Show Summary Details
Page of

Osteomyelitis 

Osteomyelitis

Chapter:
Osteomyelitis
Author(s):

Anthony R. Berendt

and Martin McNally

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.2003

May 29, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 23 June 2017

Bacteria can obtain access to bone from a contiguous focus of infection (e.g. a diabetic foot ulcer) or by haematogenous spread. Osteomyelitis is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, β-haemolytic streptococci, and—in some situations—aerobic Gram-negative rods. An acute inflammatory response causes oedema within bone and soft tissue, and thrombosis in vessels that can result in bone infarction. Pus may form within cancellous bone and beneath the periosteum, stripping it from the bond and leading to extensive necrosis that sometimes involves an entire bone. The process may become chronic and relapsing....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.