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Pyogenic arthritis 

Pyogenic arthritis

Chapter:
Pyogenic arthritis
Author(s):

Anthony R. Berendt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1907
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date: 26 May 2017

Acute pyogenic arthritis may be primary (by haematogenous spread) or secondary (to trauma, surgery, or arthrocentesis). Organisms that cause primary septic arthritis are usually aggressive pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus (most commonly), streptococci, salmonella species (especially in African children) and Gram-negative organisms (neonates and older people). The causes of secondary and chronic septic arthritis are more diverse, including lower-grade pathogens from skin, mycobacteria, and fungi....

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