysis—solute and fluid removal—occurring due to the contact between dialysis fluid and the capillary circulation of the parietal and visceral peritoneum across the peritoneal membrane. It can be used to provide renal replacement therapy in acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease....

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